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Jeremy’s moment(s) of choice

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Think about “Those Shoes” from yesterday’s lesson. Jeremy’s moment(s) of choice . A Paradox: Tension Between Opposites The character wants this but also needs that . . Paradox Compassion vs Cruelty Belonging vs Independence Dreams vs Reality Invincibility vs Vulnerability

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  • Compassion vsCruelty
  • Belonging vsIndependence
  • Dreams vsReality
  • Invincibility vsVulnerability
  • Jealousy vsGoodwill
  • Powerless vs Powerful
  • Indifference vs Empathy
  • Hopeful vsHopelessness
  • Flexibility vsRigidity
  • Ordinary vsExtraordinary
readers understand the paradox characters hold by tracking their moments of choice

The point of today’s lesson...

Readers understand the paradox characters hold by tracking their Moments of Choice.


Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

Turn & Talk

Moment of Choice (MOC)

for released prisoner

• Pleasure vs. Pain

•Ignorance vs. Educated

• Comfort vs. Intellectual Charge


Yesterday, you looked at the paradox of Penelope or Odysseus by tracking their Moments of Choice (MOC).

+Found MOC




“Young men who are my suitors, though royal Odysseus now is dead, forbear to urge my marriage until I complete this robe – a shroud for Lord Laertes.” . . .Then in the daytime would she weave at the great web, but in the night unravel, after the torch was set. For three years she hid her craft . . .(14)

“O honored goddess of Artemis, daughter of Zeus, strike now I pray an arrow in my breast and take away my life this very instant; or let a sweeping storm bear me its windy way and cast me in the streams of restless Ocean…Even so may those who have their dwellings on Olympus blot out me, or else may I receive a shaft from fair-haired Artemis, that I may go to my dread grave seeing Odysseus still, and never gladden heart of another husband…Heaven sends me cruel dreams. Again tonight there lay beside one like him, such as he was when departed with the army. My heart was glad. I said it was no dream, but truth at last.” (250)

“Listen, you haughty suitors, who beset this house, eating and drinking everything, now my husband is long gone; no word of excuse can you suggest except your wish to marry me and win me for your wife. Well, my suitors, I offer you the mighty bow of Odysseus; and whoever with his hands shall lightliest bend the bow and shoot through all twelve axes, him I will follow . . .”(260)



“Eurymachus, if he (the beggar) shall bend it and Apollo grants his prayer, I will clothe him in a coast and tunic, give him a pointed spear, a two-edged sword, sandals for his feet, and I will send him where his heart and soul may bid him go.” (267)

“Amused, she turned to her own room again, for the wise saying of her son she laid to heart. And coming to the upper chamber with her maids, she there bewailed Odysseus, her dear husband, till on her lids sweet sleep did fall.” (267)

“My child, my soul within is dazed with wonder. I cannot speak to him, nor as a question, not look him in the face. But if this is indeed Odysseus, come at last, we certainly shall know each other better than others know, for we have signs which we two understand, signs hidden from the rest.” (286)



Hope vs. Despair


Yesterday, you looked at the paradox of Penelope or Odysseus by tracking their Moments of Choice (MOC).

+Found MOC


-Identifying Paradox


Temptation vs. Loyalty?

Stay with Calypso or go home?

Stay with Calypso and become immortal or go home to his wife that has waited so long for him.

Odysseus gives into temptation and stays with Circe for a whole year instead of trying to return home to his wife.


Unfaithful vs. Devoted

Tempt vs. Repel

Virtue vs. Vice

Righteousness vs. Wrong


Tempt vs. Repel

Odysseus is tempted by the Sirens but ties himself up to avoid going to them

Virtue vs. Vice

Odysseus is staying on Calypso’s island, against his will - longing to return to his wife and palace – when he could have immortality


Unfaithful vs. Devoted

Tempt vs. Repel

Virtue vs. Vice or

Righteousness vs. Wrong


Examine another character’s paradox from The Odyssey.


“Ah, my dear child, how came such notions in your mind? . . .No, you stay here, abiding with your own! You have no need to suffer hardship, roaming over barren sea.” p.21

The old woman swore by the gods a solemn oath (no word of this to Telemachus’ mother until the 11th or 12th day after his departure). Then she straightaway drew him wine in jars, and poured him barley into well-sewn sacks. p.21

“Dear Lady, slay me with the ruthless sword or leave me in the hall; I will not hide my story. I knew of all. I gave him what he wanted, bread and sweet wine. But he exacted from me a solemn oath t speak no word to you until 12 days were past, . . That so you might not stain your beautiful face with tears.” p. 54

Then joy and grief together seized her breast; her two eyes filled with tears, her full voice stayed; and laying her hand upon Odysseus’ chin said, “You really are Odysseus, my child, and I never knew you till I handled my master over and over.” p.245

After Odysseus clutches her throat.

“You know how steadfast, how inflexible my spirit is. I shall hold fast like stubborn rock or iron.” p.245


Examine another character’s paradox from The Odyssey.


And, if God by you subdues the lordly suitors, then I will name the women of the hall and tell you who dishonor and who are guiltless.” p.245

After the slaying of the suitors . . .

When she saw the bodies and quantity of blood, she was ready to cry aloud a the sight of the mighty deed. But Odysseus held her back and said, “Through their own wickedness they met a dismal doom. But name me now the women of the hall, and tell me who dishonor me and who are guiltless.”

“Then I will tell you child the very truth – of 56, 12 in all have gone astray.” p.281

When Eurycleia tells Penelope that Odysseus is in the hall, Penelope mocks and scorns here. Eurycleia says, “Your heart is always doubting. Come then, let me name another sign, the scar the boar dealt long ago with his white tusk. But follow me, I stake my life; if I deceive you, slay me by the vilest death.” p. 286


Select another character from The Odyssey to examine the paradox he/she holds from tracking his/her MOC. •2 – 3 examples to support•Create original paradox•Use iPads for word clarification(

You Do!