Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ELECTRONIC PLATFORMS FOR E-LEARNING PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ELECTRONIC PLATFORMS FOR E-LEARNING

ELECTRONIC PLATFORMS FOR E-LEARNING

169 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

ELECTRONIC PLATFORMS FOR E-LEARNING

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Technical University of Cluj Napoca ELECTRONIC PLATFORMS FOR E-LEARNING Laura Grindei, Aurel Vlaicu, Bogdan Orza Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  2. CONTENTS Introduction to e-Learning E-Learning professional platforms On-line courses design Interactive multimedia applications design On-line evaluation strategies Conclusions and future developments SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  3. Distance courses Video conference radio/TV Internet(eLearning) mail 1. Introduction to e-Learning Continuous and distance education Continuous education (CE):also known as life long learning and comprises all the education activities that aim knowledge, skills and competencies enhancement, from personal, social, civic and/or employment capability point of view Distance education (DE):comprises various study forms, that do not take place under professors surveillance in class rooms, but that benefit of plans, guidance and assistance of an organization or an educational institution. DE types: SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  4. 1. Introduction to e-Learning DEFINITIONS • E-Learning:planned experience of teaching/learning offered by an educational institution, DE type that gives educational materials in sequential and logical order in order to be assimilated by students in their own manner. • Characteristics • Accessibility on Internet always, from everywhere • Educational materials having interactive multimedia format • Interaction and collaboration between students and tutor • On-line monitoring and administration • Technologies • Synchronous(participant oriented):chat, video conferences, whiteboard • Asynchronous(computer oriented):www, email, FTP, newsgroup SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  5. DIDACTIC SCRIPT COMPUTER 1. Introduction to e-Learning EDUCATIONAL SCENARIO FOR E-LEARNING P R A C T I C E T H E O R Y SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  6. browser browser email Course administrator forum browser Tutor 1. Introduction to e-Learning MODELS Database Content Web page 1. Individual Interactive presentations Content management WebServer Internet Audio-video Agenda 2.With communication facilities 3.Advanced AV streaming Communication server SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  7. Administrator Student Tutor 1. Introduction to e-Learning USERS Evaluation of results recording eLearning assistance, evaluation SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  8. 1. Introduction to e-Learning Advantages Disadvantages • Online accessibility 24h a day/ 7 days a week • Personalized learning systems • Various pedagogical methods • On-line administration • Less study time • Low cost distribution and maintenance • Asynchronousand synchronous interactions • Dynamic and interactive technologies • Relatively high abandon rate, if the students are not motivated enough • Students need experience in computer handling • High design costs Conclusion:E-learning does not substitute the traditional classes Improvements  more attractive, dynamic, flexible, interactive and efficient education. SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  9. 1. Introduction to e-Learning Designing e-learning platforms (ELP) ELP:the ensemble of programs and equipments that facilitates content& resource distribution and management, as well as collaboration for on- line courses ELP designing stages: • Learning needs: analyze and definition • Design and implementation • Platform launch on Internet • Platform evaluation Necessary knowledge for ELP development: • pedagogy • programming • information security • standardization SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  10. Server User Producer hosting Hardware Software Connection Internet PC Browser, media player Average speed Multimedia PC Software-content design Average speed Web server software High speed 1. Introduction to e-Learning Designing e-learning platforms (ELP) Access Design Components for ELP design and functionalities SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  11. AICC IMS ARIADNE CLEO Learning Federation IEEE ISO CEN/ISS ADL ALIC Specification consortium Labs market testing Standardization bodies Concepts specifications reference models standards 1. Introduction to e-Learning E-LEARNING STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS De facto standards voluntary usage SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  12. 1. Introduction to e-Learning E-learning standards and specifications • Ensure: • Interoperability– ELP may be used on other hardware – software configurations as well • Re-usage – teaching objects and resources can be used with various programs/ settings/ profiles for various clients • Management – information on content and users • Accesibility – quick access to platform and content • Durability – ensures periodical update of the content • Scalability– capability to extend the courses for other fields and other types of users SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  13. 1. Introduction to e-Learning ELP USAGE IN ROMANIA • Institutions that regulate DE and CE: • MEC – H.G. 1011/2001 – Standards for DE • CNFIS – regulations regarding permanent education • CNFPA – regulations regarding professional adults formation providers authorization . Companies offering support for ELP design and development: • Timsoft, Siveco, Sofwin, Expert Learning System, Comsys, Learning Systems, QCT Connect, Media eLearning, Data Business Center, Academia On-line, etc. • ELPs offered by universities: • University of Bucharest, Technical University of Timisoara, Transylvania University of Brasov, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Gh. Asachi University of Iasi and UBB Cluj Napoca. • Portals offering online education: • SEI, Timsoft, Forum, ScoalaOnline, Training.ro, etc. SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  14. audio conferences Chat distributed applications Email A presentations video conference Forum web synchronized tour Whiteboard 2.Professional E-learning platforms Accessing tools Media players and viewers Web browsers Client applications online meetings pools SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  15. Virtual University LCMS LMS Web server software Server operating system Server hardware VIRTUAL UNIVERSITY Web servers Store web pages/ ELP component files that may be displayed by users in browsers. Ensure PeL’s distribution over the network under a tutor’s surveillance LCMS LMS Ensure courses and students administration and management Ensure assembling and providing new courses from reusable modules Multimedia server Facilitates the efficient use of the multimedia files over the network 2.Professional E-learning platforms Distribution tools SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  16. 2.Professional E-learning platforms PROFESSIONAL ELP EXAMPLES IBM LOTUS LMS SOLUTION BLACKBOARD ACADEMIC SUITE E-LEARNING AELPLATFORM E-LEARNING IeLPLATFORM SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  17. Educational activities management module • Administration system: interfaces set for users administration • Educational content management system:educational materials administration for each course • Online evaluation system: students online evaluation interfaces • Agenda:interfaces for grouping activities Communication module • Forum:dedicated for each group of users • Chat:dedicated for users from the same group (public/ private) • Whiteboard:having various security and accessibility levels 2.Professional E-learning platforms IeL PLATFORM SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  18. Public pages virtual universitystructure Online subscription available courses online evaluation Users backup Private pages Communication course materials other component Active courses Course quality evaluation 2.Professional E-learning platforms IeL PLATFORM SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  19. Management q Reports q Administrator Professor Student Tutor View data from View educational m Insert educational q q q courses/ materials materials students Communication with tutors Reports from the tutor q q List of activities Individual statistics Validation of educational q q q A genda Agenda activities q q Course agenda q 2.Professional E-learning platforms IeL PLATFORM SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  20. 3.Online courses design Design stages • Establishing course content and dividing it into modules and units (chapters, lessons). • Selecting the data presentation media (text, audio or video) and the formats. • Establishing what platforms and software will be used to distribute the online courses • Establishing online activities (exercises, problems, practice and projects). • Testing and evaluating the course content by professionals. • Elaborating an activity guide and/or a study guide for students: that shows how to utilize it, to realize the practical activities and the online activities. • Making online evaluation tests (as surveys, multiple answers). • Publishing the courses on the web site or on LMS SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  21. 3.Online courses design PROFESSIONAL TOOLS 1. Course Authoring Tools TRAINERSOFT 8 MACROMEDIA 7 AUTHORWARE WEB COURSE BUILDER LECTORA INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  22. 3.Online courses design PROFESSIONAL TOOLS 2. Web Authoring Tools MACROMEDIA DREAMWEAVER MX MICROSOFT FRONT PAGE 3. Multimedia files editing tools (animation) MACROMEDIA FLASH MACROMEDIA DIRECTOR SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  23. 3.Online courses design PROFESSIONAL TOOLS 3. Multimedia files editing tools(video) MICROSOFT MOVIEMAKER ADOBE PREMIERE MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES INTEGRATION Tools for: • Content conversion in web format • Database and dynamic web pages creation • Equations editing in web format • Creating real timedynamic charts SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  24. SERVER CLIENT MySQL request MySQL Client process MySQL server process MySQL answer Network 3.Online courses design Databases DYNAMIC WEB PAGES DESIGN Client – server architecture SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  25. Web server Request Browser Script Interpreter CLIENT Answer database SERVER 3.Online courses design DYNAMIC WEB PAGES DESIGN MySQL and PHP SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  26. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM online courses implementation Integrated educational materials • Presentations:tutorials, documentation • Theoretical applications and virtual labs • On-line self evaluation testsand final evaluation tests (different formats) Developed and integrated components • Graphic interfaces (Macromedia Dreamweaver MX, Microsoft PPT, Adobe Photoshop, Macromedia Flash and GIF Animator, CSS) • Browser menus (PHP and Java Script) • Dynamic web pages (databases: MySQL, PHP): glossary of terms, virtual library, on line final testing) • Interactive web pages (JavaScript, Java): theoretical applications, online evaluation tests, virtual lab SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  27. 3.Online courses design ELECTRONIC COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN – Phare Multicountry Programme for DE – designed by T.U. Sofia – Professor Elena Shoikova

  28. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM courses implementation The Theory of Electromagnetic Field online course Course content Lesson 1 – module 1 tutorial SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  29. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM courses implementation TEF online course (The Theory of Electromagnetic Field) Study agenda – module 1 Lesson 1 - content SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  30. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM courses implementation TEF online course (The Theory of Electromagnetic Field) Glosar de termeni Biblioteca virtuală SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  31. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM courses implementation CEM (ElectroMagnetic Compatibility) online course Assistance Student guide SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  32. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM courses implementation CEMonline course(Electromagnetic Compatibility) Module 1 - objectives Chapter 1, module 1 - tutorial SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  33. 3.Online courses design TEF and CEM courses implementation Integrating the courses within IeL User configuringtutor for CEM course Activities configuration for the CEM Course SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  34. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design PROFESSIONAL TOOLS FOR DESIGN Dynamic multimedia applications • Animation, movies • Dynamic banners • Dynamic web pages Server side scripting languages: PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor), Perl (Practical Extraction and Report Language), ASP (Active Server Pages - Microsoft) andJSP (Java Server Pages – Sun Microsystems). Client side scripting languages:Java Script (Netscape), Jscript (Microsoft) andVBScript (Visual Basic Script- Microsoft). • Interactive multimedia application • Java Scripts, • Javaapplets, • Flash/Shockwave technologies SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  35. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design INTERACTIVEMULTIMEDIA APPLICATIONSFOR CEM AND TEF Theoretical applications for TEF course SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  36. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design Interactive multimedia applications developed for online courses Theoretical applications for the TEF course SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  37. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design Interactive multimedia applications developed for online courses Theoretical applications for CEM courses SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  38. Disadvantages • Lack of direct contact between professors and students, which sometimes leads to confusions or impossibility to finalize the activity • Labs have to be accompanied by explicit utilization guides • High complexity degree of design • High costs, long time and many efforts for implementation 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS Advantages • Essentialfor online courses in the technical domain • Useful to illustrate certain functionalities ofdevices, processes, phenomena not accessible for students in any other way • Offer means and solutions to implement interactively some practical activities that allow viewing in various conditions and hypothesis processes, devices or equipment • Reproducibility: they can be repeated several times, if necessary, by the students, without any effort from the professors or tutors • Do not need expensive lab equipment or devices

  39. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forTEF course (Electrostatic 3D) Sequence from an application usingthe “Electrostatic 3D” software(electrostatic field’s spectrum for 2 conductor surfaces situated close to a separation surface between 2 media having different material constants) Sequence of an application that usethe “Electrostatic 3D” software (3D representation of electrical field) SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  40. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forTEF course (Electrostatic 3D) Sequence of an application that useElectrostatic 3D(3D representation of electric potential) Sequence of an application that useElectrostatic 3D (electrostatic field spectrum of 2 point like charges next to a conductor surface) SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  41. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forTEF course (Maxwell –Ansoft3D) Sequence from a solved application that uses Maxwell–Ansoft 3D (equipotential surfaces) Sequence from a solved application that uses Maxwell–Ansoft 3D (electrostatic field spectrum) SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  42. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forTEF course (FEMLAB 3D) Sequence from a solved application that uses Maxwell–Ansoft 3D (electric field spectrum of 2 conductor cylinders and an insulator enclosure) Sequence from a solved application that uses Maxwell–Ansoft 3D (defining analyzed geometry) SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  43. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forTEF course (FEMLAB 3D) Sequence from a solved application that uses Maxwell–Ansoft 3D (electric field spectrum of 2 conductor cylinders ) Sequence from a solved application that usesFEMLAB 3D (electric field spectrum of 2 conductor cylinders ) SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  44. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forTEF course (FEMLAB 3D) Sequence from a solved application that usesFEMLAB 3D (electric field spectrum of 2 conductor spheres) Sequence from a solved application that usesFEMLAB 3D (field lines and equipotential surfaces) SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  45. 4.Interactive multimedia applications design VIRTUAL LABS FOR TEF AND CEM COURSES Practical applications forCEM course (Java) Window from an interactive applicationTransmission line with loss Time dependent tension, power, current charts Window from an interactive applicationTransmission line with loss Line settings, charge, Generator SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  46. 5.On-line evaluation strategies Online students’ evaluation Characteristics • ACCESIBILITY - offers information on the students’ assimilation degree. • RELIABILITY -obtained scores consistency – same test given at different time, leads to similar results. • TRANSPARENCY - students’ precise information on the evaluation process. • EFICIENCY - an efficient test suppose easy development, administration, grading and interpretation. • FLEXIBILITY - test’s capability to measure a large scale of gained knowledge and aptitudes. SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  47. 5.On-line evaluation strategies Online students’ evaluation Tests types • Tests with true/false answers • Chart type tests • Correct answer association tests • Quiz tests with several answers • Short answer tests • Essay type tests SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  48. 5.On-line evaluation strategies Tests design tools MACROMEDIA COURSE BUILDER HOT POTATOES QUIZROCKET CREATOR SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  49. 5.On-line evaluation strategies Contributions to online students’ evaluation Self evaluation tests for TEF course SOFIA, 29 November 2005

  50. 5.On-line evaluation strategies Contributions to online students’ evaluation Final evaluation tests for CEM course Quiz test configuration (IeL) SOFIA, 29 November 2005