Chronic Adaptations to Training. Assumed knowledge. Detailed understanding of the respiratory and circulatory systems. A thorough understanding of energy systems and anaerobic versus aerobic training. Skeletal muscle structure and function. Chronic versus acute .
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Enlargement of the heart muscle itself. The heart chambers are enlarged, therefore increased ventricular volume – most important is LV size – why?
Stroke volume is the amount of blood pumped per beat. Through aerobic training SV increases at REST, during SUB MAX. workloads and MAX. workloads.
Q = SV x HR
Look at Page 252 LIU again for equations!
-Increases in cardiac output
-red blood cell numbers
- muscle capillarisation
- greater oxygen extraction by muscles