Navigating Career Planning Virginia Career Education Foundation 2013-2014
Want ad for tomorrow’s workforce: Help Wanted: Creative individuals with strong problem-solving skills, excellent computer skills, the flexibility to adapt to rapidly changing markets, the ability to work in a multi-disciplinary environment, and the skills needed to effectively collaborate across cultures in a global marketplace.
Hot Career Fields Health Care Education
Hot Career Fields Technology Finance
Hot Career Fields Services (Safe from offshoring!) Construction
Fastest Growing Occupations Sept. 2013 Service and Unit Operators Oil, Gas, and MiningMedianSalary: $41,970 Petroleum Engineers MedianSalary: $130,280 Music Directors and ComposersMedianSalary: $47,350 Interpreters and Translators MedianSalary: $45,460 Massage TherapistsMedianSalary: $35,970 Human Resources Specialists MedianSalary: $55,800 Coaches and ScoutsMedianSalary: $28,360 Personal Financial AdvisorsMedianSalary: $67,520 Personal Care AidesMedianSalary: $19,910 Skin Care SpecialistsMedianSalary: $28,640 Source: usatoday.com
Ahead-of-the-Curve Careers Asian-business-development specialist Behavioral geneticist Computational biologist Data miner Emergency planning manager Green-collar consultant Health informatics specialist Immigration specialist Offshoring manager (farshored, nearshored, homeshored) Patient advocate Simulation developer Wellness coach
Old paradigm was that college was the path to…. New Considerations? The type of degree matters!
10 of Today’s Hottest Jobs! Nurse Practitioner $83,273-$96,650E-Mail Marketer $43,840-$84,430Network Security Engineer $57,240-$97,660Environmental Engineer $61,500-$99,180Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Driver $30,270-$46,920Physician Assistant $73,040-$101,690Social Media Manager $38,960-$71,820Financial Analyst $56,310-$99,230Software Engineer-Mobile Applications $69,090-$109,210Home Health Aide $17,900-$24,020 Source: Kiplinger, Bureau of Labor Statistics, and Career Builder, 2011 Read more at:http://www.kiplinger.com/slideshow/business/T012-S001-now-hiring-10-of-today-s-hottest-jobs/index.html
10 Best College Majors for A Lucrative Career 10. Construction 9. Information Science 8. Math 7. Finance 6. Information Systems 5. Nursing 4. Information Systems Management 3. Civil Engineering 2. Computer Science 1. Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Source: Kiplinger, Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce, and the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 2013. Read more at http://www.kiplinger.com/slideshow/business/T012-S001-10-best-college-majors-for-a-lucrative-career/index.html#Wm2OfrFGg4M1aJxO.99
Highest Paying Jobs in US OccupationAverage Annual Wages1. Anesthesiologists $232,8302. Surgeons $230,5403. Obstetricians and Gynecologists $216,7604. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons $216,4405. Internists, General $191,5206. Orthodontists $186,3207. Physicians and Surgeons, All Other $184,8208. Family and General Practitioners $180,8509. Psychiatrists $177,52010. Chief Executives $176,840 Source:US News and World Report, March 2013
Highest Paying Jobs in US – Non-Medical OccupationAverage Annual Wages1. Chief Executives $176,8402. Petroleum Engineers $147,4703. Architectural and Engineering Managers $133,2404. Lawyers $130,8805. Natural Sciences Managers $130,4006. Marketing Managers $129,8707. Computer and Information Systems Managers $129,1308. Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers $128,7609. Financial Managers $123,26010. Sales Managers $119,980 Source:US News and World Report, March 2013
10 Best Jobs That Require No College DegreeKiplinger , August 2012 1. Pile-driver Operators $47,8602. Brickmasons & Blockmasons $46,930 3. Commercial Pilots $67,500 4. Electricians $48,250 5. Drywall Tapers $49,490 6. Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters $46,6607. Construction and Building Inspector $52,360 8. Insurance Sales Agent $46,770 9. Telecommunications Equipment Installer $54,71010. Manufacturing Sales Rep. $52,440
High Paying Jobs in US That Require 2-Yr. College DegreeVirginia Employment Commission: Spring 2005 Health Care Practitioners $66k Business Analysts $58k Mechanical Engineers $57k General/Operations Managers $54k Computer/IT Systems Managers $50k ** Average wages in VA in 2012: $49,540 (Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2012)
This helps explain why…. 30% to 40% of Community College students already have a 4-Year College Degree. “You want fries with that?”
Just look at today’s world! Jobs have changed Different options exist New training is required Traditional timelines have changed
Changes in the Skill Level Required for Jobs in the U.S. 1950 2000 Source: Virginia Employment Commission, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Projections for New Job Growth Other 2014 University Continuing Education Association, 2009 2020Techniques, Sept. 2009 …STILL only 20% of all jobs require a four-year degree or more(Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Even milestones of life are changing… New Age for Adulthood? 30
Why? This is the age that adolescents: Finish education Become financially independent Move away from home! The Washington Times (65% of college graduates plan to return home after graduation!) Yahoo Survey
Why does it take so long? It takes longer to graduate from college Job market for new jobs has been weak Housing is expensive!
Career Clusters "A Career Cluster is a grouping of occupations and broad industries based on commonalities. The sixteen career clusters provide an organizing tool for schools, small learning communities, academies and magnet schools.“ Become familiar with the titles and organization of the 16 career clusters
Career Pathways "As defined in the state’s first strategic plan for career pathways, Bridging Business and Education for the 21st Century Workforce, career pathways are connected education and training programs and support services that enable individuals to secure employment with a specific occupational sector and to advance over time to successively higher levels of education or employment in that sector."
ACADEMIC AND CAREER PLANS Requires student, parent/guardian, and school official signatures
How are you going to support yourself or pay for post-secondary school? If a student has to work, does he have any skills that will get him paid more than minimum wage? Annual salary at minimum wage?*(based on $7.25/hour for 40 hours per week for 52 weeks) * As of 10/13 Gross Income: $15,080
Options for High School and Beyond Industry Certifications Community College Career College Four-Year College or University Registered Apprenticeship Military Training
Consider Career and Technical Education and Industry Certifications
Consider Career and Technical Education in High School Earn certifications that lead to higher salaries for part time work Receive free training that would cost $1,000s in the private sector
Great Deals for High School Students ClassPrivatelyPublicSchool A+ $2,600 Free LPN $3,296 Free Cosmetology $5,700+ Free Cisco $12,000 Free Oracle $10,000 Free
These Deals Lead to Decent Salaries ClassStarting Salaries A+ $30k LPN $34k Cosmetology $25k Cisco $75K Oracle $80k NOTE: Average starting salary of 2013 college graduates was $45,327. Source: NACE 2013 Salary Survey
Career and Technical Education offers options! 3. Earn free dual enrollment college credits while still in high school Graduating from high school and community college at same time! RTD, May 10, 2005
-Available for many CTE courses and some academic courses -Credits may be accepted at many VA 4-year colleges -Leads into community college associate degree programs
Career and Technical Education offers options! Try out a career before investing huge costs Kimon CampbellLPN program in high school -Worked as LPN while completing RN
5. Offers training for current in-demand careers! Remember! Only 20% of jobs require a college degree. • 65% of jobs require technical training!
Consider Community College Great way to get a feel for college Remember that tuition, fees, room and board will rise to more than four or five times Community College cost at a four-year college or university – plan early for Years 3 and 4!
Consider Apprenticeship Name: Jennifer KingAge: 24 Hometown: LA Salary: $60,800/yrCollege: none Source: Techniques 2007
Who should go to college right after high school? Those who are in the top 10% of their class AND score in the top 10% on SAT or ACT Those who don’t meet #1 but have a clear goal (their own goal, not their parents’ goal) that requires a college education. If not in either group – get a job, find yourself, go to college later with much greater motivation or choose appropriate post-secondary training The Chronicle of Higher Education, Nov. 9, 2009, in Comments to article “Are Too Many Students Going to College?”
Average U.S. cost for 4 years at a public, four-year college in 2012-2013 was$89,044. 4 years in a private school – more than $173,156. Collegedata.com 2013
Takes longer to get a degree! Graduation Rates of Freshmen Entering in 2006: College In 4 yrs. In 6 yrs. UVA 85.1% 93% William & Mary 78.4% 89.3% VA Tech 57.5% 80% JMU 54.8% 79.9% CNU 48.8% 63.9% Longwood 39.4% 60.5% Radford 34.5% 59.7% George Mason 31.8% 60.7% VCU 25.9% 54.4%State Average: 46.2% at 4 years and 68.9% at 6 years (Source: SCHEV 2013)National Average: 54.1% graduate in 4 years and 81% in 6 years (Source: Slate, Feb. 2013)
How Do You Explain This? Budget cuts make it harder to get required courses for graduation The more selective the college’s admission policy, the higher the graduation rate Many students change majors adding years necessary to get a degree 60% transfer before graduating