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Class Notes On The Main Characters from the Race for the Double Helix Slides created by Honors Genetics Classes. James D. Watson. April 6, 1928 – Nationality: English, Scottish, Irish. Educational Background.
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Slides created by Honors Genetics Classes
April 6, 1928 –
Nationality: English, Scottish, Irish
Born on June 8th, 1916, at Northampton, England
Oldest child of Harry Crick and Annie Elizabeth Wilkins.
He has one brother, A.F. Crick, who is a doctor in New Zealand.
During the war he worked as a scientist for the British Admiralty, mainly in connection with magnetic and acoustic mines. He left the Admiralty in 1947 to study biology.
Crick was forced to stop because of the war in 1939. He began working for the British Admiralty with magnetic and acoustic mines. In 1947, he left to study Biology.
Francis Harry Compton Crick was educated at Northampton Grammer School and Mill Hill School, London. He furthered his education on physics at University College, London, where he obtained a B.Sc. In 1937. He began doing research for a Ph.D. under Prof E. N. da C. Andrade.
Because of his education, experience, and hard work, Francis Harry Compton Crick was able to be apart of a team who helped discover one of the largest mysteries of life. That discovery was DNA.
Then she started working on her doctorate. Her focus was on charcoal and coal, and how to use them efficiently.
She published five papers on the subject and had her PhD before she was 26 years old.
Satisfaction doesn’t come from knowing the solution. It comes from knowing why it’s the solution.
What is X-Ray Diffraction?
“The most beautiful X-ray photographs of any substance ever taken” (J.D. Bernal)
The all girls’ school, that she attended in London, taught her chemistry and physics. At the age of 15 she decided she wanted to be a scientist.
In 1938 she passed the examination for Cambridge University.
Her father refused to pay because he didn’t approve of university education for women.
Her mother and aunt stepped in and they said they would pay for it.
Born on December 15, 1916
Nationality: New Zealand, British, and Irish
Noble Prize Winners, December 1962
Maurice Wilkins, Max Perutz, Francias Crick, John Steinbeck, James Watson, and John Kendrew
Maurice Hugh Fredrick Wilkins was born at Pongaroa, New Zealand on December 15th, 1916 after his parents left Ireland. His father, Edgar Henry Wilkins was a doctor in the School Medical Service and was very interested in research but had little opportunity for it.
Wilkins was elected F.R.S. in 1959, given the Albert Lasker Award with Watson and Crick by the American Public Health Association in 1960, and made Companion of the British Empire in 1962.
He married Patricia Ann Chidgey in 1959 and they have two children. They have a daughter named Sarah, and a son George. He finds recreation in collecting sculptures and in gardening.
-At the age of 6 he was brought to England and educated at King Edwards school in Birmingham.
-He studied Physics at St. John’s College and received his degree in 1938.
-Then he went to Birmingham University and was research assistant to J.T. Randall in the Physics Department. Where they studied the luminescence of solids. In 1940 he obtained a Ph.D.
-In 1945 he was a lecturer in physics at St. Andrews’ University, Scotland, where J.T. Randall was organizing biophysical studies.
-In 1946 he went to King’s College where he studied the orientation of purines and pyrimidines.
1938-Physics degree from St. John’s College, Cambridge
1940-Obtained Ph.D, thesis on a study of thermal stability of trapped electrons in phosphors, and on the theory of phosphoresence-Applied this to war based problems like improving cathode ray tube screens for radar
1943-Manhattan Project-American wartime nuclear physics project-Research led to completion of nuclear weapons, dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, leading Wilkins to become a strong opponent of them
1945-Had spent 7 years in physics, and decided to begin biophysics, a new and appealing concept to Wilkins
1946-Member of new Medical Research Council Biophysics Research Unit at King’s College, London-First studied genetic effects of ultrasonics-then moved on to development of reflecting microscopes for UV micro-spectrophotometry of nucleic acids in cells-To name a few others-UV dichroism of oriented specimens, arrangement of virus particles of TMV, dry mass in cells with interference microscopes, and X-ray diffraction studies of DNA and sperm heads-Led tofiguring out molecular structure of DNA, establishing the correct Watson-Crick DNA structure
1950-Produced first images of DNA
1953-Using a 1952 X-ray diffraction photo from Wilkins and Franklin, Watson and Crick built the correct and precise model of DNA
1962-The Nobel Prize was given to Watson, Wilkins, and Crick, for Physiology and Medicine because of their discoveries
1997-Wrote book titled Crick, Watson, and DNA, which explained the tension in the relationship between he and Franklin-he wasn’t sure how to act with a woman in his laboratory- when they first met he assumed she was his assistant-Said lab was very abnormal
“The DNA Enabler”
-X-Ray Crystallography (applied to biology)
-Genetic effects of ultrasonics
-development of reflecting microscopes for ultraviolet microspectrophotometry (nucleic acids in cells)
-DOUBLE HELIX (orientation of purines and pyrimidines in virus)