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The Rise of Realism

The Rise of Realism

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The Rise of Realism

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  1. The Rise of Realism Pages 378-395 The Civil War to 1914 Painting: Home, Sweet Home (1863) by Winslow Homer

  2. Civil War: What do you know? • Why was the war fought? (382-386) • How was the war fought? What did the fighting look like? (382-386) • What was the result of the war? (380, 386) • Was any war literature produced? Why or why not? (388-389) • After the Civil War, what type of writers emerged and what did they write about? (391)

  3. Literature During this Period • Short stories, novels, poetry, muckraking journalism • Famous Writers: The only reason for the existence of a novel is that I does attempt to represent life. -Henry James

  4. Elements of Realism What type of literature were realists reacting against? Real-life situations (ethical struggles & social issues) Ordinary characters & realistic events Everyday speech patterns are used to reveal class and geographic distinctions (regionalism) R O E Is realistic literature nonfiction, fiction, or both? Page 391

  5. Elements of Naturalism (an offshoot of realism) • Belief that human behavior is determined by heredity and environment • Sense of life as a losing battle against an uncaring universe Page 393-394

  6. “A Mystery of Heroism” (435)by Stephen Cane • What is the author’s style? • Apply ROE • Identify the situational irony • Turn to page 440 “When he came to the wall”: where do you see a naturalistic perspective expressed?

  7. Mark Twain “The Lowest Animal” How is this essay a satire? How is it an example of realism? 1835-1910

  8. Psychological Realism: Inside the Human Mind • Look at why ordinary people behave the way they do: character motivation • Look at how social and psychological situations influence behavior • Juxtapose human illusions with the indifference of the universe • Henry James & Stephen Crane & Ambrose Bierce

  9. Elements of Naturalism (an offshoot of realism) • Analyze human behavior objectively like a scientist • Belief that human behavior is determined by heredity and environment • Sense that humans cannot control their own destinies • Sense of life as a losing battle against an uncaring universe Page 393-394