The Growth of Judaism. Mr. Roe 6 th Grade Social Studies. Review. -You have learned about the rise of Judaism, the Exodus, and the return of the Jews to the promised land. -You have also discovered that the Chaldeans forced the Jews out of the promised land and into Babylon.
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-You have learned about the rise of Judaism, the Exodus, and the return of the Jews to the promised land.
-You have also discovered that the Chaldeans forced the Jews out of the promised land and into Babylon.
-Even more, you have noticed how their religion provided them with a moral guide, and something to turn to for hope and strength when times became difficult.
-Explain about the Jewish exile in Babylon, and how Jewish ideas were able to spread because of influences from other cultures/languages.
-Explain different ways how religion helped shape the Jewish way of life.
-Discuss the Jewish experience under Roman rule, and how the temple was destroyed.
Do you think this is the last time that the Jewish people will be forced from their homes? We have already seen it once in Canaan, and then again in Egypt. Now, the Chaldeans have forced them from Judah. What other instances in history do you know about where something similar to the diaspora has occurred?
What feelings and/or connections do you see in these pictures?
What was the Sabbath used for?
Things you cannot do on the Sabbath:
Imagine that you are a Jew during exile in Babylon. Tell me a story about your daily life and experiences.
This is worth 80 Roebucks!! You must include your name, and it must be obvious that you put time and effort into your work! I expect at least one handwritten page!
1. Persians conquered Chaldeans and Babylon
2. Persian king allowed Jews to return to Judah
3. Jews allowed to rebuild, but paid tribute to
4. Couldn’t have won government, relied on priests
and scribes to run society
1. Series of 34 books put together
2. History, advice (proverbs), literature, poetry
Now, for a few stories (literature/history) from the Hebrew Bible…
(pay attention to the moral or explanation that these stories provide)
Predict: What do you think this story is about?
What lesson does this story provide for the Jewish people?
Character traits; how would you describe Daniel’s character?
This story provides a biblical explanation for why there are so many different languages in the world today.
This story teaches a moral, or lesson. What do you think that lesson is?
a. The armies of Alexander the Great defeat the Persians
1. Judah falls under Greek control
2. Alexander allowed Jews to stay in Judah
3. Introduced Greek language and culture to Jews
1. Scattering of Jews outside of Israel and Judah
2. Learned Greek, but remained loyal to Judaism
a. Copied Hebrew Bible into Greek
* Cause and Effect: Jewish ideas spread throughout the
1. Greek named Antiochus tried to make
2. Jews rebelled led by a man named Judas
3. Fought Greeks, and regained control Judah
a. regained control of temple and destroyed
1. Hence, the holiday of Hanukkah,
burning oil, dreidels…etc).
a. Religion provided laws for the Jews to follow
b. Laws emphasized self-control and a link to the past
c. Dictated what they could wear, eat, and even do
A. Jewish Clothing
1. Wore certain clothing to symbolize their religion
B. Family Life
1. Family important (sons valued more)
2. Education important
C. Jewish Diets
1. Must eat Kosher food (no pork, eel, etc)
What kinds of things provide guidance to you and your family? Do you share any of the same values/beliefs as the Israelites?
a. Romans would conquer Judah in 63 B.C.
b. Romans rename Judah Judaea
c. Initially, allowed Jews to rule themselves
1. Jews divided under Roman rule
a.Phariseesgroup of Jewish leaders who taught
Torah and oral tradtion
b. Sadducees-law focused, not oral tradition
c. Essenes-Lived in desert and prayed to be
free of the Romans
Dead Sea Scrolls
1. Jews hatred for Rome peaked
a. Some waited for a messiah (deliverer sent by God)
b. Others were Zealots (wanted to fight Romans)
2. Zealots revolt in A.D. 66
a. Romans retaliated by killing thousands
b. Romans destroyed Jewish temple in Jerusalem
3. Simon Bar Kocha led Jews in another revolt
a. Romans now forbade Jews to live in Jerusalem
b. Began to call area of Judah Palestine
1. Jews would begin to call their priests Rabbis
a. primary role was to teach and interpret the Torah
b. Yohanan ben Zaccai
1. Convinced Romans to allow him to teach Judaism
c. Passed on teachings through books called commentaries
2. Talmud most important commentary
a. deals with daily life (what to do)
You have learned about the very first Israelites, the rise of Judaism under powerful leaders, and the spread of Judaism throughout the world via language and the diaspora.
You have also studied the influence of religion on culture and society, as you have seen how Judaism provided moral guidance and a set of laws for people to follow.
Please take this time to complete your KWL chart for this section!