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Child Development/ Jean Piaget. FOUN 3100 August 25, 2003. Development. Why and What?. Child Development in the 16 th Century. Puritans Children are born evil and have a natural tendency toward evil

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child development jean piaget

Child Development/Jean Piaget

FOUN 3100

August 25, 2003

development

Development

Why and What?

child development in the 16 th century
Child Development in the 16th Century
  • Puritans
    • Children are born evil and have a natural tendency toward evil
    • Children are born without knowledge – they are not aware of their evilness and how to lead a good life
    • Teachers/parents must steer children away from natural tendencies so they could go to Heaven
    • “The New England Primer” – rote memorization
child development in the 17 th century
Child Development in the 17th Century
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Émile)
    • Children morally good
    • Stayed that way unless corrupted by society
    • Discovery learning – teachers/parents should create environment for children to explore
child development in the 21 st century
Child Development in the 21st Century
  • What is the basis of the modern day ideas of child development?
    • Puritans or Rousseau?
why is studying development important
Why is studying development important?
  • The more you know, the more capable you are to teach
  • Our society values childhood
    • Individual level
    • Shared characteristics (psychologists)
what is development
What is development?
  • The pattern of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional changes that begins at conception and continues through the life span.
development the whole child
Development: The Whole Child

Biological

Socioemotional

Cognitive

periods of development
Periods of Development
  • Infancy: birth to 18 months
  • Early childhood: 18 months to 6-years-old
  • Middle and late childhood:6 to 11-years-old
  • Adolescence: 10 to 18-years-old
  • Early adulthood: late teens to early 30s
cognitive processes

Cognitive Processes

Jean Piaget

(1896-1980)

piaget s theory
Piaget’s Theory
  • Piaget was interested in:
    • how we develop our understanding of the things around us
    • How kids come to know day-to-day things adults take for granted
three characteristics of piaget s theory
Three Characteristics of Piaget’s Theory
  • Biological model
  • Structured theory
  • Stages
biological model
Biological Model
  • Piaget’s education – Biology
  • Explained development using biological terms
    • Example: over time our knowledge gets more advanced and more differentiated as cells do during prenatal growth
structured theory
Structured Theory
  • Interested in how things are organized
  • Determined that children do not think in the same way as adults
  • Schemas
    • Change as we get older
    • Assimilation
    • Accommodation
  • Equilibration
characteristics of piaget s stages
Characteristics of Piaget’s Stages
  • Reflect an underlying mental structure
  • Describe a person in a state of equilibrium
  • Must follow the order developed by Piaget
  • Cannot skip stages
  • Composed partly of preparation and party of achievement
  • Found in all cultures - Universal
piaget s stages of development
Piaget’s Stages of Development
  • Sensorimotor Stage: birth to 2
    • Infants use senses to understand their world
    • Object permanence
piaget s stages of development17
Piaget’s Stages of Development
  • Preoperational Stage: 2 to 7
    • Increased use of language
    • Egocentrism
    • Animism
    • Centration
    • Lack of conservation
    • Lack reversibility (operations)
piaget s stages of development18
Piaget’s Stages of Development
  • Concrete Operational Stage: 7 to 11
    • Operations
    • Logical reasoning only in concrete situations
    • Classification
    • Seriation
piaget s stages of development19
Piaget’s Stages of Development
  • Formal Operational Stage: 11 – 15
    • More logical thought
    • Abstract thought
    • Idealistic thought
    • Hypothetical-deductive reasoning
strengths of piaget s theory
Strengths of Piaget’s Theory
  • One of the first formal, comprehensive theories on child development
  • Children as active, constructive thinkers
  • Methodology – interested in why kids got wrong answers
  • Observation methods
  • Cognitive growth: partial accomplishments vs. complete appearance at once
weaknesses of piaget s theory
Weaknesses of Piaget’s Theory
  • Estimates of time related to children’s competencies
  • Development does not always occur in a stage-like fashion
  • Children can be trained to be at the next stage