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THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT OF SPECIAL CAPITAL DISTRICT OF JAKARTA. THE STRATEGICAL OUTLINE SCENARIO OF THE AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN THE PROVINCIAL AREA OF DKI JAKARTA. CLEAN AIR PROGRAM. Action Plan for Jakarta Air Quality Management. 2002 - 2007. Jakarta Bay. North Jakarta.

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the provincial government of special capital district of jakarta

THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT OF SPECIAL CAPITAL DISTRICT OF JAKARTA

THE STRATEGICAL OUTLINE SCENARIO OF THE AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT

IN THE PROVINCIAL AREA OF

DKI JAKARTA

CLEAN AIR PROGRAM

Action Plan for Jakarta Air Quality Management

2002 - 2007

slide2

Jakarta Bay

North Jakarta

West Jakarta

Central Jakarta

East Jakarta

Tangerang

South Jakarta

Bekasi

Depok

DKI JAKARTA

Legend :

Land area : 661,62 km.sq

Total Population : 9.604,900

Population density : 14.500/km sq

slide3

INTRODUCTION

  • Jakarta sustainable development in line with development objectives outline in The Development Policy Guidelines, there are at least three major aspects :
    • Continuation of economic growth that ensure sustainable utilization of natural resources and environment;
    • Access to basic needs for all people
    • Development with involvement all stake holders.
  • The development objective is to develop DKI Jakarta as “a service city” so that it can have equal position with other large cities in the world.
  • Environmental problems in Jakarta are AIR POLLUTION ,water pollution, waste disposal, acid deposition, and pollution from small and medium scale enterprises, enforcement and standard.
i air quality
I. AIR QUALITY
  • Air: Needs, Availability & Quality
  • Urban mobility and productivity
  • Emission: Potential Source and Pollutant
  • Air Quality and Quality Standard: Functions/Allotment, Indicator & Guides
  • Air Quality Management: Policy Formulation, Planning & Programing, Implementing, Monitoring, dan Evaluation
  • Clean Air Program and the Legitimation
ii air pollution
II. AIR POLLUTION
  • Logical consequence of People and Things: the infrastructure of city transportation services.
  • Logical consequence of city planning and development: Land use planning and distribution
  • Fuel and Energy: Availability, quality and behavior
  • Source of Air Pollution by its process:
    • The process of refined fuel oil incineration (industry and transportation)
    • The process where fuel incineration does not exist (construction, incinerator and industry)
  • Local condition & Air Pollution Potential: Contour/Topography, mixing height
iii air pollution in jakarta
III. AIR POLLUTION IN JAKARTA
  • Monitoring:
    • The infrastructure of air quality monitoring
    • Allotment and road-side representation
    • Main pollutant concentration
  • Energy & Fuel Consumption:

- Types, quality, quantity, subsidy

- Price Fluctuation

- Alternative: Cheap and easy to obtain

  • Local Condition : Mixing height, land contour and topography
slide8

Air Quality of Jakarta

Source : Bapedalda DKI Jakarta

1. Residential Area 2. Commercial Area 4. Recreation Area

A. Kel. Duri Kosambi F. Kel. Gambir I. Kel. Ancol

B. Kel. Pegadungan

C. Kel. Cipedak 3. Industrial Area

D. Kel. Tebet G. Kel. Cilincing

E. Kel. Pinang Ranti H. Kel. Rawa Terate

slide10

AIR QUALITY

DOMINANT POLLUTANT : - PARTICULATE

- OZON

AIR CHARACTER : TROPIC

slide11

IV. PROBLEMS

1. The Mobility, Energy Consumption and Source of Pollutant

2. Public Transportation Condition: Recent backbone of city transportation system

3. The contributions of public transportation vehicles

4. The contributions of goods transportation vehicles

  • The contributions of the industry
slide14

V. OTHER FACTS

1. Public mobility and services: Bureaucracy vs. E-Services

2. Working Hours/Days: the distribution of air pollution and the network density

3. Environmental Health Quality: diseases domination

4. Urban productivity

slide15

Scheme of air pollution management

MONITORING DATA

Inventory data

Air quality monitoring

Emission Inventory

Numerical Air Pollution Model

Control strategy formulation

Numerical model prediction

Information System

Formulation of control strategy

( Clean Air Program )

vi outline of strategies principles of air quality management
VI. OUTLINE OF STRATEGIES & PRINCIPLES OF AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
  • Political Will: The commitment reflected in the regional regulations and legislations products (Repetada, Renstra dan APBD)
  • Maximizing Opportunities: Platform of legitimized works (UU No. 22/99, UU No. 34/99, UU No. 23/97, UU No. 18/97)
  • Think Globally-Act Locally
  • Polluters Pay Principle not Victims Pay Principle
vii scope target of action
VII. SCOPE & TARGET OF ACTION

7.1. Scope

1. Those connected with the process/consumption of oil in the transportation and industry sectors(mobile sources & stationary sources)

2. Those related with the process/activities that there are no fuel (stench, noise, vibration, trash incineration, usage of solvent, indoor pollution)

3. Those related to the introduction of alternative fuel (Gas, Biodiesel, Ethanol etc.)

slide18

7.2. Target (Qualitative)

(1)Ambient Air quality control ( Ambient and road-side) particularly main parameter – Ambient Management

(2) Quality control of emission from various sources – Emission Management

(3) The Introduction of Alternative Fuel that is environment friendly

slide19

7.3. Targets (Quantitative)

(1) By the end of 2005 the concentration of the entire pollutant parameter reach or not exceeding the requirements of ambient air quality standards.

(2) By the end of 2005 emission contributions of its sources will be less significantly up to 50%

  • The establishment of the air quality monitoring infrastructure to increase the quality/effectiveness of 2005 program.
  • Significant change of the parameter for the quality of public health and urban productivity in the year 2005
  • By the end of 2004, the means and promotion of alternative fuel development / provisions investments.

(6) By the end of 2005, the availability of additive alternative/substitute fuel

viii program indicators
VIII. PROGRAM INDICATORS

8.1. Quality of Ambient Air (General/ Road-Side)

(1) Level of Quality up to end of 2003 stays constant, similar to the condition in the end of the 6th Five Year Development Plans (Repelita VI)

(2) End of 2004, dust quality reached the Quality Standard.

(3) End of 2005, quality increase = quality standard (dust in the vortex/threshold)

(4) End 2006: dust approach the lowest threshold

(5) End 2007: entirely in the vortex/threshold

slide21

(1) End 2003: Inventory of potential pollutant sources and preparation of statements (self assessment)

(2) End 2003: Completed software

(3) End 2004: D & E air pollution control unit in the potential sources

(4) End 2004: Inventory of the entire pollutant sources completed & preparation of statement

(5) End 2005: Final stage of the control unit trial, D & E control unit on the pollutant sources

(6) End 2006: Fulfillment of the Stationary Emmsion Standard

8.2. Quality of the Emission from Stationary Sources

slide22

(1) Declaration of I & M System - September 2002

(2) End 2003: Completed software

(3) Until end of 2004 have been implemented:

* Promotion of I&M Workshop

investment/business

* Sosialisation I&M program

* Training for I&M technicians and Workshop

* Interconnecting/ net working I&M Program

* Registration of I&MWorkshop

* Registration of I&M Appraisal Consultant

8.3. Quality of Mobile Sources Emission

slide23
-

* Standardization of Accreditation and Certification Criteria

* Random Test of car emission /PUTE

* Participation of NGOs * Development of Cooperations with other parties

(Swisscontact, GLS, Association of Motorcycles Factories,

Organda, Firms, Sister state/city/province)

* Development of air pollution control science and technology

* Smoke belching campaign

(4) End 2005– Fulfillment of the emmision standard from

the private car

(5) End 2005 – The growth of private Testing Facilities for

emission from car

(6) In the year of 2004 Preparing regulation and technical aspect

for motorcyle emission testing

ix indication program
IX. INDICATION PROGRAM

9.1. Deregulation of the Mining and Energy sector

9.2. Deregulation Transportation Sector

9.3. Deregulation of related Tax and Retributions

9.4. Deregulations of Goods Transportation Pattern

9.5. Deregulation Working Hours/Working Days

9.6. Deregulation Public Services

9.7. Deregulation Industry Sector

9.8. Innovation in the Science and Technology Sector

9.9. Stabilization of the Environmental Sector / Environmental Infrastructure (Air Monitoring Network)

9.10. Health Sector

9.11 Education and Training Sectors