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Bio-. mass to Chemistry to. Cars. Gregory Penner Soy 20/20 Project May 27 th , 2005. Overview. How did petroleum win? Targets where biomass could be competitive A glimpse of the future What do we need to do?. The 20 th century belonged to petroleum. Most intermediate chemicals

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Bio-

mass to Chemistry to

Cars

Gregory Penner

Soy 20/20 Project

May 27th, 2005

overview
Overview
  • How did petroleum win?
  • Targets where biomass could be competitive
  • A glimpse of the future
  • What do we need to do?
the 20 th century belonged to petroleum
The 20th century belonged to petroleum.

Most intermediate chemicals

are made from petroleum.

An average car contains 275 lbs

of plastic.

2,250 Ontario plastics companies,

shipped $14.7 B in products in

2003.

how did we get here
How did we get here?

Petroleum was discovered in Ontario in 1858.

specific targets

Specific targets

1.) Automotive coatings

dupont supersolids tm paint
Dupont SuperSolidsTM Paint

Reduce VOC

emissions 25%

Works with existing

equipment.

Based on vinyl monomer with branched glutaric acid.

automotive coatings
Automotive coatings

Branched

Glutaric

Acid

C5H7O4

Vinyl

Monomer

Acrylic

Acid

Esters

Vinyl

Polymer

C3H4O2

$0.65/lb

a bio based source
A bio-based source?

Canola 40% oil

$0.25/lb

Soybean 20% oil

$0.22/lb

a bio based source1
A bio-based source?

Vegetable oil is composed of fatty acids.

Stearic acid 18:0

double bonds provide an opportunity
Double bonds provide an opportunity.

Stearic becomes Oleic

C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C

-

=

C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-COOH

Ozone

a new engineering opportunity
A new engineering opportunity
  • Design fatty acid desaturases for targeted molecules

C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-C=C-C-C-C-COOH

20:4 divided in four  4 x Glutaric Acid

summary
Summary
  • An opportunity exists to make carboxylic acids from vegetable oil.
  • Modification of plants is required.
    • Modification of specificity of desaturases
    • Modification of fatty acid composition
  • Time will be required to create these modifications
  • Concerns exist over the presence of industrial components in food crops
specific target 2

Specific Target #2

Bio-catalysis of useful chemicals

corn starch
Corn Starch

Corn $2.00/bushel

$0.04/lb

70% Starch

Starch $0.05/lb

what is corn starch anyway
What is corn starch anyway?

Glucose

Glucose polymer

cargill dow
Cargill/Dow

Corn

Biorefinery

Polylactic acid

future product aims
Future product aims

Codexis

Starch

Propionic

acid

Glucose

Lactic

acid

H+

Lactobacillus

Acrylic

acid

summary1
Summary

Agricultural

products

Enzyme

Evolution

Competitive

Chemical

Costs

grain elevators
Grain Elevators

Bio-refineries

Biomass  Monomers

supply to existing chemical infrastructure
Supply to existing chemical infrastructure.

Invista

Kosa

PetroCanada

Dow

Imperial

Oil

Sunoco

Lanxess

Monomers  Polymers

Nova

Ethyl

automotive parts clusters
Automotive parts clusters

Polymers  Cars

we need to compete globally

We need to compete globally

We need to be innovative

We need to build on our strengths

We need to build our own value chains

to lead we must be able to innovate
To lead we must be able to innovate.

Plastics

Polymers

Automotive

Parts

Intermediate

Chemicals

Automotive

Assembly

Petroleum

the driver is reduced cost and increased value
The driver is reduced cost and increased value

Plastics

Polymers

Automotive

Parts

Intermediate

Chemicals

Automotive

Assembly

Biomass

we need to work together
We need to work together

Automotive

Industry

Process

Engineers

Enzyme

Chemistry

Agriculture