Final Review Created by Emily, Lauren and Teagan
Divide the sentence into the subject/predicate pair 1. Hamilton was a hedgehog. 2. Mary rode on her bike to the grocery store. 3. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times. 4. Wash the dishes. 5. The murder weapon was found in the alley.
Answers 1. Hamilton was a hedgehog. 2. Mary rode on her bike to the grocery store. 3. It was the best of times; it was the worst of times. 4. (You) Wash the dishes. 5. The murder weapon was found in the alley.
Why? Predicate: The verb in the sentence. Complete Predicate: includes all the words that state the action or condition of the subject Subject: The WHO or WHAT in the sentence. Complete Subject: includes all the words that tell WHO or WHAT the sentence is about.
What are the prepositional phrases? 1.Where are my glasses? I thought I left them in the drawer. 2. Your glasses are on your head 3. Thank you, we can get some custard at Culvers. 4. I love reading the flyers about the Flavor of the Day!
Answers 1.Where are my glasses? I thought I left them in the drawer. 2. Your glasses are on your head! 3. Thank you, we can get some custard at Culvers. 4. I love reading the flyers about the Flavor of the Day!
Why? About Above Across After Along Among Around At Before Beside Between Against Within Without Beneath Through During Under In Into Over Of Off To Toward These are the prepositions. Words that tie directly to the preposition plus the preposition, are called a prepositional phrase. Up On Near Far From Except By With Beside Below Down
Add commas where necessary 1. Please bring me my backpack Mom. 2. According to Shelly spiders are gross. 3. Waterskiing one of my favorite water sports is fun and gives me a rush. 4. I got flour salt milk and sugar at the store. 5. She had a happy smiling face.
Answers 1. Please bring me my backpack,Mom. 2. According to Shelly, spiders are gross. 3. Waterskiing, one of my favorite water sports, is fun and gives me a rush. 4. I got flour, salt, milk, and sugar at the store. 5. She had a happy, smiling face.
Why? 1.This directly addresses a person. 2.This is an introductory phrase 3.This is an appositive (extra information) 4.This lists items in a series 5. The adjectives are of equal importance, therefore the sentence is in need of a comma
Fragment or run on? 1. I want to shop and I want to read. 2. The books on the shelf in the classroom. 3. Running to school. 4. I love Taylor Swift and I love Justin Bieber. 5. The popcorn was tasty but the slushies were better.
Answers 1. I want to shop and I want to read. Run on 2. The books on the shelf in the classroom. Fragment 3. Running to school. Fragment 4. The weather. Fragment 5. The popcorn was tasty but the slushies were better. Run On
Why? A fragment is when the sentence is missing a subject or a predicate. A run on is when a sentence has two subject predicate pairs but lacks proper punctuation.
Put the words into their plural form 1. Deer 2. Louse 3. Bureau 4. Person 5. Child 6. Datum
Answers 1. Deer-Deer 2. Louse-Lice 3. Bureau-Bureaux 4. Person-People 5. Child-Children 6. Datum-Data
Compound, complex, or simple? 1. My sister likes dogs; she says they are cute. 2. I went to bed early because I was tired. 3. Even though we annoy each other, we still have fun. 4. I can’t believe it is Friday already!
Answers 1. My sister likes dogs; she says they are cute. Compound 2. I went to bed early because I was tired. Complex 3. Even though we annoy each other, we still have fun. Complex 4. I can’t believe it is Friday already! Simple
Why? Complex: One independent clause joined with a dependent clause, with two subject/predicate pairs. Compound: Two independent clauses joined by a conjunction. (,FANBOYS or semicolon) Also has two subject/predicate pairs Simple: Has one subject/predicate pair.
Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, or Exclamatory? 1. I love my hedgehog! 2. We made pizza. 3. Grab that box. 4. Do you like hedgehogs? 5. Don’t drop it.
Answers 1. I love my hedgehog! Exclamatory 2. We made pizza. Declarative 3. Grab that box. Imperative 4. Do you like hedgehogs? Interrogative 5. Don’t drop it. Imperative
Why? • Exclamatory sentences are when you exclaim things. They end in exclamation points! • Declarative sentences are when you declare things. They end in periods. • Imperative sentences are when it someone is giving an order. It is imperative that follow the order that is given. • Interrogative is when the sentence is asking a question. Have you ever heard of the interrogation room that detectives use? They ask the suspect questions in the interrogation room.
What tenses are the sentences? 1. We went to the game. 2. The hedgehog is fun! 3. I love ice cream. 4. I had a good time in Tennessee. 5. The rhinos are cool animals.
Answers 1. We went to the game. Past. 2. The hedgehog is fun! Present. 3. I love ice cream. Present. 4. I had a good time in Tennessee. Past. 5. The rhinos are cool animals. Present.
Why? Past: when something has already happened . Past tense verbs usually end in -ed • (It’s a thing of the past!) Present: When something is currently happening. Present tense verbs usually end in -ing • (There is no time like the present)
Is the sentence tone...or mood? 1. The gloomy haunted house made a creaking noise. 2. I wish that disgusting dog would stop. 3. This is an awful apartment.
Answers 1. The dark haunted house made a creaking noise. Mood. 2. I wish that disgusting dog would stop. Tone. 3. This is an awful apartment. Tone.
Why? The best way to explain it is this!
Capitalize where needed 1. julian and becca shopped at jcpenney. 2. I love visiting the south; I love the people’s accents 3. Polly achieved the superior honors honor roll. 4. In school, I take english, spanish, and math.
Answers 1. Julian and Becca shopped at JCPenney. 2. I love visiting the South; I love the people’s accents. 3. Polly achieved the Superior Honors Honor Roll. 4. In school I take English, Spanish, and math.
Why 1. Capitalize names and names of places 2. Capitalize proper nouns (South is acting as one) 3. Capitalize proper nouns 4. Capitalize the names of languages, don’t capitalize generic subjects.
Find the double negatives 1.I don’t seldom eat out at lunch. 2.We don’t hardly talk anymore. 3.She doesn’t hardly play basketball. 4. Greta doesn’t seldom completes her homework.
Answers 1. I don’t seldom eat out at lunch. 2. We don’t hardly talk anymore. 3. She doesn’t hardly play basketball. 4. Greta doesn’t seldom completes her homework.
Why? For all the questions, you can remove either negative. Removing one negative may make the sentence flow better. Deleting either would still be grammatically correct as long as the rest of the sentence agree.
Is the sentence is active or passive? 1.The dog jumped over the log. 2.The chair was blown over by the wind. 3. I danced in the show. 4.The paper was taken away. 5.The cat was scared by the dog.
Answers 1. Active 2. Passive 3. Active 4. Passive 5. Passive
Why? Ask yourself what is happening in the sentence. Then find the subject-predicate pairs. If the subject does the action, then it is written in active voice. If not, it is written in passive voice.
Find the possessive noun. Is it correct? 1. Look at the childrens’ shirts. 2. Did you see Chris’ new shirt? 3. That is my dogs’ favorite too! 4. Those women’s hats are huge. 5. Gus’s favorite foods are tacos and pizza.
1. Look at the childrens’shirts. (children’s) 2. Did you see Chris’ new shirt? (Chris’s) 3. That is my dogs’ favorite too! (dog’s) 4. Those women’s hats are huge. correct 5. Gus’s favorite color dark green . correct
Why? 1. Children’s because there are more than 1 child and no ‘s at end. 2. Chris’s because their is only one Chris 3. Dog’s because their is only one dog. 4. correct because more than 1 woman and no s at the end 5. Gus’s because only 1 Gus
Fix the pronoun antecedent. 1.Everyone brought their own pencil. 2. No one has read their book yet. 3. After school, all of us went to his/her house. 4. Each student has his/her own locker. 5. Nobody wants their project grade to be a F.
Answers 1.Everyone brought his/her own pencil. 2. No one has read his/her book yet. 3. After school, all of us went to their house. 4. Each student has their own locker. 5. Nobody wants his/her project grade to be an F.
Why? Words ending in -one or -body as well as each and one need to have singular pronouns.
What literary device is being used. 1.The water is as cold as ice. 2. The stars danced in the moon light. 3.He is the smartest person in the whole world! 4. Charley and Creagan created a colorful can. 5. My life is a rollercoaster.
Answers 1. Simile 2. Personification 3. Hyperbole 4. Alliteration 5. Metaphor
Why? 1. A simile compares two things using “like” or “as” 2. Personification gives human qualities to objects. 3. Hyperbole is a huge exaggeration. 4.Alliteration is repeating on sound. 5. metaphor compares 2 things without like/as.
Fix the sentence so it’s parallel. 1. We have swimming, dancing and to work on our project tonight. 2. Do you like to play tag, running or to swing better? 3. My sister needs us to make supper, to clean her room and wash laundry before we can leave.
Answers 1. We have swimming, dancing and working on our project tonight. 2. Do you like to play tag, to run or to swing better? 3. My sister needs us to make supper, to clean her room and to wash laundry before we can leave.
Why? 1. Swimming and dancing end in -ing, so work needs an -ing. 2. To play and to swim both are infinitives, so run needs to be to run. 3. To make and to clean are infinitives, which means was needs to be to wash.
Correctly punctuate the titles. 1.counting stars (song) 2. anne of green gables (book) 3. where the sidewalk ends (poem) 4.the bell and the hammer (chapter in book) 5.starry night (painting) 6.wicked (musical)
Answers 1. “Counting Stars” 2. Anne of Green Gables 3. “Where the Sidewalk Ends” 4. “The Bell and The Hammer” 5. Starry Night 6. Wicked