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CARPATHIANS ENVIRONMENT OUTLOOK Chapter 3 Sections 3.7 – 3.10 Authors: Mikulas Huba et al.
Contents • Executive summary • Introduction - The environment in the 1975 – 1990 period - Recent development of Carpathians: environment in a wider international and sustainability context since 1990
3.7. Waste and Hazardous Chemicals • Introduction • Municipal waste • Hazardous waste • Waste management • Hazardous waste and toxic chemicals “market” • Conclusions
3.8. Environment and Security • Introduction • Floods in the Carpathian region • Drought, desertification, soil degradation • Seismic activities and risks • Geomorphological hazards in Slovak Carpathians • Technological hazards and risks Conclusions
3.9. Urban development (including cultural heritage) • Introduction • Urban development in Carpathians in the transition period • Urban sprawl and brownfields • City transport as a growing urban environmental and development problem of Carpathians • Urban Environment : Selected problems of the urban environment in Carpathians • 3.10. Cultural heritage • Conclusions
General conclusions Discussion • References • List of case studies, boxes, maps, pictures and tables
List of case studies, boxes, maps, pictures and tables • Case studies • Case study 1. Foreign waste import to Ukraine • Case study 2. Problems with cultural heritage preservation in Slovak Carpathians • Case study 3. Percepcion of the environment by inhabitants of Bratislava
Boxes • Box 1: Floods, accidents and natural disasters in Slovakia • Box 2: Early warning system in Slovakia • Box 3: UNESCO cultural heritage sites in and under Carpatians
Maps • Map 1. Geomorphological hazards in Slovakia (Western Carpathians and western part of Eastern Carpathians) • Map 2. Geomorphological hazards in Romania • Map 3.Industrial units in Romania at technological risk (2003) according to Seveso II Directive • Map 4. Carpathian cities with more than 50 000 inhabitants • Map 5. UNESCO cultural heritage sites in and under Carpathians.
Pictures • Picture 1 - flood in Bratislava • Picture 2 - landslide Bukovec • Picture 3 - erosion • Picture 4 - individual car transport Romania • Picture 5 - public city transport Romania • Picture 6 - World Heritage site – Holloko/Hungary • Picture 7 - small mountain church – Retezat NP • Picture 8 - folk cemetery • Picture 9 - traditional methods of horse pasturing
Tables • Table 1. Waste generation and treatment in Slovakia in 2004 • Table 2. Overview of the biggest flood events in the Carpathian region • Table 3. Changes of the number of motor-vehicles (passanger cars) in selected Carpathian cities/districts after 1989 • Other tables