training theory high school throwers matt lydum defiance college january 27 2005 l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Training Theory: High School Throwers Matt Lydum, Defiance College January 27, 2005 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Training Theory: High School Throwers Matt Lydum, Defiance College January 27, 2005

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Training Theory: High School Throwers Matt Lydum, Defiance College January 27, 2005 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Training Theory: High School Throwers Matt Lydum, Defiance College January 27, 2005. “It takes 10 years of extensive training to excel in anything.” Herbert Simon - Nobel Laureate.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Training Theory: High School Throwers Matt Lydum, Defiance College January 27, 2005' - daniel_millan

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
“It takes 10 years of extensive training to excel in anything.”

Herbert Simon - Nobel Laureate

Theories about training are generally based on yearly (or longer) cycles. The High School Coach faces challenges using these principles to create a training plan for a very short season.
matveyev selye
Matveyev & Selye

Much of how we think and talk about training theory is based on two big ideas.

H. SELYE introduced the concept of General Adaptation, from which we derive supercompensation.

L. MATVEYEV described the relationship between volume and intensity and how it related to timing a peak performance.

Fundamentals of Sports Training Progress Publishers: Moscow, 1982.

periodization cracking the code
Periodization: Cracking the Code training-schedules.html

periodization cracking the code http www judoamerica com ijca periodisation
Periodization: Cracking the Code
periodization vocab
Periodization: vocab
  • Move
  • Unit
  • Session
  • Micro-cycle
  • Meso-cycle
  • Phase
  • Period: preparation, competition, transition
  • Macro-cycle
  • Olympiad
  • Career
moves units
Moves & Units
  • Continually build and update your TRAINING MENU
  • Combinations of moves become units (routines, circuits, etc.)
  • Speeds up writing training programs
  • Allows for more time teaching specific skills (ex.: group one at med. Ball station, group two with coach working on technique)
  • Increases density of training (less standing around)
  • Aids in record keeping
moves units examples
Med. Ball Routine 1

Between legs forward

Between legs back

Over the head f’ward

Jump front

Jump back

Hammer release left

Hammer release rt.

Partner shot left

Partner shot rt.

Push press for ht.

In-place jumps



One leg tuck right

One leg tuck left

Skateboard right

Skateboard left

Speed skater

360° rocket left

360° rocket right

4 count squat thrusts

Moves & Units (examples)
session micro cycles
Session & Micro-cycles
  • 3-12 units per session, 3-10 sessions/week.
  • Bowerman and the weekly plan
    • “Hard / Easy”
    • Coaching Track & Field William J. Bowerman. Houghton Mifflin Publishers, 1974.
  • Complimentary and Compatible Training
    • Put units that go well together in the same session
    • Build the weekly plan to maximize adaptation and learning
    • Propers to Boo Schexnayder, LSU / USATF CE
building the weekly plan example
Building the weekly plan: example


  • Teach the difference between sub-maximal intensity and all-out throws.
  • Up to 50 throws at 50-75%, <10 throws @ >95%
  • SUBJECTIVE: 75% effort
  • OBJECTIVE: 75% of PR or goal distance
  • Taking lots of “hard” attempts everyday waters down the potential of high intensity throwing (nervous system implications).
mesos phases and periods
Mesos, phases, and periods

The “system” is not conducive to classical periodization…

  • 3 or 4 month high school season
  • Federation, league & school rules
  • Two or three sport athletes
  • Year-round training in some sports
  • Dual meets on weekdays
  • Etc.
  • Think big-picture
    • Fall and Winter sport as general prep
    • Adolescents adapt quickly, (always try to pay attention and learn about adaptation)
    • Adolescents get bored quickly (a compressed season might keep some potential stars from drifting off)

Within the brief high school season…

  • move from general to specific
  • Use progressive loading
  • Steadily increase volume
  • Time unloading (↓volume and ↑ intensity) to accomplish a “peak”
solution example
Solution (example)

Use week-day dual meets as training days (sample training program at a meet)

  • Jogging
  • Loosening moves
  • Locomotive moves (including skipping and lateral)
  • Dynamic range of motion
  • Between leg forward and back
  • Partial throws
  • Full throws
  • 3-6 competitive throws per event

(perhaps some drills or more throws if appropriate)

  • Jogging
  • Hurdle mobility


*It is widely accepted that eating a healthy snack soon after a strenuous training or competition aids recovery.


dys adaptation

Inability to adapt well to training

  • Reasons:
    • Resistance:
      • misconceptions,
      • problems with authority,
      • coaching cues seem inconsistent with previous (other) coaches,
      • fear of success
dysadaptation cont
Dysadaptation (cont.)

More reasons:

  • Poor nutrition
  • Not enough rest
  • Other stressors
    • Family
    • Money
    • School
    • Adolescence in general
dysadaptation cont20
Dysadaptation (cont.)

More reasons:

  • Stimulus (load) is inappropriate
    • Too much
    • Too little (habituation)
    • Too complex
    • Incorrect
      • Not fundamentally and/or biomechanically sound, i.e.: off balance, failure to generate a summate force.
  • Exhaustion (overtraining)

Agricultural epigraphs…

  • The hay is in the barn
  • Plant your seeds before the harvest is due
  • Unloading: ↓ volume ↑ intensity
  • 3-7 days before key competition
  • Practice Peaking (likely only once or twice in a high school season)
    • Throw while supercompensated (timing and rhythm will be different)
      • How? Measuring tapes, video, simulated comp. (allow > 7 minutes between throws), mid. Season invitationals
  • Teach peaking: make it a team tradition
    • Make it an expectation
  • Anticipate excited (supercomped) behavior. Teach your athletes not to blow it by doing something unwise in the weight room or overtraining too close to the meet.