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INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN -A CASE STUDY. PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute Pacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India www.tbgri.org gmnair@rediffmail.com. GENESIS OF THE PROGRAMME.

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slide1

INCORPORATING IK INTO KERLA’S TENTH

FIVE YEAR PLAN

-A CASE STUDY

PROF. G. M. NAIR, DIRECTOR

Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

Pacha-Palode, Thiruvananthapuram

695562, Kerala, India

www.tbgri.org

gmnair@rediffmail.com

genesis of the programme
GENESIS OF THE PROGRAMME
  • ORGANISED A PRE-WORKSHOP BRAIN STORMING SESSION ON
  • INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA,
  • AT GOVERNMENT SECRETARIAT, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM,
  • UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF HON’BLE CHIEF
  • MINISTER OF KERALA SRI A. K. ANTONY , ON
  • 20TH SEPTEMBER 2002 THROUGH ASSISTANCE FROM
  • WORLD BANK IK GROUP
  • SENIOR BUREAUCRATS OF GOVERNMENT
  • OF KERALA, HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS, PLANNERS,
  • SENIOR SCIENTISTS, REPRESENTATIVES FROM WORLD
  • BANK IK GROUP AND DELEGATES FROM KENYA,
  • UGANDA AND ETHIOPIA PARTICIPATED.
slide3

RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE BRAIN STORMING SESSION

  • IDENTIFY A NODAL AGENCY FOR ADVISING THE GOVERNMENT, FOR IMPLEMENTING IK PROGRAMMES
  • PREPARE AN INVENTORY OF IK FROM DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE COMMUNITIES
  • PRIORITISE IK FOR SHORT TERM AND LONG TERM PROJECT PROPOSALS
  • EAR MARK A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF BUDGETARY PROVISION FROM CONCERNED DEPARTMENTAL ALLOCATIONS FOR IK RELATED ACTIVITIES
  • SUBMIT TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA AND THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, CONCRETE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF IK RELATED ACTIVITIES IN THE 10TH PLAN
slide4

FOLLOW UP PROGRAMME

  • ORGANISED A WORKSHOP ON “INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE STRATEGIES FOR KERALA” FROM 7-9 OCTOBER 2002, AT THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, WITH THE SUPPORT OF IK PROGRAMME, WORLD BANK, WASHINGTON DC.
  • WORKSHOP WAS INAUGURATED BY HON’BLE CHIEF MINISTER OF KERALA STATE, SRI A. K. ANTONY
  • SRI V. RAMACHANDRAN, VICE-CHAIRMAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD DELIVERED THE KEY-NOTE ADDRESS
  • SRI S. M. VIJAYANAND, SECRETARY, PLANNING AND ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, GOVERNMENT OF KERALA WAS ALSO PRESENT ON THE OCCASION
  • ATTENDED BY ABOUT 120 INVITEES, WHO ARE EXPERTS IN THEIR RESPECTIVE AREAS. PLANNERS, BUREAUCRATS, SCIENTISTS, ACADEMICIANS, FARMERS, MEDIA-PERSONS, TECHNOLOGISTS, TRIBALS AND TRADITIONAL MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS.
slide12

OBJECTIVE

  • THE WORKSHOP WAS ORGANISED WITH A VIEW TO DEVELOP CONCRETE IK BASED PROPOSALS FOR SUBMISSION TO THE KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD, SO THAT THESE PROPOSALS COULD BE INCORPORATED INTO THE 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN.

OUTCOME

SPECIFIC SHORT-TERM AND LONG–TERM PROPOSALS, SUBMITTED AFTER DISCUSSION AND DEBATE BY VARIOUS GROUPS AND PANELS DURING THE WORKSHOP, WERE SUBMITTED TO THE GOVERNMENT OF KERALA.

slide13

Diversity of Indigenous Knowledge (IK)

TOPICS DISCUSSED

IK in

Biodiversity Conservation and Utilization

Agriculture

Health care

Animal husbandry

Fisheries

Art & Culture

Architecture

Rural technology etc.

slide14

ACTION

INTEGRATING WITH 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN, KERALA STATE PLANNING BOARD SANCTIONED A PROJECT ON PROMOTION OF TRADITIONAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE VIDE ORDER NO. A1-7033/03/SPB. DATED 23/10/2003 AT A TOTAL COST OF RUPEES 30 LAKHS, DURING THE YEAR 2003 AND 2004

  • FACILITATING INSTITUTIONS IN KERALA
  • TROPICAL BOTANIC GARDEN AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE, PALODE, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM.
  • KERALA FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE, THRISSUR
  • KERALA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, THRISSUR
  • CENTRE FOR WATER RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (CWRDM), KOZHIKODE
  • KIRTADS, KOZHIKODE
  • AHADS, PALAKKAD
slide15

INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE

“ Indigenous Knowledge (IK) is a community based functional

knowledge system developed, preserved and refined by generations

of people through continuous interaction, observation and

experimentation with their surrounding environment. It is a dynamic

system, ever-changing,adapting and adjusting to the local situations

and has close links with the culture, civilization and religious practices

of the communities. IK covers all spheres of human activity such as art,

literature, health, education, agriculture, environment etc.”

slide16

INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE

Real observers/ protectors/ beneficiaries of Biodiversity is

Indigenous/ local communities. Indigenous knowledge on

biodiversity is the asset of the country which ensures the

food, health and economic security of the nation.

slide17

IK related to traditional medicine in India

Source

Classical Health

Tradition (CHT)

Oral Health

Tradition (OHT)

  • Traditionally trained folk healers/ village physicians
  • Not traditionally trained but experienced in certain health practices (eg.Dai,bonesetters,specialists in treating poisons, jaundice, mental disorders)
  • Aged people or different ethnic communities including women treating the patients based on the knowledge acquired from their predecessors.
  • Individuals who acquired(educated group) certain knowledge from their predecessors.
  • Tribal- tribal communities/ physicians/ aged individuals.
  • Vedic / classical texts and treatise like
  • Rigveda, Atharvaveda, Charakasamhita
  • (Text on ancient Indian Medicine)
  • Susrutha samhita (Text on ancient Indian surgery ),Ashtangahridaya ((Text on ancient Indian medicine & surgery) &other numerous related text books in both sanskrit and
  • regional languages
slide18

PRECISE OBJECTIVES

  • Survey, collection, inventory and documentation of tribal / local / folk medicines of the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta.
  • Recording of traditional use and knowledge system on the local flora.
  • Study, analysis and organisation of the data and preparation of computerised database.
  • Preparation of report on the indigenous / traditional use of medicinal plants.
slide19

METHODOLOGY

TRAINING / AWARENESS ON DOCUMENTATION OF IK (INSTITUTE LEVEL)

TRAINING/ AWARENESS ON IK DOCUMENTATION (PANCHAYATH LEVEL)

RAPPORT ESTABLISHMENT WITH LOCAL BODY MEMBERS AND OWNERS OF IK

TEAM BUILDING AND VISION DEVELOPMENT

ENTRY TO PANCHAYATH

INTERVIEW / MEETING WITH INDIVIDUALS/ IK HOLDERS

IK DOCUMENTATION

DATA POOLING AND ANALYSIS

PREPARATION OF DATABASE

SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

slide20

Documentation of Indigenous Knowledge (IK)

LOCATION OF THE STUDY AREA

The study area is in the Southern Zone of Kerala, comprising

the districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam andPathanamthitta

slide21

CONTACT PROGRAMME AT INSTITUTE LEVEL

ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS HELD AT TBGRI ON 8TH DECEMBER 2003

Inaugural address

Dr.G.M.Nair

Director, TBGRI

Presidential Address

Shri.Ozhukupara Aziz,Member,

Peringammala Gramapanchayath

A view of the audience

slide22

Theme lecture

Dr.S.Rajasekharan, TBGRI

Introductory remarks

Dr.V.George,TBGRI

Mrs.Ammukkutty amma (82), Birth attendant

A custodian of IK from Peringammala Gramapanchayath

slide23

CONTACT PROGRAMME AT PANCHAYAT LEVEL

ONE DAY SEMINAR ON IK AWARENESS

slide29

OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS

DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)

slide30

OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS

DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)

slide31

OBSERVATIONS / RESULTS

DETAILS OF THE CASE STUDIES RECORDED (DISEASE WISE)

slide32

  Example I CASE STUDIES - PERINGAMMALA GRAMAPANCHAYATH

We have recorded case studies on the following 37 specific diseases, 33 non-specific

diseases and 3 other conditions based on 423 (54 single formulations + 369 combinations)

information gathered on 287 medicinal plants.

slide34

Example- Disclosed

Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS

General Information :

1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed:

Kochuvila – Peringammala Gramapanchayath

2. Date of Survey

3. Source:

a. Oral

b. Documental record

c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK).

4. Botanical details

a. Scientific name:

slide35

b. Tribal/ local name

Oolan thakara

c. Sanskrit name

d. State of plant

e. Habit

f. Habitat

Open waste land

g. Voucher specimen

(i) Herbarium specimen

(ii) Photograph (Y/N):

slide36

h. Distribution

5. Utility based categorization of the plant

Others specify…………………………….

slide37

Indigenous Knowledge

1. Part used

In combination(specify): 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa

2. Collection/ Harvesting

slide39

4. Method of preparation

1. 10 – 15 gm dried/ fresh root of Cassia occidentalis, prepared in the form of paste administered internally along with 30 - 60 ml milk.

2. 10 gm fresh leaves of Cassia occidentalis + 5 gm Allium cepa in the form of pounded mass

5. Administration of Drug.

6. Indications

 7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)

slide41

Example- undisclosed

Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

DATA SHEET FOR ETHNO-MEDICO-BOTANICAL SURVEY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS

General Information :

1 Name of tribal settlement and the adjoining forest area / place surveyed:

Elanjium Kani tribal settlement – Peringanmala Gramapanchayath

2. Date of Survey

3. Source:

a. Oral

b. Documental record

c. Historical importance / mode of transmission of Indigenous Knowledge (IK).

4. Botanical details

a. Scientific name:

slide42

4. Method of preparation

1. Decoction

2. Medicated oil

3. Pounded mass

5. Administration of Drug.

6. Indications

 7. Alternate plants used if the drug plant is not available (substitute)

slide44

Enumeration of Indigenous knowledge

Indigenous knowledge related to medicinal plants gathered from Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam and Pathanamthitta districts are enumerated Panchayat wise.

Example-I (single drug)

Botanical name: Ocimum sanctum Linn.

Family: Lamiaceae

Habit: Herb

Vernacular name: Krishnatulsi (PML, VTR, KUT, AMB, PDL, SDN, PPL, TLK, TKR, AYK, EPR, EMR, KNI, MPA, TND)*

Parts used: Roots

Method of preparation: Paste form.

Mode of administration: Oral

Dosage: 5-10 g, twice daily

Vehicle: Cows milk

Indication: Spider poison (SDN, TKR)

During the survey we have collected 62 informations on Tulsi as a single drug to treat 55 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.

* PML-Peringammala, VTR-Vithura, KUT-Kuttichal, AMB-Amboori, PDL-Peringadavila, SDN- Sooranadu North, PPL-Pooyappalli, TLK-Thevalakkara, TKR-Trikkaruva, AYK-Aryankavu, EPR-Eraviperoor, EMR-Ezhuhattoor, KNI-Konni, MPA-Mailapra, TND-Thannithodu

slide45

Example-II combinations

Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – Leaves

Kudukkamooli (Aristolochia indica)- Roots

Kurumulaku (Piper longum) – Seed

Jaggery (Palm)

Method of preparation: Decoction

Mode of administration: Oral

Dosage: 30 ml, thrice daily

Vehicle: ----

Indication: Fever (EMR)

Example-III combinations

Ingredients: Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) – Leaves

Kuzhimundan (Orthosiphon glabratus) – Leaves

Cheriyaulli (Allium cepa) – Bulb

Method of preparation: Decoction

Mode of administration: Oral

Dosage: 60 ml, thrice daily

Vehicle: ----

Indication: Chickenpox (AMB)

In combination, we have collected 154 information on Tulasi for treating 62 specific and nonspecific diseased conditions from 15 Grama Panchayats.

slide46

CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS

  • To conserve / preserve / protect the IK, various awareness programmes have to be designed and implemented among the people. It is urgent, otherwise these knowledge will be wiped out gradually due to the changing lifestyle and social set up of the people.
  • Since scientific documentation of IK is a continuing programme, a sectoral wise IK documentation wing should be established in the respective R&D organization currently involved in the documentation work.
  • A Coordinating Centre may be established at TBGRI for coordinating the documentation work and also for providing guidelines for preparing new policies / legislations, programmes etc to protect the IK of Kerala State.
  • Digitalizing the IK is the need of the hour to save the same from piracy. New policies / programmes may be formulated for the preservation and protection of IK.
slide47

CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Develop new programmes / models to integrate IK into the planning process through effective participation of people at grass root level.
  • Develop new models / legislations for protecting IK under sui-generis system.
  • Encourage and give priority to conduct scientific research on IK for developing new technologies / new scientifically validated herbal drugs / nutraceuticals / other plant based products like cosmetics, functional food etc. This will help to generate additional income at local / National and even at Global level and further it will improve our health, food and economic security.
  • For patenting the new products arising of IK based research studies, a fast track policy may be evolved at Govt. level.
slide48

CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS

9. Explore the possibilities of identifying suitable funding agencies for the implementation of IK related activities including documentation at state level.

10. During the survey we have come across interesting informations such as preparation of Thulasi pillow, Thevalakkara Puttu (a traditional / ethnic food item), several medicated oil for external application, single / simple herbal formulations etc. As an out come of the survey, can we think of a small scale / large scale production centre for thulasi pillows having some therapeutic effect like relieving stress / tension, ensure good sleep, remove lice etc. as claimed by the people of Peringamala Panchayat. Can we take up a popularization programme for production of traditional food items like ‘Thevalakkara puttu’ for relieving back ache as claimed by the people of Thevalakkara. Can we go for preparing single /simple herbal combinations for effective management of primary health care.

11. Another notable factor recorded was the keen interest shown by the people during the documentation work of the IK. Majority of them believe that IK is very important and it should be conserved / preserved and should be effectively utilized. Therefore a separate budgetary provisions may be provided to the Panchayats to enable them to implement IK related programmes.

slide49

CONCLUSIONS / SUGGESTIONS & RECOMMENDATIONS

12. The local body members also showed their keen interest and welcomed the integration of IK into the planning process. This is to be encouraged and supported.

13. Documentation of IK should be undertaken at Panchayat level involving students, NGOs, Youth and Nature Clubs. Necessary funds should be made available to them.

14. Whenever IK is utilized for a profitable / money generating venture, the IPR of the original custodians should be respected and there should be a just and equitable sharing of the benefit.

15. IK is chiefly applied for problem solving and as such has sufficient proven technical and scientific content. This should be expanded and developed and applied at a larger scale by creating necessary infrastructure and facilities.

slide50

Pittosporum neelgherensis

(Analivegom)

Snake bite

slide51

Barringtonia acutangula

(Samudrakai)

Sinusitis, Head ache

slide52

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

(Adukkuchemparuthi)

Scalp & Hair cleaning (as shampoo / medicated oil)

slide53

Lawsonia inermis

(Mylanchi)

Jaundice

slide54

Vitex nigundo

(Karunochi)

Lumbago, Nervous disorders

slide55

Wrightia tinctoria

(Dandapala)

Skin diseases

slide56

Eclipta alba

(Kaithonni)

Anaemia, Hair tonic

slide57

Zingiber zerumbet

(Kattuchanna)

Insect bite / Insect repellent

slide58

Cycas circinalis

(Kalanga)

Health promotive (edible)

slide59

Caesalpinia bonducella

(Kayatti)

Intestinal colic / Hernia

slide60

Pellionia heyneana

(Chakklipplan)

Snake bite / Immuno enhancer