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Session 1: Ongoing Initiatives for Assessing the Environmental Impact of ICT. IEC TC111 WG4 Activities. 5 September 2011. IEC/TC 111 Chair Environment Strategy Office Hitachi, Ltd. Yoshiaki ICHIKAWA. IEC TC111 Overview. IEC 62474 (FDIS). WG1: Material Declaration.

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Session 1: Ongoing Initiatives for Assessing the Environmental Impact of ICT

IEC TC111 WG4 Activities

5 September 2011

IEC/TC 111 Chair

Environment Strategy Office

Hitachi, Ltd.

Yoshiaki ICHIKAWA


Iec tc111 overview l.jpg
IEC Environmental Impact of ICTTC111Overview

IEC 62474 (FDIS)

WG1: Material Declaration

WG2: Environmentally conscious design (disbanded)

IEC 62430 Ed.1.0

WG3: Test procedures of regulated substances

IEC 62321 Ed.1.0

PT 62476: Guidance for evaluation of product with respect to substance use restrictions

IEC TR 62476 Ed.1.0

TC111

IEC 62542 (CD2)

PT 62542:Terminology

PT 62635: Recyclability evaluation

PT 62650: Information exchange

TR 62725

TR 62726

WG4: Green House Gasses

AHG 6: Environmentally Conscious Design

PAS 62596 Ed.1.0: Sampling procedure


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Activities of WG4 Environmental Impact of ICT

Two projects to develop;

1) TR 62725 "Quantification methodology of greenhouse gas emissions for electrical and electronic products and systems "

2) TR 62726 "Quantification Methodology of greenhouse gas emission reductions for electrical and electronic products and systems from the project baseline"

First meeting of WG4 at Eindhoven (May 25 2011)


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TR 62725 Environmental Impact of ICT(product carbon footprint)

1


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Worldwide Bodies Addressing GHG in Environmental Impact of ICTA Product Life Cycle Perspective

ITU-T SG5

Sector guide relation

Q18

Liaison

IEC TC 111

BSI

& Carbon Trust

PAS 2050

WG 4

ISO

GHG Protocol(WBCSD& WRI)

Liaison

ISO 14067

CFPstandard

Liaison

JIS

CFP standard


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Back ground of TR 62725 Environmental Impact of ICT

Title: Quantification methodology of CO2e emission for electrical and electronic products and systems (EE products)

Background

Life cycle GHG emission of products (e.g. carbon footprint) has become a top priority issue in terms of ecodesign, administrative tool, green procurement, etc.

Necessity

ISO, WRI/WBCSD, and other initiatives already started standardization but are not harmonized and lacking consideration for EE product's specific complication, such as;

- long supply chains, - huge number of components, - complex use-profile (scenario)

Proposal

In order to help EE industry respond to this issue in a reasonable and practical manner, IEC TC 111 to start work on EE sector's harmonized methodology to be integrated into the existing generic standards and initiatives.


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Scope - 111/204/NP – TR 62725 Environmental Impact of ICT

  • ■ TR 62725 describes principles and guidance to quantify greenhouse gas

  • emissions (CO2e) forEE products* based on the life-cyclethinking and

  • isapplicable to any type of EE products, which are new or modified.

  • ➢Intended to be used by those involved in design and development

  • of EE products, and their supply chains regardless of industry sectors,

  • regions, types, activities and sizes of organizations.

  • ➢Intended to guidance for implementing Carbon Footprint of Products

  • (CFP) and relevant product category rules of EE products.

  • ➢Intended facilitate product specific sectors to generate their own,

  • more specific, standards or guidelines if needed.

*products

any goods or service Note: This includes interconnected and/or interrelated goods or services


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Relation to Existing Std. – TR 62725 Environmental Impact of ICT

Issue (Target)

Schedule:

Oct, 2011

Scope 3 Accounting Report standard

Product Life Cycle Accounting & Report standard

WBCSD/WRI

GHG Protocol

ISO TC207 SC7 GHG Management

Issue (Target)

Schedule:

latter half of 2012?

ISO 14067 : Carbon footprint of products – Quantification & Communication

Reference / Sector specific

IEC TC111

Issue (Target)

Schedule:

2012

TR 62725

Quantification methodology of greenhouse gas emissions

(CO2e) for “EE products & service sector”

Liaison

Subject

  • CO2e emissions

  • for Product Life cycle

GHG Assessment methodology for

“EE products and service sector”

Liaison

(a)Guidance document - Quantification methodology

of GHG emissions (CO2e) for EE products

(b)Guidance document - Making of PCR according to

each product category for EE products

ICT Sector specific

ITU-T

SG-5

Issue (Target)

Schedule:

2011

IEC Product TCs


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Potential Issues Environmental Impact of ICT― long supply chain

  • Hurdles

  • Product system is not visible due to its complexity and large scale.

  • Due to above, difficulty of appropriate boundary setting and cutting off .

  • Difficulty for having cooperation from all the actors in the supply chain which makes impossible to collect primary data of every unit process.

  • Potential solutions (to be discussed)

  • Provide practical and implementable guidance for

    • boundary setting

    • data collection including effective use of secondary data


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Potential Issues Environmental Impact of ICT― many components

  • Hurdles

  • Electrical and electronic product is composed of a large number of parts and materials.

  • Overall uncertainly, which is a cumulative of each component becomes very large.

    • At the first WG4 meeting, MIT (US) professor presented a study on LCA on a laptop PC showing 30% statistical variation.

  • Potential solutions (to be discussed)

  • Provide practical and implementable guidance for

    • cut off rules for screening insignificant components

    • addressing uncertainty and accuracy


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Potential Issues Environmental Impact of ICT― use stage

  • Hurdles

  • Electrical and electronic products emit significant amount of CO2 in the "use stage" in contrast to other industry.

  • The use profile or scenario may largely vary and lead to a large difference in results.

  • Potential solutions (to be discussed)

  • Provide practical and implementable guidance for

    • setting an appropriate use profile for energy-using products

    • avoiding inappropriate comparison or misleading use of the results.


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TR62726 (enabling effect) Environmental Impact of ICT

2


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Background of TR 62726 Environmental Impact of ICT

Title: Work 2: Quantification methodology of CO2e emission reduction for electrical and electronic products and systems (EE products) from the project baseline

Background

EE industry will increase its own GHG emission in the future but more contribute to curb the emission in other sectors (power grid, transport, house/building, telework, etc)

Necessity

  • EE sector needs to quantify and communicate its contribution to society through their products and systems in terms of their CO2e reduction amount compared to the baseline (without the products and services) , for proactive marketing, branding, of EE products having superb energy efficiency.

  • Current Int. Standards (e.g. ISO 14064-2) provides a framework but too generic to apply to EE products

Proposal

IEC TC 111 to start work on the EE sector's quantification methodology applicable to its products for evaluating the amount of reduction/suppression from the baseline.


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Relation to Existing Std. – Environmental Impact of ICT TR 62726

Issued

GHG Protocol for Project Accounting standard

WBCSD/WRI

GHG Protocol

ISO TC207 SC7 GHG Management

ISO 14064 Part-2 : Specification with guidance at the project level for quantification,

monitoring and reporting of GHG emission reductions or removal enhancements

project baseline

Issued

Reference / Sector specific

IEC TC111

Issue (Target)

Schedule:

2012

TR 62726

Quantification Methodology of greenhouse gas emission

(CO2e) reductions for “EE products & service” from the

project baseline

Liaison

Subject

GHG Assessment methodology for

“EE products and service sector”

  • Methodology for

    “transparency”

  • Evaluation for Carbon

    reduction and/or Energy

    saving potential by

    introduce of Low-carbon

    technology into market

Political

Framework

UNFCCC Post Kyoto Framework

MRV (Monitoring, reporting,

and verification) scheme in each countries

(a)Guidance document - Quantification methodology applicable to a project intended to reduce or suppress GHG emissions(CO2e)for evaluating from baseline.

Liaison

ICT Sector specific

ITU-T

SG-5

Issue (Target)

Schedule:

2011

IEC Product TCs


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Eligibility Environmental Impact of ICT

Project Implementation & GHG emissions reduction

Baseline

Scenario

Project boundary

Project

Implementation

Evaluation Tools

EE products amount

of supply to the market

will increase ・・・

Additionality

・Products specific

・Performance

standard

・Barrier Analysis

GHG emissions

reduction

from project

baseline

CO2e emissions

Estimation of

emissions reduction

Reporting &

Verification

Evaluation Tools

Current

BAU

Baseline

Energy Efficient Products

or Alternative Technology

/Products(Low-carbon)

Methodology

of Monitoring


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Schedule Environmental Impact of ICT

3


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Projected timeline – TR 62725 / TR 62726 Environmental Impact of ICT


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Next Steps Environmental Impact of ICT


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Contact Environmental Impact of ICT

Thank you for your attention

Dr. Yoshiaki ICHIKAWA

IEC TC 111 Chair

Hitachi, Ltd.

Mail : [email protected]

Mr. Kiyoshi SAITO

IEC TC 111 WG4 Convenor

Japan Electrical Manufacturers' Association


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