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Belgian experience with respect to monitoring of radioactive material in scrap metal. Group of Experts on Monitoring of Radioactively Contaminated Scrap Metal Second Session – Geneva, 12-14 June 2006. S. Pepin and Y. Pouleur, Federal Agency for Nuclear Control - Belgium. Stand of the situation.

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belgian experience with respect to monitoring of radioactive material in scrap metal

Belgian experience with respect to monitoring of radioactive material in scrap metal

Group of Experts on Monitoring of Radioactively Contaminated Scrap Metal

Second Session – Geneva, 12-14 June 2006

S. Pepin and Y. Pouleur, Federal Agency for Nuclear Control - Belgium

stand of the situation
Stand of the situation

Monitoring of radioactivity takes places in two main sectors:

  • Recycling of scrap metal (major scrap yards, foundries,…) (~ 50 facilities)
  • Waste management facilities (landfills, incinerators) (~ 10 facilities)

Portal monitors (mostly) + grapple-mounted detectors

regulations
Regulations
  • Monitoring not compulsory (apart for some categories of waste landfills)
  • Federal Agency for Nuclear Control (FANC) issued “directives for the use of portal monitors in the non nuclear sector” => technical directives to guide the operators in dealing with detection of radioactive material (radioprotection thresholds, notification procedure,…)

+ technical annex for radioprotection experts (exemption levels,…)

regulations 2
Regulations (2)
  • Several administrations involved (federal + regional)
  • Ongoing discussions with regional administrations over where to impose monitoring
  • Identify the nodal points of the scrap recycling network (balance between need for monitoring and costs of monitoring)
  • Transposition of EU directive 2003/122/Euratom : Royal Decree of May 23, 2006
incidents statistics
Incidents statistics

Number of radioactive sources detected in 2004-2005 (not including short-lived radionuclides + NORM):

  • Waste management sector: 27
  • Scrap recycling sector: 53

Detail by category:

Very few incidents involving shipments from abroad

incidents statistics 2
Incidents statistics (2)

Number of detection (2004-2005) as a function of the dose rate in contact with the source

waste sectorscrap sector

other issues
Other issues
  • Importance of training and information (workgroup communication, FAQs, website)
  • Financial consequences :
  • up to now => operators are responsible
  • discussions for a public funds are ongoing (insolvability fund of the operators of the nuclear sector)