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Safeguards WorkshopOctober 30, 2008 Moldova, Chusinau Day 2 – Quiz Mitigation Dmytro Glazkov
Case Study Presentation: • Environmental Assessment and Environmental Management Plan were developed for Ukraine Power Transmission Project financed by the Bank. EMP included a range of mitigation issues which are devoted to removing or reducing adverse impacts on environment and natural habitats or their functions, keeping such impacts within socially defined limits of acceptable environmental change. • Based on local environmental legislation and applicable international standards Ukraine Power Transmission Operator hired Local Institute which developed a comprehensive EIA and EMP • You are a representative of local NGO which received an invitation to Public Consultations planned next week and devoted to review of EA/EMP. You should review publicly available EA/EMP, paying attention to proposed mitigation issues and during Consultations ask questions.
MITIGATION QUIZ • What is Environmental Mitigation (choose all that apply): • Avoiding the impact altogether by not taking action. • Minimizing impacts by limiting the degree or magnitude of the action and its implementation. • Neglecting minor impacts and paying attention to major negative ones. • Softening the impact by repairing, rehabilitating, or restoring the affected environment. • Reducing or eliminating the impact over time by preservation and maintenance operations during the life of the action. • Compensating for the impact by replacing or providing substitute resources or environments. • Compensating people who are negatively affected by impacts • Demonstrating that negative impacts are outweighed by positive economic impacts
MITIGATION QUIZ • Which one is a correct statement? • Does The Bank favors preventive measures over mitigatory or compensatory measures? or • The Bank favors mitigatory or compensatory measures over preventive measures?
MITIGATION QUIZ • Project's environmental management plan (EMP) consists of? (choose all that apply): • Financial Indicators • Set of mitigation measures • Monitoring Actions • Project Screening Criteria • Procurement Plan • Institutional Measures • Public Disclosure info
MITIGATION QUIZ Please Match Activity and Impacts to appropriate Mitigation Measure
MITIGATION QUIZ • During Rehabilitation of High Voltage Power Transformer Consulting Company identified and filed that cooling oil containing PCBs spilled into the ground. • What measures should be included in EMP on how to deal with PCBs? (choose all that apply): • Call for Public Consultation Process • Hire qualified company to identify source of contamination and Removing Sources of Contamination • Dispose contaminated land with PCBs at nearby landfill • Set institutional controls which can prevent intrusion into the contaminated zone that could lead to increased movement of those PCBs to surface waters • Do site sampling of soil and groundwater quality to identify further leaching of PCBs • Call to sanitary inspection to clean it up • Call to sanitary inspection to report on PCB contamination
MITIGATION QUIZ • Select activities performed by Contractors during the construction phase of project (construction of transmission line and 550kV substation) to prevent and mitigate possible negative impacts on the environment and people? • Waste management/handling; • Land, soil and water control; • Air emission control; • Control of energy efficiency measures; • Cultural resources/chance find; • Traffic rerouting; • Natural habitats control; • Occupational and health safety of workers; • International water ways control;
MITIGATION QUIZ What are the institutions responsible during reconstruction of Power Transmission Network for Implementation of Proposed Mitigation Measures? • Contractors • Power Transmission Company (PTC) • Pest Management Expert • Laboratory hired for soil sampling • Prime minister • Transport Authority • Environmental Inspection • General Population leaving nearby Power Transmission Line • Chief Engineer • Company hired for removal of PCBs
MITIGATION QUIZ • Planned Transmission line passes through ~ 50 years old Forest (select Mitigation Measures which are applicable): • Cut Forest without any compensation; • Propose an underground cable instead of power line; • Replant Trees into new location as a compensation/mitigation measure; • Sacrifice this site and find new site which is equaly important and create a natural biodiversity area; • Select a New site and plant new trees (of same sort) as a compensation to old forest plantation; • Change pass for Transmission Line;
MITIGATION QUIZ • Power Transmission Line also encountered a pile of obsolete pesticides (select Mitigation Measures which might be used): • Transport this pesticides to a site 200 meters away from the planned pass of Transmission Line and dispose their; • Send to Incineration Facility; • Application of the pesticides to the farms located near the site; • Call to the waste management company and get them remove pesticides to the landfill; • Collect Pesticides and transport them to the proper storage site (i.e. concrete floor, no leaching, guarded for theft, etc.);