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Smarter Accessibility Technical Standards Phill Jenkins IBM Research Human Ability & Accessibility Center April 2011. About the U.S. Access Board. 25 board members : 13 Public members appointed by the President to four year terms 12 Federal members: Justice GSA Interior Labor Defense
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25 board members:
13 Public members appointed by the President to four year terms
12 Federal members:
Housing and Urban Development
Post Office (USPS)
Health and Human Services
Independent Federal Agency
$7.3 million budget
Rule making in progress
Emergency Transportable Housing
Outdoor Developed Areas
Shared Use Paths
Public Rights of Way
Medical Diagnostic Equipment
Information & Communications Technologies (ICT)
Self-Service Transaction Machines
ABA: Architectural Barriers Act of 1968
ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
Telecommunications Act of 1996 (Section 255)
Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998 (Section 508)
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010
Technical assistance and training
Compliance and enforcementU.S. Access Board programs
Section 508 standards for electronic and information technology (procured by Federal agencies)
Section 255 guidelines for telecommunications
Advisory Committee (TEITAC) report
April 3, 2008
Advance notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM)
March 22, 2010
Next step – proposed rules (NPRM)ICT Accessibility Standards & Guidelines
American Association of People with Disabilities
American Council of the Blind (ACB)
American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)
Association of Assistive Technology Act Programs
Assistive Technology Industry Association (ATIA)
Canon USA, Inc.
Communication Service for the Deaf
CTIA - The Wireless Association
Hearing Loss Association of America
Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (Australia)
Information Technology Association of America
Information Technology Industry Council
Japanese Standards Association
National Association of State Chief Information Officers
National Center on Disability and Access to Education
National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
National Network of Disability and Business Technical Assistance Centers
Panasonic Corporation of North America
Paralyzed Veterans of America
SRA International, Inc.
Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Telecommunications Industry Association
The Paciello Group, LLP
Trace Research and Development Center
Usability Professionals’ Association
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Social Security Administration
WGBH National Center for Accessible Media
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) – Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
ICT Advisory Committee (TEITAC)
Participating on technical committees:
Election Assistance Commission (EAC.gov)
Consulting on Rulemakings:
National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research(NIDRR) (Department of Education)
How to Meet
Interactive – gives views by priority and technology
WCAG 1.0 (May 1999) vs WCAG 2.0 ( Dec 2008)
WCAG 1.0 Techniques
Links are active. The link takes you to the source reference documentation at the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative web site.
1.2 Time-based Media
Recommendation to watch the FCC rulemaking process on the
U.S. 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act of 2010
Many of the P1 & P2 checkpoints are incorporated into WCAG 2.0 Level A Success Criteria.
That is, the base of WCAG 2.0 (A) is significantly more comprehensive and capable in terms of enabling access to the web than WCAG 1.0 P1 was.
WCAG 2.0 was published in December 2008:
Technology in 2008:
"Accessibility Supported" means that both of these have been done and that the technology will work with browsers and assistive technologies.
This topic raises the question of how many or which assistive technologies (AT) must support a Web technology in order for that Web technology to be considered "accessibility supported".
WCAG 2.0 does not specify which or how many AT must support a Web technology in order for it to be classified as “accessibility supported”. This is a complex topic and one that varies both by environment, by language, and changes over time. There is a continued need for an international dialogue on this topic:
This question raises many possible considerations and factors that need to be take into account for each Success Criteria. Some notes to help in understanding and exploring this topic are:
'CSUN 2011', the largest annual conference on technology and persons with disabilities. Over the years, the conference has grown to almost 5,000 participants, with presenters and exhibitors representing the U.S. Federal government, all 50 states, numerous universities and industries, and over 35 foreign countries:
We will briefly cover the following sessions:
WEB-2045 Making Web Applications (WAI/ARIA) More Accessible
DHH-2003 IBM AbilityLab Digital Media Captioner and Editor
WEB-3049 HTML 5 Accessibility Panel
WEB-2040 Advancing Mobile Usability and Access for Everyone
WEB-2032 Accessible Analytics: Complex Charts, Large Datasets, and Node Diagrams