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Geospatial Data Tools and Services for Academic Library Users: the Mann Library Experience. Gail Steinhart Environmental Sciences and GIS Librarian Albert R. Mann Library Cornell University Northeast GIS Librarians Meeting May 15, 2006. Here we are today.

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slide1

Geospatial Data Tools and Services for Academic Library Users: the Mann Library Experience

Gail Steinhart

Environmental Sciences and GIS Librarian

Albert R. Mann Library

Cornell University

Northeast GIS Librarians Meeting

May 15, 2006

slide2

Here we are today...

  • Supporting the use of GIS tools: instruction, consulting
  • Providing data to GIS users: managing collections, finding additional sources of data
  • Supporting the management and distribution of geospatial data: metadata creation and training, distribution platforms
slide3

... Here's where we'd like to be tomorrow.

  • Easier ways to find data!
  • Geospatially enabled resource discovery systems
  • Geospatial resources for use by expert and non-expert users
  • MORE??
slide4

Supporting the use of GIS tools

  • Hardware and software
    • 22+ computers
    • Two additional instructional / public computing labs
    • 2 plotters
    • 2 GPS units
    • ArcGIS
    • Manifold
    • Google earth
    • HTML image mapper
slide5

Supporting the use of GIS tools

  • Instruction
    • Workshops
    • Program- and course-related instruction
  • Consulting
  • GIS Day
  • synerGIS – local user group
slide6

Here we are today...

  • Supporting the use of GIS tools: instruction, consulting
  • Providing data to GIS users: managing collections, finding additional sources of data
  • Supporting the management and distribution of geospatial data: metadata consulting, creation and training, distribution platforms
slide7

Cornell University Geospatial Information Repository

Jon Corson-Rikert

Programmer / Analyst

Keith Jenkins

Metadata Librarian

Jeff Piestrak

Computer Support Specialist

Gail Steinhart

Environmental Sciences and GIS Librarian

Elaine Westbrooks

Metadata Librarian

Other collaborators:

Jaime Martindale, Lee LaFleur, Nan Hyland, Philip Herold, Tom Turner, Bill Kehoe, Tom Gale

  • http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/
  • Overview
  • Operations and management
  • Future plans
slide8

Cornell University Geospatial Information Repository

  • Online repository for geospatial data and metadata for New York State, coordinate with New York State GIS Clearinghouse
  • Special emphasis on those natural features relevant to agriculture, ecology, natural resources, and human-environment interactions
  • One of the few state-wide repositories created and maintained by a library
  • National Spatial Data Infrastructure node and registered data publisher with geodata.gov
slide9

Data providers:

  • Adirondack Park Agency
  • AWS Truewind
  • Cornell Department of Natural Resources
  • Hudson River Estuary program
  • National Atlas
  • New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets
  • New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
  • Tompkins County ITS/GIS
  • U.S. Census Bureau
  • U.S. Geological Survey
  • USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
slide13

Search:

elevation

slide16

Feedback

Please change it back to the way it was. It was so easy. Why change something that works so well to a system that look aweful and is hard to navigate.  please.

slide17

Feedback

Please change it back to the way it was. It was so easy. Why change something that works so well to a system that look aweful and is hard to navigate.  please.

I have been rooting and rummaging about in your excellent repository for nearly ten years. Several projects over time have only been possible because of the public access you provide. Thank you.Your revised and updated site... I have only this to say: this is probably the first time in the same ten years that I have been impressed and surprised by the reorganization of any informational site anywhere. The new layout and functionality are , in my opinion, a dramatic improvement to an already great site.Congratulations on a job well done!

slide18

Alternate access to data:

  • Participation in NSDI, geodata.gov
  • Metadata sharing project – CUGIR in the OPAC and beyond
  • Web mapping and services (temporarily unavailable)
slide19

Operations: staffing

  • GIS Librarian:
  • Work group coordination
  • Management of partner relationships
  • Collection development
  • User support
  • Programmer / analyst:
  • Database management
  • Server maintenance
  • License manager
  • Web mapping development
  • Metadata Librarian:
  • Metadata creation and editing
  • Metadata consulting
  • Development of new means of data discovery
  • Computer support specialist:
  • Data and metadata processing
  • Web site maintenance
  • User support
  • Collection development librarians
slide20

Operations: support for users

  • CUGIR help pages
  • E-mail form
  • Reference desk questions
slide22

Data management and distribution policy

  • Data and metadata management
    • Preferred formats
    • Preferred coordinate systems
    • Statement of preservation responsibility
    • Data availability via web mapping
    • Metadata enhancements
    • Metadata harvesting
  • Security assessment
  • Use, distribution, and rights
    • Use constraints
    • Intellectual property rights in data
    • Liability
slide23

Security assessment procedure

  • Problem: Security concerns
  • Memo from New York State Director of Public Security
  • Full content review based on actual risk, distribution level
  • Decisions made by data producers
  • Solutions:
  • Formalize data sharing agreements
  • Conduct review on receipt of data
slide24

Security assessment procedure

  • Usefulness
  • Is the information useful for target location or selection purposes?
  • Is the information useful for attack planning purposes?
  • Uniqueness / availability of alternatives
  • Is the information readily available from other geospatial and non-geospatial information sources?
  • Is direct access or direct observation by potential attackers feasible?
  • Can attackers' information needs be met using general engineering and technical expertise?
  • Rand report - Mapping the Riskshttp://www.rand.org/publications/MG/MG142/
slide25

Receipt of data:

  • Review data and metadata
  • With provider:
    • Review data management policy
    • Negotiate changes
    • Update inventory
    • Conduct security review
  • Create data package
  • Update admin DB
  • Upload data to CUGIR/staging area
  • Upload metadata to CUGIR/staging area
  • Create/assign JIRA issue
  • Prepare/edit metadata
  • Upload to CUGIR/staging area
  • Resolve JIRA issue
  • Enable full access to data and metadata
  • Close JIRA issue
  • Announce release of data

Workflow: ingest

slide26

Workflow: metadata creation / enhancement

  • Data providers asked to provide metadata or other forms of documentation.
  • We may collaborate on metadata creation.
  • Enhance metadata for CUGIR:
    • LC subject headings
    • FIPS codes
    • USGS GNIS names
    • ISO topic categories
  • Other additions:
    • Additional liability statements
    • Additional contact information
  • Create alternate forms of record.
slide27

CUGIR – the future

  • Metadata: redistribute processing load
  • Metadata: examine options for tools
  • Metadata: guidelines for data providers
  • Test and develop clearinghouse model for discovery and distribution
    • Many of the most frequently-used datasets are not unique to CUGIR (i.e. census)
    • Trend to managing data “close to the source”
    • Value in one-stop shopping
  • Restore and extend web mapping services
slide28

... Here's where we'd like to be tomorrow.

  • Easier ways to find data!
  • Geospatially enabled resource discovery systems
  • Geospatial resources for use by expert and non-expert users
  • MORE??
slide30

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

  • Stable index to sources of GIS data
  • Constantly updated
  • Trustworthy source of information
  • Browseable – by geography, publisher, topic, ???
  • Searchable
  • Collaborative
slide31

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

Not a static web page.

In philosophy, ontology is the most fundamental branch of metaphysics.

It studies being or existence and their basic categories and relationships, to determine what entities and what types of entities exist.

(From Wikipedia)

CLASSES

PROPERTIES

slide32

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

THING

agent

abstract info

person

online resource

organization

geogr region

slide33

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

THING

agent

abstract info

topic

service

access constraints

person

online resource

organization

data portal

data directory

academic

governmental

non-profit

commercial

geogr region

geopolitical entity

geographic feature

slide34

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

THING

agent

abstract info

topic

service

access constraints

person

online resource

organization

data portal

data directory

academic

governmental

non-profit

commercial

geogr region

geopolitical entity

geographic feature

slide35

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

http://cugir-tng.mannlib.cornell.edu:8080/geo/

slide36

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

http://cugir-tng.mannlib.cornell.edu:8080/geo/

slide37

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

http://cugir-tng.mannlib.cornell.edu:8080/geo/

slide40

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

http://cugir-tng.mannlib.cornell.edu:8080/geo/

slide41

A proposal for a GeoPortal…

  • Uncompleted pieces:
  • Geographic ontology (county is in state is in country…)
    • May be able to use ADL gazetteer
  • Rights ontology
    • May be able to use existing, or create simplified
  • Challenges:
  • ISO topics are very general, but using a more complex system would greatly increase the work of curation
  • Participation?
  • Standards and process for adding and editing resources?
slide42

... Here's where we'd like to be tomorrow.

Geospatially enabled resource discovery systems

  • Goal: develop and interactive web-based mapping application to search for the complete range of georeferenced materials in the Cornell University Library catalog.
  • Components:
  • Develop a database solution for metadata for the library’s map resources;
  • develop an administrative interface that allows for adding and changing metadata for map holdings;
  • develop a user interface to expose this metadata to the end user.
slide43

... Here's where we'd like to be tomorrow.

Geospatial resources for use by expert and non-expert users

  • Build on existing prototype for Tompkins County
    • ~600 images
    • 1938 - 1991
  • New counties: Cayuga, Cortland, Wayne (high priority areas for instruction and research)
    • ~2500 additional images
    • JPEG2000 for distribution, TIFF for archival and on request
    • LUNA for storage and viewer
    • In-house interface for navigation and discovery
slide44

... Here's where we'd like to be tomorrow.

  • Facilitating data distribution and archiving
  • GOAL:  The AEP Upper Susquehanna River Basin project should serve as a source of valuable data and insight for people in county, state, and the Federal government, NGOs, and the public to improve water quality in the Upper Susquehanna Basin and the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Approach:
  • Create a public research portal, with background information, research plans, results, and data.
  • Document data sets using Ecological Metadata Language (EML).
  • Deposit and preserve data sets in Cornell’s digital repository, DSpace.
slide45

... Here's where we'd like to be tomorrow.

Facilitating data distribution and archiving

GOAL:  The AEP Upper Susquehanna River Basin project should serve as a catalyst for innovative cross-disciplinary research at Cornell that will produce better scientific understanding of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment cycling in the Upper Susquehanna basin and the Chesapeake Bay.Approach: Create a wiki, with access restricted to project participants. The wiki can be used to share datasets, preliminary results, and any other information about the project as it progresses, before such information is made publicly available.

slide47

Albert R. Mann Library:

    • http://www.mannlib.cornell.edu/
  • CUGIR:
    • http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/
  • Geo Portal:
    • http://cugir-tng.mannlib.cornell.edu:8080/geo/

Gail Steinhart

Environmental Sciences and GIS and Librarian

Albert R. Mann Library

Cornell University

GSS1@cornell.edu