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Unit # 2: RELATIONSHIPS MARY CASSATT LTC 4240: Art for Children Created by Mary Franco. Cassatt’s art reflects a multiplicity of RELATIONSHPS. INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS between her models communicated through gaze & expression; gesture, posture, & proximity; muted colors & soft edges
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Unit # 2: RELATIONSHIPSMARY CASSATTLTC 4240: Art for ChildrenCreated by Mary Franco
Cassatt’s art reflects a multiplicity ofRELATIONSHPS • INTERPERSONALRELATIONSHIPS between her models communicated through gaze & expression; gesture, posture, & proximity; muted colors & soft edges • COMPARATIVE RELATIONSHIPS between men’s & women’s experience of their world • STYLISTIC RELATIONSHIPS with work of other artists & cultural art traditions Mary Cassatt, “The Loge, 1882
Cassatt’s Prints reflect all of these. • Fused Japanese aesthetic with • Western printmaking techniques • Drypoint –image incised • into print plate w/ “needle” • Aquatint – print plate of • copper covered w/ powder • blocking agent; marks cut • into it w/ acid to permit • subtle color tones Mary Cassatt, “The Tub, 1891” Drypoint, Aquatint, Hand-coloring
Prints can be created in other ways! Glue Lines Fingers & hands Vegetables & fruits Styrofoam Prints String Painting
Advantages of Printmaking • Production of multiples; work in “series” • Reduction of cost per image • Wider dissemination of an image • An art form in its own right
STUDIO ACTIVITY • DESIGN PROBLEM: TSW create a series of original prints from one print plate to depict an important relationship. OPTION #1 Subtractive Cardboard Print • Make a SIMPLE drawing on corrugated cardboard that depicts an important RELATIONSHIP • Using an Exacto knife, cut through the top layer of cardboard (not too deep!) • Using a SUBTRACTIVE PROCESS, peel away desired sections of cardboard to reveal the corrugated interior.
STUDIO ACTIVITY OPTION #1 Collograph Print & Frottage • Ink the print plate w/ brayer and printing ink • Center inked plate, face down, on print paper; press down firmly so paper temporarily adheres to plate • With plate still stuck to surface of paper, turn the unit over. Use the bowl of a spoon as a “barren”. Rub in circles over the back of the print paper until sure that you have covered the entire printing area • Carefully peel the paper from the plate (“PULL THE PRINT”)
Instructor Exemplar: Subtractive Cardboard What RELATIONSHIPS do you see?
STUDIO ACTIVITY • OPTIONS #2 & #3: Additive Collograph • Cut simple shapes from thin cardboard and arrange them on a sheet of corrugated cardboard to produce the image of a RELATIONSHIP. Allow to dry for about 15 minutes. This will become your print plate. • FROTTAGE TECHNIQUE: • Place collograph, face down, on a piece of white paper • Tape in place (top & bottom edge) with masking tape • Peel desired crayons. Rub sides of crayons over surface of the paper to transfer image from the collograph plate that is tapped underneath it. • DO NOT REMOVE TAPE FROM COLLOGRAPH until you are satisfied with the rubbing.
Instructor Exemplar: Collograph & Frottage What RELATIONSHIPS do you see?
STUDIO ACTIVITY • COLLOGRAPH PRINTING TECHNIQUE: • Ink the plate with a brayer and printing ink. • Center inked plate, face down on print paper; press down firmly to temporarily adhere paper to plate. • With plate still stuck to surface of paper, turn the unit over. Use the bowl of a spoon as a “barren”. Rub in circles over the back of the print paper until sure that you have covered the entire printing area • Carefully peel the paper from the plate (“PULL THE PRINT”)
Instructor Exemplar: Additive Cardboard Collograph What RELATIONSHIPS do you see?
PRINTING REFLECTIONS: (1-2 sentences each) • Briefly describe the printing option you chose. • Briefly describe the RELATIONSHIP you depicted. • Briefly describe the artistic choices you made • Why did you choose the lines, shapes, colors textures, & space used in your picture? • How did these choices add meaning to the RELATIONSHIP you depicted? • What problems did you encounter in this studio & how did you solve them? • How might you integrate this studio activity into non-art subjects with your future students?
References Cassatt, M. (1896). [Image]. Maternal caress. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved from http://www.philamuseum.org/ collections/permanent/66441.html Cassatt, M. (1890). Mother and her child. Wikipaintings. Retrieved from http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/mary-cassatt/mother-and- child-1 Cassatt. M. (1901) [Image]. Sara with her dog. Wikipaintings.net. Retrieved from http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/mary- cassatt/sara-with-her-dog Cassatt, M. (1891). [Image]. The bath (the tub). Library of Congress. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2002719192/ Cassatt, M. (1882). [Image]. The loge. National Gallery of Art. Retrieved from http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/ggcassattptg/ ggcassattptg-46571.html