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Comparing UK & US models of police (pre-join) education Richard Heslop, Sergeant, West Yorkshire Police, UK Pro-PEL Pre-Conference 24 June 2014 Police Professionalism, Education & Learning. Themes for comparison: U.K-U.S.A Structure of policing system

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slide1

Comparing UK & US models of police (pre-join) education

Richard Heslop, Sergeant, West Yorkshire Police, UK

Pro-PEL Pre-Conference 24 June 2014

Police Professionalism, Education & Learning

slide2

Themes for comparison: U.K-U.S.A

  • Structure of policing system
  • Evolution of entry-level (pre-join) training and drivers
  • Market for police entry-level training/education
  • Model(s) for pre-join training ( balance between in-house v academic involvement)
  • Governance/regulation of pre-join training
  • Future of pre-join training/education
slide3

Structure of policing systems

  • 43 forces versus 18,000 law enforcement agencies
  • Diverse and radically decentralised in U.S.A, reflects federated system of governance
  • 50% of agencies less than 10 officers
  • 75% of agencies less than 25 sworn police
slide4

Evolution of entry-level training and drivers

  • Mixed market model has evolved in U.S.A to reflect diverse and decentralised police system
  • In U.K police training traditionally ‘in-house’ :police desire to retain control
  • Drivers for change in U.K relate to economics and police professionalisation agenda
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Market for police training/education

  • Well established mixed-market approach in U.S.A
  • Emerging mixed-market in England & Wales
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Models for pre-join training

  • Emerging various approaches in U.K i.e: CKP, pre-join degree level programmes, but majority of police training still takes place in-house. Majority of programme based on post-employment model
  • In U.S.A nearly half of all training takes place in an academic institution such as college, university of technical school
  • In U.S.A training based around Police Academy model
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Governance/regulation of pre-join training

  • In U.S.A all aspects of training are closely regulated by state level agencies.
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Future of pre-join training/education

  • Established approach likely to continue in U.S.A
  • Some uncertainties in England and Wales such as:
  • Academic level of pre-join qualification
  • CKP: as yet untested
  • Impact of Police and Crime Commissioners
  • Power of College of Policing to mandate and enforce
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Questions/discussion ?

Richard Heslop email r.heslop@fulbrightmail.org