Russian Revolution. Background notes For Animal Farm. Pre-Revolution. The Monarchy. Monarchy. Czar Nicholas II Tsar, Caesar, Kaiser Ruler with absolute power Took throne at age 26 Alexander III died of kidney disease at age 49 Somewhat inept as ruler
Czar Nicholas with his wife, Alexandra; his four daughters, Maria, Olga, Tatiana and Anastasia; and his son Alexei
Later, two bodies were missing from the basement where the Romanovs were killed.
Rumors spread that the princess Anastasia had escaped.
DNA evidence proves that to be untrue – two additional Romanov bodies were found in the nearby woods.
Stalin (meaning steel)
Josef Stalin Francisco Franko Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler
Totalitarianism: Government with strong central rule, that controls individuals by coercion and repression