JUMP BRIEF - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  2. MACO BRIEF • Roll Call (I.D. card and tags) • Key Personnel - Jumpmaster - Asst. Jumpmaster - 02 Rep: - DZSO - Malfunction NCO - DZ Corpsman: - Other:

  3. Operational Data • Type Jump • - Day/Night/Dusk • - Admin/Tactical • - 02/Rucksack/Rifle • ERO • TOT • Individual Equipment • Actions at DAF • In-flight / Before load Rigging

  4. Drop Zone • 100 Acres • DZ Elevation MSL • Altimeter Setting • Desired Impact Point • Landing Pattern • Assembly Area • DZ Markings • Terrain Descriptions • Obstacles On/Around DZ • Track of A/C • Alternate Landing Areas

  5. Aircraft • Type: • Exit Point • Type of Exit • Exit Dispersion • Exit Altitude • Number of Passes • Exit Order • Aircraft Configuration / Seating • Location of Key Personnel

  6. Weather • Winds • Direction • Velocity • Release Point • Temperature • Exit Alt • On DZ • Ceiling / Cloud Coverage • Visibility

  7. A/C Procedures / Jump Commands • Load A/C in reverse stick order • Don Helmets • Unfasten Seat Belts • 20 Min. Warning • 10 Min. Warning: Don Helmets if removed attach CE. • Winds: Updated winds from the DZ, expressed in Knots • Stand up – 6 minutes (Pin Checks) • Hood up • Check Static Line • Check Equipment • Sound Off For Equipment Check

  8. A/C Procedures / Jump Commands Continued • Move To The Rear - First jumper moves to hinge of ramp or 1 meter from jump door • Stand By - (Pass thumbs up) First jumper moves to edge of ramp or to jump door • Go - Exit as briefed • Abort - Given when release conditions are not favorable. Back up to hinge of ramp or 1 meter from jump door and await further instructions

  9. Exit Procedures • Execute a seated exit Move to the edge of the ramp and assume a seated exit body position. Feet approximately shoulder width apart and knees slightly bent. Bend forward at the waist and extend arms out and downward at a 45 deg. angle. Head up with eyes on the horizon. Hop forward off the ramp maintaining the bend at the waist and eyes on the horizon. Using arms as rudders, continue to fly through the exit until the canopy deploys.

  10. Canopy Control • Check Canopy - Turn on Strobe (Night) - Collapse Slider - Control Check - 25 meters Separation • Canopy Flight - Get to and Stay in the Wind Cone - Penetration Checks every 1000 ft. • Traffic Pattern - Follow the Group Leader - Lower Jumper Has the Right of Way • Landing - Flare with Both Sets of Toggles

  11. Emergency Procedures • Crash Landing: • For an emergency during takeoff up to 2,500 ft. assume the emergency landing position. • Wait for the A/C to come to a complete stop, unbuckle, and exit the A/C. • Assemble 300 meters upwind of the A/C and perform a head count.

  12. Emergency Procedures Continued • Emergency Bailout 2,000-3,000 ft. AGL - The JM gives the emergency bailout signal by extended an arm over head with the index finger pointed in a circular motion - JM will then place a clenched fist over reserve rip cord pillow and thrust it out to the side indicating exit on reserve - The JM may issue abbreviated jump commands if time permits - Exit on the Jumpmaster’s command - Clear the A/C and deploy the reserve - Attempt to land with other jumpers and perform a head count

  13. Emergency Bailout From 3,000 ft. and Above • The JM will give the emergency bailout signal by an extending arm over head with the index finger pointed in a circular motion • If time permits, the jumpers will stand up, hook up and exit the Aircraft on the Jumpmaster’s command using a seated exit • If time does not permit, the Jumpmaster will place a clenched fist over reserve rip cord pillow and thrust it to the side indicating exit on reserve using a dive exit - Clear the Aircraft and deploy the reserve • Attempt to land with other jumpers and perform a head count

  14. Premature Activation Inside the Aircraft • Shout “Pilot Chute” and attempt to contain it • Notify the JM immediately • Jumper will be moved to a safe location NOTE: If at any time a pilot chute or canopy material gets out of the Aircraft, exit immediately

  15. Towed Jumper • Remain in a tight body position with your chin on your chest • Any remaining jumpers in the pass will be stopped • The JM will notify the pilot and have the A/C circle over the DZ • The JM will identify how you are being towed • If you are being towed by anything other than your static- line, you will be cut free as the A/C passes over the DZ • If you are being towed by your static-line and are cut free, as soon as you feel yourself fall free deploy your reserve • If you are being retrieved, remain in a tight body position until you are safely inside of the Aircraft

  16. Post Exit Emergency Procedures • Decision Altitude - HALO: 2,500 ft. AGL - HAHO: _________ ft. AGL • Total Malfunction: Container assembly does not open after exit (no lines are out) • Partial Malfunction: Container assembly opens, but canopy does not fully or properly deploy(lines are out of the conainer)

  17. Cut-away Procedures • LOOK RED (Identify the green cutaway pillow) • GRAB RED (Grab the green cutaway pillow) • LOOKSILVER (Identify the red reserve pillow) • GRAB SILVER (Grab the red reserve pillow) • ARCH • PEEL / PULL RED (Peel downward & pull to full extent.) • THROW AWAY RED (Discard away from body) • PEEL / PULL SILVER(Peel downward & pull to full extension) • THROW AWAY SILVER (Discard away from body) • CHECK (Check for reserve pilot chute deployment)

  18. MALFUNCTIONS • Horseshoe: parachute, or suspension lines are caught on you or your equipment - Execute cut-away procedures immediately • Bag Lock: Canopy remains in the inner deployment bag after exiting - Execute cut-away procedures immediately

  19. Dual Canopy Deployments • Reach up and separate the canopies by pulling on the rear reserve riser with the left hand • Once the canopies are separated, pull the cutaway pillow with the right hand • If the main canopy deploys and the reserve partially deploys, slow the main to prevent the reserve from fully deploying • Attempt to pull in the reserve deployment bag and contain it between your legs • Be prepared to cutaway the main if the reserve fully inflates • Never cutaway with the main in front of the reserve canopy • If the canopies can not be separated, fly the dominant canopy

  20. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures • Canopy Controllability Check • 50% Rule; If the canopy requires more than 50% opposite • toggle to counter a turn, or if the canopy stalls prior to 50% • brakes, the canopy is un-controllable • Line Twist - Reach up with both hands, thumbs pointed down, and separate the risers - Using a bicycling motion, un-twist the lines - Do not un-stow the brakes until the twist are cleared. - Maintain altitude awareness and if unable to clear by 2,500 ft. perform cut-away procedures

  21. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Rips or Tears - If possible, check your rate of descent with other jumpers - If you are descending faster than the other jumpers, execute cut-away procedures - If you are not descending faster than other jumpers, conduct a canopy controllability check - If the canopy is un-controllable, execute cut-away procedures - If there is a rip or tear in the top skin of your canopy, execute cut-away procedures

  22. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Premature Brake Release - Immediately release the other control line. - Conduct a canopy controllability check. • - If the canopy is un-controllable, execute cut-away • procedures • Broken Control Line - Release other control line - Steer using good control line and rear riser - Determine the stall point at a safe altitude using the rear risers - Flare the canopy for landing using both rear risers

  23. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Knotted or broken suspension lines - Conduct a canopy controllability check - If the canopy is un-controllable, execute cut-away procedures • Hung Slider, Closed End Cells, or Pilot Chute Over the Nose - Pull both toggles down to the full brake position, hold for 3-4 sec, and let up slowly - After two attempts, conduct a canopy controllability check - If the canopy is un-controllable, execute cut-away procedures

  24. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Entering a cloud - Go to half brakes - Fly straight through the cloud • Dust Devils - Avoid if possible - A down wind or turning landing is preferred to flying through or landing in a Dust Devil • If Unavoidable - Go to full flight - Pull down two to three inches on front risers to build speed - Fly straight through the dust devil

  25. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Entanglements With Another Jumper - Always attempt to steer clear of other jumpers by turning away - Lower jumper has the right of way - If a collision with another jumper is imminent, assume the spread eagle position - Protect your handles and attempt to bounce off - If line entanglement occurs, attempt to free yourself - Communication between jumpers and altitude awareness are critical to successful disengagement

  26. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Entanglements Above 2,500 ft. - Higher jumper has a good canopy - Higher jumper attempts to clear the entanglement - If the entanglement is cleared, the canopy should re-inflate within 150-200 ft - If the entanglement cannot be cleared, at 2,500 ft. or above, the lower jumper executes cut-away procedures

  27. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Entanglements Below 2,500 ft. - The lower jumper will land with higher jumper - The higher jumper will make every effort to control the lower jumper’s canopy - The lower jumper will jettison combat equipment if worn - The higher jumper will fly the final approach and land at half brakes - Both jumpers will execute a PLF

  28. Post-Opening Emergency Procedures Continued • Both Jumpers are Entangled and Neither has a Good Canopy - The higher jumper has cut-away priority - He should free himself of entangled lines and execute cut-away procedures, altitude permitting - The lower jumper should cut-away after the higher jumper, altitude permitting. The higher jumper may be fatally engulfed in the lower jumper’s canopy if the lower jumper cuts-away first • If impact with the ground is imminent, both jumpers should deploy their reserve canopies in attempt to slow their descent

  29. Hazardous Landing Procedures • Tree / Cactus Landings - If you have already lowered your CE, jettison it. If not, leave it attached for added protection - Keep your goggles over your eyes and O2 mask on if worn - Turn the canopy into the wind and attempt a vertical descent between the obstacles - Protect your face with your forearms - Keep your feet and knees together and be prepared to execute a PLF - If you are suspended and cannot climb down, wait for assistance

  30. Hazardous Landing Procedures • Water Landings - Attempted to land as close to shore as possible - Jettison your CE and O2 mask if worn - Unhook your RSL, unfasten your chest strap, and unfasten your waistband - Land into the wind and flare as normal. Be prepared to do a PLF incase the water is shallow - After you have entered the water, release your leg straps, arch out of the harness, and swim free of the harness and suspension lines - If you are being dragged, pull the cutaway pillow - If you are trapped under the canopy, follow a seam to the edge

  31. Hazardous Landing Procedures • Wire Landings (Attempt to steer away) - If unavoidable - Disconnect your RSL - Jettison your CE and turn off your O2 if worn - Attempt to parallel the wires in a braked position to attain a vertical descent through the wires. Be prepared to do a PLF incase you pass through the wires - If contact with the ground is made, cut-away the main canopy and move away - If suspended, remain motionless until the power is turned off. Do not let anyone touch you, and do not cut-away

  32. Hazardous Landing Procedures • High Wind Landings: (12-18 knots) - At 1,000 ft AGL, disconnect the RSL - As soon as your feet touch the ground, release one toggle and pivot in the direction of retained toggle, continue pulling hand over hand until the canopy collapses - Attempt to contain the nose of the canopy

  33. Hazardous Landing Procedures • Recovery From a Drag - If you cannot collapse the canopy, ensure your RSL is disconnected and pull the cutaway pillow • Dust devils - If you land and are overtaken by a dust devil, gather up as much canopy as possible and lay down on it • Obstacles On or Near the DZ - Attempt to steer. (Look Away Turn Away) - If you are unable to steer clear, make contact with both feet and execute a PLF

  34. Questions? Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated

  35. Exit Video