Citizenship in the new nation
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Citizenship in the New Nation. Changing Attitudes toward African Americans. Call to end to slavery following Revolution Result of the freeing of slaves who fought in the war 1775-first antislavery societies were founded Benjamin Rush (signer) and Anthony Benezet (Protestant leader)

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Changing attitudes toward african americans
Changing Attitudes toward African Americans

  • Call to end to slavery following Revolution

    • Result of the freeing of slaves who fought in the war

  • 1775-first antislavery societies were founded

    • Benjamin Rush (signer) and Anthony Benezet(Protestant leader)

  • Small steps taken to ban slavery

    • States passed laws which made emancipating their slaves easier for slaveholders

  • Congress banned slavery in the Northwest Territory


Free blacks
Free Blacks

  • U.S. had a sizable population of free blacks

  • Could be granted freedom, buy freedom or run away

  • Lived in rural areas and worked in agriculture

  • Faced limited opportunities (no right to vote, considered inferior)

  • Paul Cuffe (Boston shipper)

    • Bring free blacks back to Africa

    • Plans were impractical


Slavery and the constitution
Slavery and the Constitution

  • 1787 delegates met to write the Constitution

  • Question of slavery arose

  • The Constitution did not ban the import of new slaves

  • Three-Fifths Compromise stated that every 5 slaves would be counted as 3 people for purposes of a state’s representation in Congress (State’s representation was determined by population)