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Time Use Survey in India. Presented by: Pratima Gupta Assistant Director CBHI, Dte. GHS, MoHFW. Time Use Survey. The data collected using time-use approach provide comprehensive description of lifestyle of individuals, in terms of how they spend their time in different human activities.

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time use survey in india

Time Use Survey in India

Presented by:

Pratima Gupta

Assistant Director


time use survey
Time Use Survey
  • The data collected using time-use approach provide comprehensive description of lifestyle of individuals, in terms of how they spend their time in different human activities.
  • Time-use statistics essentially comprise of Data on time spent by individuals–
    • On all forms of remunerated and unremunerated ‘economic work’
    • On work not considered ‘economic’ and
    • Other human activities.
tus earlier attempts in india
TUS – Earlier Attempts in India
  • The initial efforts of conducting time use survey in India, go back to as early as 1970s
  • In 1983, the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) conducted a time-allocation study on a sub-sample of Employment and Unemployment Survey conducted in the 38th Round (1983) of the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).
  • A pilot survey on time-use was also conducted by the Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Government of Tamil Nadu during 1996.
tus in 1998
TUS in 1998
  • The Central Statistical Organisation (CSO), Government of India, conducted a Time Use Survey in 1998-1999
  • It was a pilot survey and was conducted in six states viz., Kerala, Meghalaya, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Gujarat.
  • In this survey, fairly detailed data were collected on time spent on non-market productive activities, particularly the extended SNA activities, and on purely non-economic activities, besides economic activities.
TUS in 1998 – 1999 was mainly conducted with a view :-

To assess the contribution of the women & men in the national economy through unpaid household work

To study the gender discrimination in household activities

As -

Household unpaid work - unaccounted & unrecognized

Mostly performed by women

time use survey 1998 1999
Time Use Survey 1998-1999
  • About 18600 households spread over six States ( Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya) were covered
  • The data was collected from each member of the selected household aged 6 years and above about the activities he/ she has done during last 24 hours
The days in a week were categorized as normal, weekly variant and abnormal

The entire survey was spread over four sub-rounds of three months each to take care of the effect of seasonality

The tables generated give the weekly average time spent in different types of activities according to various background characteristics like age, sex, place of residence, level of education, economic activity status


To capture the individual response on the time use pattern

All the activities to be categorized into activities pertaining to System of National Accounts (SNA), Extended SNA and Non-SNA.

A new classification was developed for that survey

The activities were grouped into following categories:

SNA ( Productive and Economic) Activities

I. Primary production activities

II. Secondary activities

III. Trade, business and services

Extended SNA Activities

IV. Household maintenance, management and shopping for own households

V. Care for children, the sick, elderly and disabled for own household

VI. Community services and help to other households

Non-SNA Activities

VII. Learning

VIII.Social and cultural activities, mass media etc.

IX.Personal care and self maintenance