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POETRY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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POETRY. Poetic. GENRES. Poetic GENRES. To begin with, let’s remember that most poetry does NOT rhyme. Poetic GENRES. Lyric poetry. DEFINITION: highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. It creates a single, unified impression. Short.

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slide2

Poetic

GENRES

slide3

Poetic GENRES

To begin with, let’s remember that most poetry does NOT rhyme.

slide4

Poetic GENRES

Lyric poetry

DEFINITION: highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker. It creates a single, unified impression.

  • Short
  • Usually in 1st person point of view
  • Expresses emotion or describes a scene
  • Does NOT tell a story
  • No syllable requirements
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
slide5

Poetic GENRES

Acrostic poetry

DEFINITION: a poem in which the first letter of each line spells a word or phrase that is the topic of the poem.

  • Oftentimes done about a name
  • No syllable requirements
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
slide6

Poetic GENRES

Narrative/Ballad poetry

DEFINITION: a poem that tells a story in a musical way or with a musical feeling

  • Can be as long as the story requires
  • Odd-numbered lines longer than even-numbered lines
  • Even-numbered lines should rhyme
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Poetic GENRES

Epic poetry

DEFINITION: a long narrative poem about the adventures of gods or a hero. Serious in tone and broad in theme.

  • Very long
  • No syllable requirements
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
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Poetic GENRES

Concrete or Form poetry

DEFINITION: a poem with a physical shape that suggests the subject/topic. The poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create an image, or picture, on the page.

  • Length – must fit into the shape
  • No syllable requirements
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
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Poetic Genres

Free Verse

  • DEFINITION: poetry not written in a regular, rhythmical pattern, or meter. The poet is free to write lines of any length or with any number of stresses, or beats. Free verse is less constraining than other types of poetry.
        • No set length
        • Does not need a required amount of syllables
        • No rhyme scheme
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Poetic

Forms

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Poetic Forms

Haiku

DEFINITION: a Japanese poem about nature.

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Poetic Forms

Haiku

DEFINITION: a Japanese poem about nature.

  • Length – 3 lines
  • 5-7-5
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
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hAIKU

NOTE: not technically a haiku because it’s not about nature

NOTE: But that’s not the right syllables! How is it a haiku?

by Rolf Nelson

Haikus are easy

But sometimes they don’t make sense

Refrigerator

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

by Jonathan Stephens

Tell me I'm like light,

light that reflects off windows

right into your eyes

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

by Jonathan Stephens

I long for summer

Swinging in my green hammock

The oak leaves whistling

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

by Matsuo Basho

Spring rain

leaking through the roof

dripping from the wasps' nest.

2 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

6 SYLLABLES

slide14

Poetic Forms

Cinquain

DEFINITION: can be about anything

slide15

Poetic Forms

Cinquain

DEFINITION: can be about anything

  • Length – 5 lines
  • 2-4-6-8-2
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
slide16

Cinquains

“November “by Adelaide Crapsey

Listen . . .

With faint dry sound,

Like steps of passing ghosts,

The leaves, frost-crisp’d, break from the trees

And fall.

2 SYLLABLES

4 SYLLABLES

6 SYLLABLES

8 SYLLABLES

2 SYLLABLES

“Snow” by Adelaide Crapsey

Look up . . .

From bleak’ning hills

Blows down the light, first breath

Of wintry wind . . . look up, and scent

The snow!

2 SYLLABLES

4 SYLLABLES

6 SYLLABLES

8 SYLLABLES

2 SYLLABLES

“Guarded Wound” by Adelaide Crapsey

If it

Were lighter touch

Than petal of flower resting

On grass, oh still too heavy it were,

Too heavy!

2 SYLLABLES

4 SYLLABLES

8 SYLLABLES

9 SYLLABLES

3 SYLLABLES

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Poetic Forms

Tanka

DEFINITION: can be about anything

slide18

Poetic Forms

Tanka

DEFINITION: can be about anything

  • Length – 5 lines
  • 5-7-5-7-7
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
slide19

Tankas

by Margaret Chula

hazy autumn moon

the sound of chestnuts dropping

from an empty sky

I gather your belongings

into boxes for the poor

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

by Lenard D. Moore

The night is too long

A tavern just off the road

With only one car,

But the man and woman hug

To the song on the jukebox

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

by David Rice

yellow daffodils

in both our growing gardens

I worship mine most,

more than my neighbor's practice

though they look the same as mine

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

5 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

7 SYLLABLES

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Poetic Forms

Shakespearean Sonnet

DEFINITION: a type of sonnet made famous by William Shakespeare

  • Length – 14 lines
  • 10 syllables per line
  • Rhyme scheme:

A

B

A

B

C

D

C

D

G

G

E

F

E

F

slide21

Romeo & Juliet

the

Prologue

slide22

Shakespearean Sonnet

A

B

A

B

C

D

C

D

E

F

E

F

G

G

Two households, both alike in DIGNITY

(In fair Verona, where we lay our SCENE),

From ancient grudge break to new MUTINY,

Where civil blood makes civil hands UNCLEAN.

From forth the fatal loins of these two FOES

A pair of star-crossed lovers take their LIFE;

Whose misadventured piteous OVERTHROWS

Doth with their death bury their parents’ STRIFE.

The fearful passage of their death-marked LOVE

And the continuance of their parents’ RAGE,

Which, but their children’s end, naught could REMOVE

Is now the two hours’ traffic of our STAGE;

The which, if you with patient ears ATTEND,

What hear shall miss, our toil shall strive to MEND.

slide23

Shakespearean Sonnet

A

B

A

B

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Two households, both alike in DIGNITY

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

(In fair Verona, where we lay our SCENE),

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

From ancient grudge break to new MUTINY,

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Where civil blood makes civil hands UNCLEAN.

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Poetic Forms

Limerick

DEFINITION: a humorous, musical-feeling poem that oftentimes makes fun of or tells a story about a specific person.

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Poetic Forms

Limerick

DEFINITION: a humorous, musical-feeling poem that oftentimes makes fun of or tells a story about a specific person.

  • Length – 5 lines
  • 3 beats – 3 beats – 2 beats – 2 beats – 3 beats
  • Rhyme scheme: A-A-B-B-A
slide27

LImerick

There once was a Thingamajig

Like a Whatsis, but three times as big.

When it first came in view,

It looked something like you

But it stayed and turned into a pig.

slide28

LImerick

There was a young fellow who thought

Very little, but thought it a lot.

Then at long last he knew

What he wanted to do,

But before he could start, he forgot.

slide29

LImerick

There once was an ape in a zoo

Who looked out through the bars and saw YOU!

Do you think that it’s fair

To give poor apes a scare?

I think it’s a mean thing to do.

slide30

LImerick

I've been studying all night and I'm tired,

But I can't sleep because I'm so wired.

So I'll play on the net

'Stead of going to bed,

And my tests will seem a quagmire.

slide31

Poetic Forms

Ode

DEFINITION: a formal lyric poem with a serious theme. It is usually long and may be written for a private occasion or a public ceremony. Odes often honor people, commemorate events, or respond to natural scenes.

  • Length – usually long
  • No syllable requirements
  • No rhyme scheme requirements
slide32

Ode

William Wordsworth’s “Ode Composed on a May Morning”

While from the purpling east departs

The star that led the dawn,

Blithe Flora from her couch upstarts,

For May is on the lawn.

A quickening hope, a freshening glee,

Foreran the expected Power,

Whose first-drawn breath, from bush and tree,

Shakes off that pearly shower . . .