1 / 19

190 likes | 361 Views

ENGR 2213 Thermodynamics. F. C. Lai School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering University of Oklahoma. Thermodynamic Properties of Water. Phase Change of Water. T. v. Thermodynamic Properties of Water. Phase Change of Water. T. v. Thermodynamic Properties of Water.

Download Presentation
## ENGR 2213 Thermodynamics

**An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation**
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.
Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only.
Download presentation by click this link.
While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.

E N D

**ENGR 2213 Thermodynamics**F. C. Lai School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering University of Oklahoma**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**Phase Change of Water T v**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**Phase Change of Water T v**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**Phase Change of Water T v**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**Phase Change of Water T v**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**Critical point Phase Change of Water ● T Superheated vapor Subcooled liquid Saturated mixture Saturated liquid line Saturated vapor line v**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**Saturation State A state at which a phase change begins or ends Critical Point Intersection of saturated liquid and saturated vapor Single-Phase Regions Subcooled liquid (compressed liquid), superheated vapor Two-Phase Region Liquid-vapor mixture**States of Water**Compressed liquid (Subcooled liquid) compressed liquid ●For a given T, P > Psat subcooled liquid ●For a given P, T < Tsat ●For a given v, v < vf Superheated vapor superheated vapor ●For a given P, T > Tsat ●For a given T, P < Psat ●For a given v, v > vg**States of Water**Saturated mixture ●For a given T, P = Psat ●For a given P, T = Tsat ●For a given v, vf < v < vg Quality 0 ≤ x ≤ 1**Saturated Mixture of Water**V = Vf + Vg**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**P-v-T Relations of Water water most substances**Thermodynamic Properties of Water**P-T Diagram of Water liquid liquid Critical point Critical point ● ● Pressure Pressure solid solid ● ● Triple point Triple point vapor vapor Temperature Temperature**Thermodynamic Property Tables of Water**Simple System A system for which there is only one way the system energy can be altered by work as the system undergoes a quasi-equilibrium process. Simple Compressible System The only mode of energy transfer by work is associated with the volume change (expansion or compression).**Thermodynamic Property Tables of Water**State Principle (State Postulate) The number of independent properties required to specify the state of a system is one plus the number of relevant work interactions. Number of independent properties = 1 + Number of work interactions The number of independent properties required to specify the state of a simple compressible system is two.**Thermodynamic Property Tables of Water**Single-Phase Region (Compressed Liquid, Superheated Vapor) ● Temperature and Pressure ● Temperature and Specific Volume ● Pressure and Specific Volume Two-Phase Region (Saturated Mixture) ● Temperature and Specific Volume ● Temperature and Quality ● Pressure and Specific Volume ● Pressure and Quality**Thermodynamic Property Tables of Water**● Saturated Water – Temperature Table (A-4) ● Saturated Water – Pressure Table (A-5) ● Superheated Vapor (A-6) ● Compressed Liquid (A-7) Linear interpolation is required when the states encountered in problems do not fall exactly on the values provided by the tables.**Example 1**A rigid tank contains 50 kg of saturated liquid water at 100 ºC. Determine the pressure in the tank and the volume of the tank. A rigid tank contains 50 kg of saturated liquid water at 100 ºC. Determine the pressure in the tank and the volume of the tank. Table A-4, Psat = 101.35 kPa, P = Psat = 101.35 kPa Table A-4, vf = 0.001044 m3/kg, V = mvf = 50 (0.001044) = 0.052 m3**Example 2**A piston-cylinder device contains 2 m3 of saturated water vapor at 100 kPa pressure. Determine the temperature of the vapor and the mass of the vapor Inside the cylinder. A piston-cylinder device contains 2 m3 of saturated water vapor at 100 kPa pressure. Determine the temperature of the vapor and the mass of the vapor inside the cylinder. Table A-5, Tsat = 99.63 ºC, T = Tsat = 99.63 ºC Table A-5, vg = 1.694 m3/kg, m = V/vg = 2/(1.694) = 1.18 kg**Example 3**A rigid tank contains 10 kg of water at 90 ºC. If 8 kg of the water is in the liquid form and the rest is in the vapor form. Determine the pressure in the tank and the volume of the tank . A rigid tank contains 10 kg of water at 90 ºC. If 8 kg of the water is in the liquid form and the rest is in the vapor form. Determine the pressure in the tank and the volume of the tank . Table A-4, Psat = 70.14 kPa, P = Psat = 70.14 kPa Table A-4, vf = 0.001036 m3/kg, vg = 2.361 m3/kg V = Vf+Vg = mfvf + mgvg = 8(0.001036) + 2(2.361) = 4.73 m3 v = vf+x(vg - vf) = 0.001036 + 0.2(2.361 – 0.001036) = 0.473 m3/kg V = mv = 10(0.473) = 4.73 m3

More Related