azrovnebis ekonomikuri gza n.
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  1. azrovnebisekonomikuri gza gurjaani, 2005 wlis 28 oqtomberi gia jandieri axali ekonomikuri skola - saqarTvelo

  2. motivacia “sakuTar sadils, xorcis an funTuSis gamyidvelis, an ludismxarSavis keTili ganwyobis gamo ki ar velodebiT, aramed maT mier sakuTari interesebis ganxorcielebis gamo.” Adam Smith (The Wealth of Nations)

  3. “uxilavi xeli”Adam Smith,The Wealth of Nations…(1776) “is mxolod sakuTari sargeblis miRebas gulisxmobs, da am SemTxvevaSi, iseve rogorc umravles sxva SemTxvevaSi, igi marTuli iqneba uxilavi xeliT, iseTi Sedegis misaRwevad, romelic misi Canafiqris nawilsac ki ar warmoadgenda” “…and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention.”Book IV, Chapter 2

  4. TanamSromloba urTierTSeguebiT – pol heine nebayoflobiTi TanamSromloba – l. fon mizesi spontanuri TanamSromloba– f. a. haieki

  5. Sromis danawileba(isevdaisev, adam smiTi) • amcirebs warmoebis danaxarjebs • aumjobesebs saqonlis xarisxs • xels uwyobs specializacias da Sromis bazris ganviTarebas • exmareba adamians ipovos misi Sesaferisi da momgebiani roli sazogadoebaSi – aRmoaCinos Tavisi SedarebiTi upiratesoba • magaliTi “me fanqari” (“I Pencil”, Leonard Reed)

  6. alternatiuli Rirebuleba (danaxarji) alternatiuli Rirebuleba = finansuri Rirebuleba + danakargi an: alternatiuli Rirebuleba = dakarguli SesaZleblobebis finansuri Rirebuleba magaliTi: samxedro samsaxuris danaxarjebi (“The Economic Way of Thinking”, Paul Heyne)

  7. elastiuroba elastiuri moTxovna – saqonelze, romlis fasi swrafad izrdeba, Tu miwodeba mcirdeba (da piriqiT) araelastiuri moTxovna – saqonelze, romlis fasi miwodebis Semcirebis dros nela izrdeba (an piriqiT) magaliTi: gadasaxadebi

  8. fasi finansuri fasi = finansuri xarjebi + mogeba(K.Marx) sabazro fasi = • konkurentis fasi – 1, an • Semcvlelis umciresi fasi, an myidvelis subieqturi Sefaseba

  9. fasis mTavari funqciebi • mwarmoeblebis, gamyidvelebisa da myidvelebis informireba • bazris koordinacia • mxardaWerisaTvis xmis micema • werili konkurents

  10. konkurencia saqonlis miwodebis zrdis dros fasi mcirdeba da xarisxi umjobesdeba. saqonlis miwodebis Semcirebis dros fasi izrdeba da xarisxi uaresdeba. Tu mTavroba ar areva! am SemTxvevaSi fasic izrdeba, danakargebic da xarisxic!!!

  11. monopoliebi 1) es is struqturebia, romelTa saqonels ar gaaCnia Semcvleli 2) an isini, visac mTavroba uflebas aZlevs isargeblos privilegiebiT da gansakuTrebuli pirobebiT magaliTebi: • rkinigza?1) ara2) ki • eleqtromomarageba?igive?

  12. saxelmwifo seqtori saxelmwifo seqtoris funqciebi – saqoneli da momsaxureba: • koleqtiuri moxmarebisaTvis, da • romelTa ufaso moxmarebis aRmofxvra SeuZlebelia an Zalian Zviria mTavroba saWiroa, raTa gaiafdes koleqtiuri gadawyvetilebis miReba

  13. saxelmwifos “problemuri funqciebi” • fulis beWdva • pensiebi • samedicino momsaxureba • ganaTleba • warmoeba • dasaqmeba

  14. gansxvaveba “bazari – nebayoflobiTi TanamSromlobaa”(l. fon mizesi) “saxelmwifo – es organizaciaa, sadac yvela sxvis xarjze cdilobs icxovros” (f. bastia) “rodesac vaWroba kanonmdeblobiT regulirdeba, pirveli rac unda iyido - TviT kanonmdebelia” (fi jei o’rurqi) h. hazliTi “...xidebis mSenebloba sadac: SeiZleba, da ara, sadacsaWiroa...”

  15. da isev motivaciis Sesaxeb • ar aris moTxovna, ar aris mogeba • ar aris mogeba, ar aris motivacia • ar aris motivacia, ar aris warmoeba • ar aris warmoeba... moTxovna izrdeba • da Semdeg yvelaferi Tavidan – yvelaferi urTierTkavSirSia Tu ar arsebobs moTxovna, bizness adgili ar aqvs! magaliTi: ganaTleba

  16. mTavari principi: ar Rirs imis keTeba, rasac meti danaxarji moaqvs, vidre sargebeli! racionaluri adamiani yovelTvis adarebs: - zRvrul danaxarjs da - zRvrul sargebels: magaliTi: arCevnebi

  17. Tomas soueli • ekonomistebis pirveli gakveTili: resursebis SezRuduloba… • politikosTa pirveli gakveTili – daiviwye ekonomistTa pirveli gakveTili!

  18. rCeva waikiTxoT: “Экономический Образ Мышления”, Пол Хейне “The Economic Way of Thinking”; Paul Heyne “Азбука Экономики”, Джеимс Гвартни “Common Sense Economics”, James Gwartney “Economics In One Lesson”, Henry Hazlitt “Закон”, Ф. Бастиа

  19. madloba yuradRebisaTvis!!! e-mail: gjandieri@gmail.com