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The Roaring Twenties

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  1. The Roaring Twenties

  2. Factors Underlying the Prosperity of the 1920’s

  3. Introduction • At the end of the 1918, World War I ended! • America was changing – and people were tired of war!

  4. An Industrial Nation

  5. Henry Ford • An entrepreneur and inventor • Revolutionized the automobile industry and assembly line production • Made cars affordable for most Americans

  6. Accomplishments • Built the Model T on Dec. 1, 1913 • a car that was sturdy and safe that took only 93 minutes to build • Cost under $825.00 the 1st year; then $575.00 4 years later

  7. Assembly Line • Assembly Line: workers stand in one place and put parts together on a moving belt •

  8. Mass Production • the production of large amounts of products on assembly line that are exactly alike • Fluids • Food • Fuel • Chemicals • Minedminerals • Household appliances • Automobiles

  9. The Age of Radio • People could now listen to political speeches, sports programs, comedies, dramas, music, and commercials on the radio! •

  10. Mass Media • Mass media – communication to large audiences became popular in the early 1900’s • Families would gather around the radio together • Songs became popular • People would buy advertised products •

  11. Going to the Movies! • During the 1920’s, people went to see movies in theaters called nickelodeons • Cost: 5 cents

  12. Going to the Movies! • Silent movies: movies without sound • Talkies: movies with sound •

  13. Prohibition • During the 1920’s, people believed that some abused and spent their money on alcohol instead of on their families • They called for Prohibition, a complete ban on the sale of alcohol

  14. Prohibition • In 1919, the 18th Amendment was passed: outlawed the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol in the U.S.

  15. Prohibition Disadvantages • Criminals known as bootleggers brought alcohol from other countries or made their own illegally. • Bootleggers sold alcohol illegally in speakeasies

  16. 3. Gangsters, crime, and violence rose • Al Capone from Chicago made $105 million a year smuggling alcohol.

  17. Prohibition in America

  18. Prohibition Ends • In 1933, the 21st Amendment was passed: an end to Prohibition and the 18th Amendment

  19. K K K • A group of people known as the Ku Klux Klan discriminated against other races and religions. • Although the KKK was founded in 1866, it gained a lot of popularity in the 1920’s. • They discriminated against African Americans, Catholics, Jews, and foreigners = promotes HATE • In the early 1920’s it is estimated that the KKK had about 4 million members • Criminal activities within the clan and opposition from so many outside of the clan eventually dropped membership to about 30,000 by 1930.

  20. Morals • People were more permissive, or laid back. • It was a time where many partied and had all kinds of fun.

  21. Fashion • Flappers were considered reckless rebels. • Short sleek hair. • Wore shorter than average dresses • Wore make-up and put it on in public. • They enjoyed doing the new dances, such as the Charleston, in the jazz clubs.

  22. Women got paid lower wages than men for doing the same amount of work.

  23. Farmers • Farmers were going bankrupt because there was a surplus of crops after the war. There was more supply than demand. • 1915- boll weevil came to Georgia; ate the cotton crops; by 1922 crops reduced by 2/3 • Peaches, pecans, peanuts, and watermelons

  24. Meanwhile, in the city, wages increased by about 20% Factory workers during the 1920’s

  25. Cities • Americans moved closer to the cities. • Houses were being built in the suburbs.

  26. Department Stores • Sears and J.C. Penny began selling more appliances. • Grocery stores such as Piggly Wiggly and Winn Dixie became more common.

  27. Electricity • Became more popular in homes • People began buying more electrical appliances Vacuum and Washing machine

  28. New products

  29. Other Inventions

  30. Fads • Flagpole sitting and Dance Marathons were some of the crazy fads of the Twenties.

  31. Interactive Website

  32. The Jazz Age • Jazz music was first created on slave plantations. After slavery, it lived on in New Orleans • Jazz music improvises: makes up the song on the spot

  33. The Jazz Age Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington Bessie Smith

  34. The Harlem Renaissance • By the 1920’s, African Americans began to prosper in some parts of the U.S. for the first time • Many became educated and had good jobs • In Harlem, New York, African American culture blossomed • Music, dance, politics, literature, art •

  35. Langston HughesFamous poet from the Harlem Renaissance

  36. Famous Athletes and Pilots • Babe Ruth: became the first player to hit 60 homeruns in one season •

  37. Famous Athletes and Pilots • Charles Lindbergh: became the first person to fly across the Atlantic Ocean

  38. Famous Athletes and Pilots • Amelia Earhart: became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean •

  39. Famous Athletes and Pilots • James “Jesse” Owens: Olympic runner who won 4 gold medals in 1936 •

  40. Margaret Mitchell • November 8, 1900 – August 16, 1949 was an American author and journalist from Atlanta, Ga. • Gone with the Wind • won the National Book Award for Most Distinguished Novel of 1936 and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1937.

  41. The Great Depressionoverproductionshaky bankingstock market speculation

  42. Problems in the Economy 1. Farmers had a surplus of land, tools, and food after WWI ended. They were in debt.

  43. Problems in the Economy 2. Factories laid off workers because they were producing more goods than they could sell

  44. Problems in the Economy 3. Coal and lumber industry suffered as people switched to oil and concrete.

  45. Problems in the Economy • Unemployment: the condition of being out of work

  46. Problems in the Economy • People bought many things by promising to pay for them later. This is called credit. • Money that is owed back is called debt.

  47. The Stock Market Crash • Stock market: a place where stocks are bought and sold •

  48. People buy shares of stocks in companies Prices of each share rises More shares sold People get rich People borrow money to buy more shares More shares sold Banks use customers’ money to buy shares Banks are low on money

  49. Prices start to drop People start to sell shares Panic strikes – everybody wants to sell More people start to sell Stock Market crashes Banks close, people lose their money

  50. Businesses lose buyers Workers lose jobs Unemployment Businesses close More people without work Americans become poor