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AGDIMP and TPIO-TD Initiatives COL David A. Kingston Director, TPIO-TD 26 May 2004 Purpose To inform the Army geospatial Community on data challenges and requirements initiatives: J-GES ICD Joint Force Integration Review Team Army Geospatial Data Integrated Master Plan

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Agdimp and tpio td initiatives l.jpg

AGDIMP and TPIO-TD Initiatives

COL David A. Kingston

Director, TPIO-TD

26 May 2004


Purpose l.jpg
Purpose

To inform the Army geospatial Community on data challenges and requirements initiatives:

  • J-GES ICD

  • Joint Force Integration Review Team

  • Army Geospatial Data Integrated Master Plan

Capabilities for the Joint Force Commander


Agenda l.jpg
Agenda

  • TPIO Overview

  • J-GES

  • FDU/FEF

  • MOS Consolidation


Mission l.jpg
Mission

TPIO-TD, as TRADOC representative to the Army develops,coordinates and synchronizes all Army digital terrain data requirements for current and future forces and coordinates with the JIM community. Ensures terrain visualization and terrain data capabilities are implemented in current military operations, combat developments, exercises, experiments, training, and modeling and simulation. Reviews requirements documents for Army systems (subsystems) that require digital terrain data and ensures interoperability and commonality aspects of terrain data and products. Partners with AMSO, NSC, BCBL, TPIO-Virtual, and othersto guarantee that geospatial aspects in M&S are compatible with C4ISR.


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Problem Statement

  • Current geospatial data holdings and the capability to rapidly generate, manage, analyze, and distribute geospatial data do not meet the current or future needs of the Joint Force Commander.

  • Does not support:

    • Joint Battle Command

    • Joint Training

    • Embedded Training

    • Enroute Mission Planning and Rehearsal

    • Modeling and Simulation


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Current Geospatial Data HoldingsThis is what we have today…

… and 1:50K is the minimum level of GEO data that the Army needs to plan and execute operations.


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DTSS

Digital Topographic Support System (USA)

TPC

Topographic Production Capability (USMC)

MIPS

Multispectral

GIPS

Geospatial Imagery Production System (USAF)

SCANNER

SCANNER

RAID

RAID

Navy FoS

Family of Systems (USN)

JC2

Joint Command and Control

DCGS

Distributed Common Ground/Surface System

Generate, Manage, Analyze and Distribute Geospatial Data

(Joint Geospatial Enterprise Service) ICD Supporting the Joint Force Commander

Joint Geospatial

Capabilities

MIPS/GIPS

Current Systems

Mature to Support

JC2 and

DoD DCGS

DTSS

Navy FoS

Imagery Production System (USAF)

TPC


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For Official Use Only

PDA

GMADGD...An Enterprise Service Supporting the Joint Force Commander

Installations as

Flagships

Current

To

Future

Joint Expeditionary

Mindset

DB

ABCS

DB

DCGS

DB

DB

Theater

HW & SW

Foundation

Initial MSDS

J-GES

Tactical

HW & SW

J-GES

Geospatial

Database

UAV

Enhancement MSDS

NGA/National/

Service-level

Geospatial

Assets/HSOCs

DB

DB

DB

ABCS

Good Enough

Combat Training

Centers/BCTP

Theater-JTF

Level activities

ASK/

Aristotle

SUGV

The Network

DB

FCS

DB

Actionable Intelligence

Tactical-level

Geospatial Collectors

Authorities, Responsibilities, & Accountability


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Way Ahead

  • Plan of attack – two parallel paths:

  • JBMC2 BoD endorsed ICD on 21 Apr 04 and recommend forwarding the GMADGD (J-GES) ICD into the JCIDS process with the Command and Control Functional Capability Board (FCB) as lead

  • Complete Service Staffing

  • Additionally:

  • Clear document for foreign disclosure to ABCA allies

    • Will work with other NATO allies once JROC approved

  • Concurrently socialize with BA FCB, N-C FCB, DoD Interoperability

  • Senior Review Panel (ISRP) and NGA


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Joint Force Integration Review Team

Geospatial Data Requirements for the Future Combat SystemThe Challenge

  • BUT:

  • Asking NGA to provide this level of accuracy of data for the whole world is infeasible

    • 10’ changes occur regularly enough that data would require repeated update to be accurate

  • and unaffordable

    • Cost to provide this accuracy through NGA is greater than $4-6B.

THEREFOR:

To meet our operational requirement for GEO data the Army must have available a “Good Enough” capability sufficiently accurate to support immediate planning and which will allow rapid integration of additional data about a limited area to satisfy FCS requirements.


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Joint Force Integration Review Team

TRADOC Recommended Army Position:

Proposed Threshold and Objective Values

  • FCS Threshold (2012) MSD Geospatial Requirements:

    • Open Terrain: 150x150km (Within 12 days)-MSD 3, HRTe 3, Imagery 1m

    • Complex Terrain: 75x75km (Within 12 days)-MSD 3, HRTe 3, Imagery 1m

    • Urban Terrain: 50x50km (Within 12 days)-MSD 3, HRTe 3, Imagery 1m

  • FCS Objective (2020) MSD Geospatial Requirements:

    • Open Terrain: 150x150km (Within 3 days) - MSD 3, HRTe 3, Imagery 1m

    • Complex Terrain: 75x75km (Within 3 days) - MSD 5, HRTe 5, Imagery 1m

    • Urban Terrain: 50x50km (Within 3 days) - MSD 5, HRTe 5, Imagery 1m

At HQDA, both G2 and G3 are concerned that the Threshold Requirements should be MSD/HRTe 4 or 5 in areas of high interest.


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Joint Force Integration Review Team

TRADOC Recommended Army Position:Key Elements of the Fix

  • Joint/Service’s geospatial data enhancement (co-production)

    • Army supports concept

    • Sensor Capabilities must be Brought on Line (LIDAR, etc.)

    • Can do “Value Added” Now and into the Future

  • Assumption on refresh:

    • Joint/Service’s will have capability to refresh data and provide geospatial data enhancement of features and higher resolution elevation data

      • Army Geospatial Data Integrated Master Plan (draft) and Joint Geospatial Data Enterprise Service ICD include this capability

  • Proposed NSGI Threshold:

    • Joint/Army needs threshold requirements as stated in NSGI ORD as soon as possible


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I

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

E

Finish/Print

Finish/Print

ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS

CGM

CGM

HQ

SRC: 05607A000

TOPOGRAPHIC COMPANY

8-6-183-197

••

•••

•••

•••

2-0-11-13

1-1-35-37

1-1-30-32

1-1-21-23

MAJOR EQUIPMENT

13 – HMMWV 4 - L/R Vehicle

8 - Exp cap HMMWV 4 - UAV Cl IV

8 - DTSS-Light 4 - LIDAR Detectors

24 - DTSS-Deployable 1 – DTSS-Base

12 – DTSS-HVMP

12 – MTV-LWB

20 - Trl Mtd Gen Set

23 - LMTV

8 - LMTV Trl

12 – ¾ T Trl

1 – Water Buffalo


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Way Ahead

  • Continue working with HQDA to solidify an Army Position

  • Brief JFIRT Panel (Date TBD)

  • Recommended position carries with it funding requirements to execute (Increased funding to NGA, increased Army funding for Army data enhancement capabilities)

Primary Beneficiary is the

Joint Force Commander


Army geospatial data integrated master plan agdimp l.jpg

Army Geospatial DataIntegrated Master Plan(AGDIMP)

PURPOSE:

Provide Background Information on Status and Progress of Army Geospatial Data Integrated Master Plan (AGDIMP) And Solicit Support

Presented by

COL George Stone (DAMO-SB)


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Background: G-3 Directives

  • 8 Jul 2003: ADCS, G-3 approved development of an Army Geospatial Data Integrated Master Plan

    • Definition of an End To End Process (Horizontal and Vertical)

      • Recommend policy changes (AR 115-11, AR 5-11, etc)

      • Need to Also Address Doctrine and Architecture Issues and determine the need for CRD

    • Integration of all Army geospatial data users

      • Mission planning/mission rehearsal (MP/MR), training, command and control, embedded training, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR), etc.

    • Identification of funding requirements:

      • POM 06-11

      • Refine year of execution (FY04/05)


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New Geospatial Data Process

Trade Study #4: Joint Considerations - Joint Geospatial Enterprise System - Joint Program Office


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Army GeospatialData Funding Priorities


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The Way Ahead

  • Complete Final Draft of AGDIMP

    • Staff AGDIMP through TRADOC, BC CoC, ARSTAF by EOM-May

    • Brief 2-Star/3-Star Battle Command GOSCs (TBD)

    • Get CSA Approval/Signature on AGDIMP (TBD)

  • Establish standards to drive interoperability for Battle Command systems using geospatial data

  • Review current MDEPs for all Geospatial Capabilities (EMAP, GPIS, GIP-K, JNTC, RD3, GDI FACT, etc.)

  • Conduct a rigorous experimentation program to understand capabilities of the End-to-End process



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BACKUPSLIDES


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What We Think We Need ’04 – ‘12

Threshold Content and Currency for Geospatial Data in Areas of High Interest

Feature Content

Feature Currency

Image-Base Currency

Refresh/Fusion

Geospatial Enhancement in Near real Time

2 years

(Seasonal)

MSD 3

<10 years

OPEN

Geospatial Enhancement in Near real Time

2 years

(Seasonal)

COMPLEX

MSD 3

<10 years

Geospatial Enhancement in Near real Time

2 years

(Seasonal)

URBAN

MSD 3

2 years


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Complementary Strategies to Solve the Geospatial Data Problem

  • Joint Geospatial Data Enterprise Service

  • Future Combat Systems Joint Force Integration Review Team (JFIRT)

  • Army Geospatial Data Integration Master Plan (AGDIMP)


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Lack of System to Generate, Manage Problem

and Distribute Geospatial Data

JC2 and DCGS Will Not Function Without Timely, Accurate, Synchronous and Relevant Geospatial Information

No Joint System !


Ig crd and nsgi ord l.jpg

Imagery and Geospatial Intelligence CRD Problem

National System for Geospatial Intelligence ORD

IG CRD and NSGI ORD

(NGA)

(NGA)

National Level

(DoD Dollars)


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Imagery and Geospatial Intelligence CRD Problem

Generate, Manage, Analyze, and Distribute Geospatial Data (GMADGD/J-GES) ICD

National System for Geospatial Intelligence ORD

NSGI ORD and the GMADGD (J-GES) ICD

(NGA)

(NGA)

(JFCOM)

Joint/Service/Component Level

(Title-10 Service/Joint Dollars)

National Level

(DoD Dollars)


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Joint Force Integration Review Team Problem

Task from Jan ‘04 JFIRT

  • JFIRT Action from 30 Jan 04 meeting (Army):

    • Brief Army position on FCS threshold requirement for Mission Specific Data (MSD) Content, Quantity, and Timeliness (C,Q, & T) at FOC (2012),

    • to include assumption that Army has primary responsibility for refresh of responsiveness (MSD)

    • and the proposed co-production capability

    • and NGSI threshold.

  • OSD additional action (from 10 Feb FCS IIPT)

    • Army assess impact if NSGI ORD UFR is not funded

  • Implied Tasks:

    • Army position must include answers affecting rest of Army, which is also affected by Geospatial decisions


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Joint Force Integration Review Team Problem

The Common ComponentsFoundation Data and Mission Specific Data

Controlled Image Base (CIB)

Mono Imagery. Supports Battlefield Visualization. Unclassified.

Feature Data

An agreed-to set of coverage, features, and attributes that varies in density, accuracy and content based upon readiness requirements.

Elevation Data

Uniformly-spaced grid of terrain elevation values. Supports line-of-sight analyses, modeling & simulation, cross-country mobility and landing zone analyses.

Targeting Data

Stereo imagery. Supports war fighter's needs for targeting. Classified.

Safety of Navigation (SON)

Provides statutory navigation information for planning and operations.

(TLM, City Graphics).

There are products associated with each of these components


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Joint Force Integration Review Team Problem

Mission Specific Data

BRIDGE

Bridge Ref. No. = 2342656

Use = Road Bridge

No. of Spans = 2

Width = 20M

Length = 300M

Overhead Clearance = 10M

UnderBridge Clearance = 40M

Load Class = 60 Short Tons

HIGH

NO BRIDGE INFORMATION

LOW

MSD 2

1:100K

(TLM 100)

MSD 1

1:250K

(JOG)

MSD 5

1:15K

(City Graphic)

MSD 3

1:50K

(TLM 50)

Scale/Granularity

Feature Data Content Relationship

Content relationship between a traditional map and the feature

component of Mission-Specific Data of commensurate scale/granularity

Cost and

Time to Produce

Information Content

Terrain Fidelity


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Joint Force Integration Review Team Problem

‘DTED 1’

‘SRTM DTED 2’

HRTe 3

HRTe 4

HRTe 5

POST SPACING

100m

30m

10m

3m

1m

FILE SIZE (28km x 24km)

0.021 MB

0.196 MB

26.3 MB

291.8 MB

2,626.2 MB

COST

Elevation Data

UAV

* LIDAR

$

  • Down-sampled Light Detection And Ranging Sensor


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Joint Force Integration Review Team Problem

What Happens to the Rest of Joint Force/Army

if NSGI ORD UFR is Unfunded?

(current operations to 2012)

  • Will Not Have “Home Field” Battlespace Awareness

  • Individual/Collective Training Simulations Will Not Replicate Conditions Found in Many Locations Around the World.

  • Battle Command/C4ISR Systems Will Not Function to Full Capability

  • Current Operations Will Continue to Suffer

    • Threat Forces Use Urban/Complex Terrain to Offset US Technology

    • Lack of Accurate, Robust Geospatial Data Increases the Difficulty for US Forces Operating in These Environments


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Joint Force Integration Review Team Problem

Bottom Line

  • Fund the NSGI ORD threshold capabilities as feasible

  • Establish standards to drive interoperability

  • Conduct a rigorous experimentation program to get the requirements right

  • Provide for a Joint Force/Service “data enhancement” capability

Primary Beneficiary is the

Joint Force Commander


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PURPOSE Problem

Provide Background Information on Status and Progress of Army Geospatial Data Integrated Master Plan (AGDIMP)

And Solicit Support


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Conclusion Problem

  • Geospatial Data is absolutely critical for both current and future joint forces:

    • Battle Command

    • Embedded Training

    • Mission Planning and Rehearsal

  • Geospatial Data production and management has been chronically under-funded:

    • National Level

    • Joint Service Level

  • The recommended strategies, (JGES ICD, FCS JFIRT, and the AGDIMP) if implemented, address the critical shortfalls in geospatial data production

  • Support for funding is needed to ensure the geospatial data is there when we need it


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