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MORPHOLOGY. The study of the internal structure of words, and of the rules by which words are formed Morpheme – Derived from the Greek word morphe meaning “form.” The linguistic term for the most elemental unit of grammatical form. LEXICON.

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MORPHOLOGY


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morphology
MORPHOLOGY
  • The study of the internal structure of words, and of the rules by which words are formed
  • Morpheme – Derived from the Greek word morphe meaning “form.” The linguistic term for the most elemental unit of grammatical form
lexicon
LEXICON
  • The Greek word for dictionary, or the words that make up linguistic knowledge
  • When one learns sounds and their associated meaning, they know the word.
  • 6 yrs old = 13,000
  • High School = 60,000
examples of morphemes
Examples of Morphemes
  • One morpheme boy

desire

  • Two morphemes boy + ish

desire + able

  • Three morphemes boy + ish + ness

desire + able + ity

  • Four morphemes gentle+man+li+ness

un+desire+able+ity

  • More than four un+gentle+man+li+ness

morphemes anti+dis+establish+ment+ari+an+ism

types of morphemes
Bound Morphemes

Morphemes that arenever words by themselves but are always parts of words

Example

-ish, -ness, -ly, -dis, trans, -un

-un, -pre, -bi (Prefixes)

-ing (Suffix)

Free Morphemes

Morphemes that constitute words by themselves

Example

Boy, desire, man, and gentle

Types of Morphemes
morphological rules
Hierarchical Structure of Words

Unsystematic

Adjective

un Adjective

Noun atic

System

Morphological Rules

-Rules for combining morphemes to form stems and words.

Examples

  • Suffix vs. Affix
  • Creation of new words

- Adjective + ify =Verb

- Verb + cation

= Noun

funny morphemes
Funny Morphemes

Link to Website with Funny Names (Car Talk)

http://www.ethanwiner.com/funnames.html

Examples:

Copyeditor – Adeline Moore (Add a line more)

Accounts Payable – Inneda Czech (I need a check)

Pollution Control – Maury Missions (More emissions)

Purchasing – Lois Bidder (Lowest bidder)

Bart Simpson:

Anita Mann (I need a man)

Al Cohaulik (Alcoholic)

Harry Nes (Hairiness)

how can i teach morphemes to esl students
How can I teach Morphemes to ESL Students?
  • Prefixes and Suffixes
  • Compound Words & Blends (Group work with newspaper and books)
  • Exceptions to rules (Plural exceptions for child, man, food, and mice.)
  • Morphological Analysis (Reoccurring Forms on pg 106)
  • Acronyms & Abbreviations
exercise 5 answers page 110
Exercise #5 Answers (Page 110)
  • 1 – The morpheme meaning “singular” in Zulu is “um.”
  • 2 – The morpheme meaning “plural” in Zulu is “aba.”
  • 3 – fazi = married woman

fani = boy

zali = parent

fundisi = teacher

bazi = carver

limi = farmer

dlali = player

fundi = reader

additional sources
Additional Sources
  • Morris, Lori. Tremblay, Michel. The Impact of Attending to Unstressed Words on the Acquisition of Written Grammatical Morphology by French-Speaking ESL Students. [JOURNAL ARTICLES. REPORTS - Research/Technical] Canadian Modern Language Review. v58 n3 p364-85 Mar 2002.
  • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morphology