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Overview of Romans. I. Intro. + Theme 1:1-17 II. Condemnation 1:18-3:20 III. Justification 3:21-5:11 IV. Sanctification 5:12-8:39 V. Illustration 9:1-11:36 VI. Application 12:1-15:13 VII. Epilogue 15:14-16:27. Romans 5:12-21 – Overwhelming Grace.

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overview of romans

Overview of Romans

I. Intro. + Theme 1:1-17

II. Condemnation 1:18-3:20

III. Justification 3:21-5:11

IV. Sanctification 5:12-8:39

V. Illustration 9:1-11:36

VI. Application 12:1-15:13

VII. Epilogue 15:14-16:27

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Romans 5:12-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Adam brought death and enslavement.

Christ brings life and freedom.

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Romans 5:12-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Two men have impacted the lives of everyone on earth: Adam and Jesus.

No last names needed

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Romans 5:12-21 – Overwhelming Grace

One brought death to us.

One brought grace and the possibility of life.

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Romans 5:12 – Overwhelming Grace

Connects back to verses 9 and 10.

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Romans 5:12 – Overwhelming Grace

Sin brings death and enslavement.

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Romans 5:12 – Overwhelming Grace

Christ brings life and deliverance.

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Romans 5:12 – Overwhelming Grace

Paul begins a sentence he doesn’t finish until later.

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Romans 5:12 – Overwhelming Grace

This statement is not about all men being condemned because of Adam’s sin.

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Romans 5:12 – Overwhelming Grace

This statement is simple: because all sinned, all died.

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Romans 5:13 – Overwhelming Grace

When there is no law, sin is present, but sin is not itemized.

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Romans 5:14 – Overwhelming Grace

Even without Law, sin reigned and terrorized humanity, bringing death.

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Romans 5:14 – Overwhelming Grace

People didn’t have to sin like Adam, all they had to do was sin.

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Romans 5:14 – Overwhelming Grace

Adam is a “type” or model of Christ in that what he did affected all of humanity.

The comparison ends there…but the contrast does not.

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Romans 5:14 – Overwhelming Grace

Adam = head of fallen humanity.

Christ = head of those redeemed as redemption comes from His act.

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Romans 5:15 – Overwhelming Grace

From Christ, many will receive grace and the gift that comes from it.

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Romans 5:15 – Overwhelming Grace

God is the Source of the gift, not the offense.

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Romans 5:15 – Overwhelming Grace

Grace ABOUNDS, it didn’t just enter the world. There is within grace, more than enough than is needed, that is inherent in the gift of grace1

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Romans 5:15 – Overwhelming Grace

Within the gift is abundance to exult in God and live triumphantly in spite of tribulations

(5:3-4; 9-13)!

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Romans 5:16 – Overwhelming Grace

The effect of the two are different: one resulted in servitude to sin, the other resulted in righteous actions.

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Romans 5:16 – Overwhelming Grace

“Judgment” = God’s judgment that brought Adam death and to those who followed.

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Romans 5:16 – Overwhelming Grace

On the other hand, the free gift brings release! (Justification by faith)

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Romans 5:16 – Overwhelming Grace

The “judgment” also produced servitude to sin.

“A burden ensuing from a judicial pronouncement—a servitude”.

Enslavement!

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Romans 5:16 – Overwhelming Grace

A person who has received the free gift (righteousness) can be “restored” to a life consistent with his new righteousness,

he can do righteous things!

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Romans 5:17 – Overwhelming Grace

One man, Adam, created this experience, this mess.

Another man, Jesus, created another possible experience… freedom!

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Romans 5:17 – Overwhelming Grace

Death reigns on the one hand, on the other people can reign in life…justified people!

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Romans 5:17 – Overwhelming Grace

Grace has great potential to change people.

That’s why Paul is so proud of the Gospel!

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Romans 5:18 – Overwhelming Grace

Picks up what he started in v. 12.

Judgment produced enslavement, servitude to sin.

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Romans 5:18 – Overwhelming Grace

Justification is sourced in life and allows for a new lifestyle.

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Romans 5:19 – Overwhelming Grace

The disobedience of Adam brings life.

The obedience of Christ brings life.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Once men knew God’s will, it made violating it greater.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

The Law exposed sin for what it was.

Rom. 7:6

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Sin flies in the face of God’s will and it is offensive to Him.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

The Law makes sin greater by exposing it and, in a sense, enlarging it.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Then, grace then became “super-great”, “extraordinarily abundant” and overflowed sin.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

The result was a reversal of this magnified sin and it’s rule.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Death had spread to everyone and ruled our lives.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

When the believer has victory over sin,

he reigns in life and grace is reigning.

Grace overwhelms sin.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Grace can reign because it is sourced in the gift of righteousness and eternal life.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

While righteousness is necessary, it doesn’t bring deliverance by itself.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

That comes from the life of Christ (5:9-10)!

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

We have a union with His life (eternal life); we enter into it.

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

That makes everything new; that makes many new life possible!

That comes next week!

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Romans 5:20-21 – Overwhelming Grace

Adam brought death and enslavement.

Christ brings life and freedom.