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Ggenderuli Tanasworobis ekonomikuri sakiTxebi globalizaciis pirobebSi. Aani vaSaymaZe xelmZRvaneli : asocirebuli profesori:eka sefaSvili. Ggenderisa da ekonomikis kveTis aspeqtebi globalizaciis pirobebSi. Teoriebi genderuli urTierTobis Sesaxeb

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ggenderuli tanasworobis ekonomikuri sakitxebi globalizaciis pirobebsi

Ggenderuli Tanasworobis ekonomikuri sakiTxebi globalizaciis pirobebSi

AanivaSaymaZe

xelmZRvaneli: asocirebuliprofesori:ekasefaSvili

ggenderisa da ekonomikis kvetis aspeqtebi globalizaciis pirobebsi
Ggenderisa da ekonomikis kveTis aspeqtebi globalizaciis pirobebSi

Teoriebi genderuli urTierTobis Sesaxeb

Ggenderi-sazogadoebis socialuri struqturis sabaziso ganzomileba. socialuri statusi

Ggenderi-sqesis kulturuli niRabi is rac gaxda sqesi misi socializaciis procesSi

Ggenderi Sedgeba: genderuli statusi, Sromis genderuli niSniT ganawileba, genderuli valdebuleba, seqsualobis genderuli gaazreba, genderuli pirovnuloba, genderis socialuri kontroli, genderuli gansaxiereba

genderuli kvlevebis Sedegad 224 kulturis kvleva 5 mamakaci anzadebs saWmels, 36 qali uZRveba samSeneblo saqmianobas

Ddiasaxlisis Sroma reproduqciuli saqmianobis gagrZeleba

Qqalis sammagi rolis gauTvaliswinebloba qalis ganaTlebis profesiuli zrdis SesaZleblobas amcirebs indoeTi qali mamakacis xelfasis 40 %

sabazro ekonomikis pirobebSi marCenalis funqcia qalmac SeiTavsa

Mmakroekonomikuri stabilurobis uzrunvelyofa zrdis adamianuri potencialis ganviTarebas98% dro ar rCeba

siRaribe da drois biujeti

Ddaxmarebis Semcireba-muSaobis gazrda

bavSvTa movlis gaZvireba-saxlSi darCena

aSS bavSvTa movlis gaiafeba 1%- qalTa dasaqmeba 0.38 %

Ggenderuli ekonomika qalisa da mamakacis –socialur-ekonomikuri statusis gansxvavebulobisa da Zalauflebis gavlenis gansazRvra sazogadoebaSi romelic gamyarebulia genderuli rolebiTa da urTierTobebiT

resursebis gamoyeneba da kontroli, dasaqmeba Sromis bazarze, Semosavlebis ganawileba da keTildReoba, sakuTrebis uflebebis realizacia, finansuri berketebis marTva

Gglobalizaciis seriozuli aspeqti ukavSirdeba dasqmebis sferos

Svilobili kompaniebi dabali anazRaurebiT

Ggenderuli segregacia: vertikalurierTi da igive, da horizontaluri sxvadasxva profesiis jgufebSi

Gglobalizaciis dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mxareebi, Tu mimarTuli iqneba socialuri Tanasworobis da mosaxleobis keTildReobis zrdisken dadebit Sedegs moitans

vaWrobis liberalizacia qalis iafi Sroma

Eeqsportis warmoebis zonaSi momusave 70-90 % qalia

Pjam rajputi: ek. Globalizaciis Sedegad erTi muWa adamianebi piramidis TavSia moqceuli xolo milionobiT ZirSi maTi umetesoba ki qalia

58 kerZo kompaniaSi saerTod ar arian qali menejerebi, 99.6 fulis birJis direqtorebi mamakacebi arian 445 ekonomisti mamakaci maRali karieris mqonea 5% qali ekonomistia mxolod warmatebuli

termini ekonomikuri damoukidebloba-sxvadasxva gageba

aRmosavleT evropis qveynebSi datvirTva 70 saaTi saSualod xolo dasavleT evropaSi 55sT

Mmigraciaormagi standartis principi, aralegalebi trefikingi, aunazRaurebeli Sroma

migrantTa48.7% qlia 51.3% mamakaci

slide3
Sromis bazari

Sromis bazris ZiriTadi damaxasiaTebeli tendenciebia:

Ggenderuli segregacia Sromis bazarze

qalTa samuSao Zalis naklebkonkurentunarianoba

Oormagi datvirTva

drois biujetis siRaribe

Pprofesionaluri zrdis naklebi SesaZleblobebi

Qqalebi mTeli msoflio sakuTrebis mxolod erT measeds floben,

dasaqmeba da siraribe
dasaqmeba da siRaribe
  • socialuri momsaxurebebis Semcirebis xarjze gazrdilma saeqsportod momgebianma warmoebam gamoiwvia is rom gaizarda qalebis Sroma dabalanazRairebad dargebSi, gansakuTrebiT soflis meurneobaSi maSin rodesac Sesabimisad Semcirda qalTa xelmisawvdomoba socialur momsaxurobaze.
  • Mmag. Mmeqsikuri eqsportis gadamamuSavebeli zonebis, e.w. makiladorebis gamocdileba, romlebic erTgvari “Tavisufali savaWro zonebia meqsikis teritoriaze, sadac mravali mqsikelia dasaqmebuli, gansakuTrebiT qalebi, amJamad meqsika –amerikis sazRvarezre 4 000 mde makiladoris qarxana-fabrikaa ganlagebuli, erTi milioni adamiani muSaobs. Mmsxvili amerikuli kompaniebi aiZuleben qalebs orsulobis testi Caitaron samsaxurSi misaRebad, SeiniSneba fexmZimobis gamo samsaxuridan daTxovnis, daqveiTebis da xelfasis daklebis SemTxvevebi.(laSaun r. jefersoni “movuwodoT amerikul kompaniebs sqesobrivi diskriminaciis Sewyvetisken”)
  • siRaribis feminizacia damaxasiaTebelia globalizaciisTvis am tendenciis Sedegad janmrTelobisa da ganaTlebis sfero nakleb xelmisawvdomi xdba qalebisTvis da irRveva maTi socialuri uflebebi
migracia
migracia
  • Gglobalizaciis procesma gavlena moaxdina dasaqmebis struqturaze saerTaSoriso bazarze imata moTxovnam qalis Sromaze ,rogorc iaffasian samuSao Zalaze amitom mniSvnelovnad gaizarda qalTa raodenoba da wili SromiT emigraciaSi.
  • SromiT migrantTa genderuli struqtura naTlad gviCvenebs qalTa da mamakacTa xvedriTi wilis gaTanabrebas am procesebSi. SromiT migrantTa 48.7% qalia xolo 51.3% mamakaci, aman gamoiwvia iseTi arasaxarbielo tendenciebis ganviTareba sazogadoebaSi, rogoricaa: ojaxuri tradiciebis rRvevis procesi, Zaladoba, qalTa SromiTi uflebeebis darRvevis zrda da trefikingis gavrceleba saqarTveloSi.
  • saqarTvelodan qalTa ZiriTadi nakadi gaedineba saberZneTSi /24,3%/, germaniaSi /23,5%/, aSS-sa da ruseTSi /14,3%/. qveynebis mixedviT mTel nakadSi maTi wili metad gansxvavebulia.
trefikingi
trefikingi
  • Mmzardi ekonomikuri uTanasworoba, romelsac gansakuTrebiT uaryofiTi gavlena aqvs gogonebsa da qalebze, iwvevs ukiduresad Rataki gogonebisa da qalebis motivacias gaakeTon yvelaferi gadarCenisTvis, saerTaSoriso bazarze qalebi da bavSvebi iyidebian raTa daakmayofilon moTxovnileba seqsualuri momsaxurebis da monuri, uiafesi Sromis bazarze.
  • Ggaeros monacemebiT adamianebiT vaWrobis globaluri industria yovelwliurad 5-7 miliard amerikuli dolaris mogebas iZleva weliwadSi sul mcire 700 000 adamianis damonebis xarjze.(p. arlaCi “msoflio danaSaulis winaaRmdeg”)
ggenderuli biujeti
Ggenderuli biujeti
  • Tu saxelmwifo biujetis analizi genderuli Tanasworobis aspeqtiT moxdeba, xarjebi ganiszaRvreba qalisTvis da mamakacisTvis misi mniSvnelobis mixedviT, is gaxdeba ekonomikuri politikis ganxorcielebis berketi
  • Mmizezebi: pekinis 1995wlis konferenciaqveynis mtvrobebis mier qalze da mamakacze biujetis gavlenis gamokvleva
  • 2000 wlis seqtemberSi 191 qveynis warmomadgenlobam gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciaSi miiRes aTaswleulis deklaracia 8 mizani
  • 1Uukiduresi siRaribisa da SimSilis armofxvra,
  • 2Uuniversaluri pirveladi ganaTlebis miRweva
  • 3 genderuli Tanasworobis xelSewyoba da qalTa uflebamosilebis gaZliereba
  • 4 Cvil bavSvTa sikvdilianobis Semcireba
  • 5 dedaTa janmrTelobis gaumjebeseba
  • 6 Sidsis da sxva daavadebebis winaaRmdg brZola
  • 7 mdgradi ekologiuri garemos dacva
  • 8 ganviTarebisTvis globaluri partniorobis gazRrmaveba
  • Nneoliberaluri politika qalTa Sroma mdidarTa ojaxSi
  • safinanso-savaluto krizisebi
  • Ggenderuli biujeti
  • 1. zrdis mTavrobis politikis efeqtianobas
  • 2. xels uwyobs demokratiuli procesebis progress
  • 3. aZlierebs xelisuflebis pasuxismgeblobas
  • 4.Aamcirebs korufcias
  • 5. amcirebs qalTa winaaRmdeg yvela saxis diskriminacias
  • 6. aZlierebs samoqalaqo sazogadoebas
  • 7. zrdis sazogadoebis iniciativas
  • 8. inergeba genderulad mgrZnobiare monacemebi korufciasa da diskriminaciis winaaRmdeg brZolaSi
  • 9. Raribi fenebis saWiroebebis dasakmayofileblad –igi aZlierebs sazogadoebisa da mTavrobis urTierTpasuxismgeblobas.
ggenderuli strategia saqartvelosi
Ggenderuli strategia saqarTveloSi
  • Ggenderuli Tanasworobis meqanizmebi:
  • aRmasrulebel StoSi –genderuli Tanasworobis samTavrobo komisia
  • sakanonmdeblo StoSi-genderuli Tanasworobis saparlamento sabWo
  • Mmizani: genderuli Tanasworobis principis gatareba saxelmwifo politikaSi , specialuri programebis SemuSaveba ganxorcieleba gaeros saagentoebis daxmarebiT(gaeros ganviTarebis fondi qalTaTvis UNIFEM , gaeros ganviTarebis programa UNDP, gaeros mosaxleobis fondiUUNDP)
  • muSavdeba genderuli strategia romelic Sedgeba genderuli Tanasworobis koncefciis, romelic damtkicda 2006w-is 24 ivliss, samoqmedo gegmasa da monitoringis meqanizmebis Sesaxeb sarekomendacio paketisagan, romelic damuSavebis procesSia.
  • saqarTvelos saxelmwifos finansuri politika amJamad aris genderulad “neitraluri”saxelmwifo biujetis Semosavlebisa da xarjebis dagegmva unda iTvaliswinebdes genderuli parametrebisa da Tanamedrove socialuri midgomebis gamoyenebas sabiujeto procesebSi, rac xels Seuwyobs sxvadasxva socialuri jgufis moTxovnebisa da interesebis ganxorcielebas saxelmwifo safinanso politikis gziT.

Ggabatonebuli jgufebi rCebian privilegirebulni imutom rom isini Tavadve weren kanonebs (barbara reskini)

saqartvelo miuertda semdeg saertasoriso aqtebs
saqarTvelo miuerTda Semdeg saerTaSoriso aqtebs
  • Aadamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaracia,
  • samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis saerTaSoriso aqti
  • Kkonvencia qalTa mimarT yvela formis diskriminaciis aRmofxvris Sesaxeb
  • Aadamianis uflebaTa da TavisublebaTa dacvis evropuli konvencia
  • Ppekinis deklaracia da samoqmedo platforma
  • gaerT. Erebis org. uSiSroebis sabWos 1325 rezolucia
  • aTaswleulis ganviTarebis miznebi
  • Sromis saerTaSoriso organizaciis konvenciebi