Visible Thinking: a framework for reflective practice DEN 2013 Santa Sabina College Catherine Arends Ravenswood School for Girls. Visible Thinking.
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Focuses on the interconnection between dispositions and overall classroom culture
Within a culture of thinking, students experience school as a place where thinking is valued and given time, rich opportunities for thinking abound in their day-to-day classroom experience, models of thinking are present in the form of seeing teachers and peers as fellow thinkers, and the environment is full with the documentation of thinking.
"what kinds of thinking do you value and want to promote in your classroom?"
See Think Wonder
What makes you
Year 11 Ancient History and the 18th century image of the Forum
Routines engage in complex thinking
Routines can be used by the group or by the individual
Differentiation is automatic: thinking routines provide an entry point for students of all abilities:
Evidence that students are thinking well?
Thinking routines can be helpful in avoiding rapid fire questioning that rewards the same students who can answer quickly
Many Thinking routines encourage students to frame their own questions. When students frame their own questions they often come up with more ideas than I would have expected, different angles of thinking to me
Me, You, Space, and Time.
This protocol can be used for both individual reflection as well as group discussion. In a study group, individuals might come to the group having spent a few minutes reflecting on and gathering evidence for each of the four areas. Within the study group, individuals can pair up and use the four areas as a structure for sharing what is happening in their classroom. From time-to-time, the group might brainstorm strategies for addressing each of the four areas and for getting a broader sense of what is happening at the whole-school level.