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Corrective and Preventive Actions (CAPA) www.rmbimedical.com. Corrective Actions. The process of reacting to an existing product problem, customer complaint or other nonconformity and fixing it. Preventive Actions.

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corrective actions
Corrective Actions
  • The process of reacting to an existing product problem, customer complaint or other nonconformity and fixing it.
preventive actions
Preventive Actions
  • A process for detecting potential problems or nonconformance’s and eliminating them.
why capa
Why CAPA?
  • Regulatory Requirements
    • Both FDA and ISO require an active CAPA program as an essential element of a quality system.
  • Customer Satisfaction
    • The ability to correct existing problems or implement controls to prevent potential problems is essential for continued customer satisfaction
  • Good Business Practice
    • Quality problems can have a significant financial impact on a company.
capa procedures
CAPA Procedures
  • Implementing an effective and fully compliant Corrective / Preventive action program is a seven step process.
  • Each step must be thoroughly documented!
    • Properly documented actions provide important historical data for a continuous quality improvement plan and are essential for any product that must meet the regulatory requirements demanded by FDA and ISO.
capa procedures seven steps
CAPA ProceduresSeven Steps
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
capa procedures seven steps1
CAPA ProceduresSeven Steps
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
1 identification
1. Identification
  • The initial step in the process is to clearly define the problem or potential problem.
  • This should include:
    • the source of the information,
    • a detailed explanation of the problem,
    • Documentation of the available evidence that a problem exists.
1 identification source of the information
1. IdentificationSource of the Information
  • The specific source of the information is documented. There are many possible sources:
  • This information is important for the investigation and action plan, but also useful for effectiveness evaluation and communicating the resolution of the problem.
1 identification explanation of the problem
1. IdentificationExplanation of the Problem
  • A description of the problem is written that is concise - but complete.
  • The description must contain enough information so that the specific problem can be easily understood.
1 identification evidence
1. IdentificationEvidence
  • List the specific information, documents, or data available that demonstrates that the problem does exist.
    • This information will be very important during the investigation into the problem.
capa procedures1
CAPA Procedures
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
2 evaluation
2. Evaluation
  • The situation must be evaluated to determine both the need for action and then, the level of action required.
  • An evaluation should include:
    • Potential Impact of the problem.
    • Risk to the company or its customers
    • Remedial Action that may be required
2 evaluation potential impact
2. EvaluationPotential Impact
  • Determine and document specifically why the problem is a concern and what the impact to the company and/or customers may be.
    • Concerns may include costs, function, product quality, safety, reliability, and/or customer satisfaction.
2 evaluation risk
2. EvaluationRisk
  • Based on the result of the impact evaluation, the seriousness of the problem is assessed.
  • The level of risk that is associated with the problem will affect the actions that are taken and the priority assigned to the situation.
2 evaluation remedial action
2. EvaluationRemedial Action
  • The potential impact and risk assessment may indicate a need for some immediate action to remedy the situation until a permanent solution can be implemented.
  • In some cases the remedial action may be adequate. If so, the CAPA can then be closed, after documenting the rationale for this decision and completing appropriate follow up.
capa procedures2
CAPA Procedures
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
3 investigation
3. Investigation
  • A written procedure for doing an investigation into the problem is created.
  • This procedure should include:
    • The objectives for the action
    • An investigation strategy
    • Assignment of responsibility and required resources
3 investigation objective
3. InvestigationObjective
  • The objective is a statement of the desired outcome(s) of the corrective or preventive action.
  • The action will be complete when all aspects of the objective have been met and verified.
3 investigation strategy
3. InvestigationStrategy
  • A set of specific instructions for determining the contributing and root causes of the problem is written.
  • This procedure directs a comprehensive review of all circumstances related to the problem and must consider:
3 investigation assign responsibility and resources
3. InvestigationAssign Responsibility and Resources
  • It is important to assign someone the responsibility for each aspect of the investigation.
  • Any additional resources (financial, equipment, etc) should be identified and documented.
capa procedures3
CAPA Procedures
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
4 analysis
4. Analysis
  • The investigation procedure is used to conduct the investigation into the cause of the problem.
  • Every possible cause is identified and appropriate data collected.
  • The results of the data collection are documented and organized.
  • Everything related to the problem must be identified, but the primary goal must be to find the root cause.
4 analysis possible causes data collection
4. AnalysisPossible Causes / Data Collection
  • A list of all possible causes is created which then form the basis for collecting relevant information, test data, etc.
  • The necessary data and other information is collected that will be used to determine the primary cause of the problem.
analysis results
AnalysisResults
  • Data may come from a variety of sources: testing results and/or a review of records, processes, service information, design controls, operations, and any other information that may lead to a determination of the fundamental cause of the problem.
  • The data collected is organized into a useable form.
  • The resulting documentation should address all of the possible causes previously determined. This information is used to determine the root cause of the problem. The effectiveness of the analysis will depend on the quality and thoroughness of the information available.
4 analysis root cause analysis
4. AnalysisRoot Cause Analysis
  • Use the data to complete a Root Cause Analysis
  • This involves finding the actual cause of the problem rather than simply dealing with the symptoms.
  • Finding the primary cause is essential for determining appropriate corrective and/or preventive actions.
capa procedures4
CAPA Procedures
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
5 action plan
5. Action Plan
  • Using the results from the analysis, the best method(s) for correcting the situation (or preventing a future occurrence) is determined.
  • All of the tasks required to correct the problem and prevent a recurrence are identified and incorporated into an action plan.
  • The plan includes changes that must be made and assigns responsibility for the tasks.
5 action plan actions to be completed
5. Action PlanActions to be Completed
  • List all activities and tasks that must be accomplished to correct the existing problem or eliminate a potential problem, and prevent a recurrence.
  • It is very important identify all actions necessary to address everything that contributed to or resulted from the situation.
5 action plan changes
5. Action PlanChanges
  • Needed changes to documents, processes, procedures, or other system modifications should be described.
  • Enough detail must be included so it is clearly understood what must be done and what the outcome of the changes should be.
5 action plan training
5. Action PlanTraining
  • Employee training is an essential part of any change that is made and should be made part of the action plan.
  • To be effective, all modifications and changes made must be communicated to all persons, departments, suppliers, etc. that were or will be affected.
capa procedures5
CAPA Procedures
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
6 action implementation
6. Action Implementation!
  • The Action Plan that has been developed is executed and all identified tasks and activities completed.
  • The actions that were taken are summarized and all modifications to documents, processes, etc. are listed.
capa procedures6
CAPA Procedures
  • Identification – clearly define the problem
  • Evaluation – appraise the magnitude and impact
  • Investigation – make a plan to research the problem
  • Analysis – perform a thorough assessment
  • Action Plan – create a list of required tasks
  • Implementation – execute the action plan
  • Follow Up – verify and assess the effectiveness
7 follow up
7. Follow up
  • One of the most fundamental steps in the CAPA process is completing an evaluation of the actions that were taken.
  • This evaluation must not only verify the successful completion of the identified tasks, but also assess the appropriateness and effectiveness of the actions taken.
7 follow up key questions
7. Follow upKey Questions
  • Have all of the objectives been met? (Did the actions correct or prevent the problem with assurances that the same situation will not happen again?)
  • Have all recommended changes been completed and verified?
  • Has training and appropriate communications been implemented to assure that all relevant employees understand the situation and the changes that have been made?
  • Has an investigation demonstrated that that the actions taken have not had any additional adverse effect on the product or service?
7 follow up verification results
7. Follow upVerification Results
  • Make sure that appropriate information has been recorded that provides proof that all actions have been completed successfully.
7 follow up validation results
7. Follow upValidation Results
  • A validation of the action is done. This must document that:
    • The root cause of the problem has been solved,
    • Any resulting secondary situations have been corrected,
    • Proper controls have been established to prevent a future occurrence,
    • The actions taken had no other adverse effects.
    • Adequate monitoring of the situation is in place.
capa procedures completion
CAPA ProceduresCompletion
  • When the Follow Up has been finished, the CAPA is complete.
  • It should be dated, and signed by appropriate, authorized personnel.
corrective preventive actions made easy capa facilitator from r m baldwin inc
Corrective / Preventive Actions Made Easy!CAPA Facilitatorfrom R. M. Baldwin, Inc.

An integrated software system for implementing and documenting a fully compliant Corrective / Preventive Actions Program

  • Comprehensive management of corrective / preventive actions
  • Simple step by step process
  • Thorough documentation
  • Encompasses all essential elements of a compliant system
  • Create reports and summaries

For information visit

www.rmbimedical.com

corrective preventive action capa guidelines from r m baldwin inc
Corrective / Preventive ActionCAPA Guidelinesfrom R. M. Baldwin, Inc.

Written guidelines for developing and documenting a comprehensive Corrective / Preventive Actions Program

  • Describes all of the essential elements of a corrective / preventive action system
  • Includes sample forms that can be used or modified.

Download CAPA Guidelines

www.rmbimedical.com

r m baldwin inc
R. M. Baldwin, Inc
  • Multi-Disciplinary Engineering Services
    • Mechanical, electronic, biomedical design
    • Software design and development
    • Regulatory affairs
    • Training
    • Technical writing

Email: rmbi@rmbimedical.com

Website: www.rmbimedical.com

Phone: 616-454-9639