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PHY 3903 version 2003. Gary W. Slater 3.oct.2003 gslater@science.uottawa.ca 613-562-5800 x6775 MCD 222 week #5. Writing = 40% your topic = 5%***** PRL format = 20% seminar = 15% Physique = 10% www Abstract=3%***** scholarship$ qq petits devoirs. Maple = 50%

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phy 3903 version 2003

PHY 3903version 2003

Gary W. Slater 3.oct.2003

gslater@science.uottawa.ca

613-562-5800 x6775

MCD 222 week #5

approx
Writing =40%

your topic = 5%*****

PRL format = 20%

seminar = 15%

Physique =10%

www

Abstract=3%*****

scholarship$

qq petits devoirs

Maple = 50%

6 weeks

5 assignments

1 longer problem/project

Assigments minus worst one above 50% = 40%

projet = 10%

%%%%%%Approx.%%%%%%
schedule
Schedule
  • Vendredi/Friday 14:30-16:30/16:45
  • CUBE 202 + Vanier 061
  • ~ alternating: Maple/other
  • marker: Brent Doironbdoiron@science.uottawa.ca
  • 2003: List=21!
schedule1
Schedule
  • Vendredi/Friday 24 octobre = ABSENT
  • Project week!
    • I will give you the “project” on October 17
    • You will have 2 weeks
    • Due Oct 31
  • Nov 7 is the last non-seminar class
    • i.e., 4 classes to go after this one!
schedule2
October 3

Non-Maple 3

Maple 3

October 10

Maple 4

October 17

Non-Maple4

Maple 5

Schedule
  • October 24
    • Absent
  • October 31
    • Non-Maple=fin
    • Maple 6 + Project
  • November 7
    • Maple7=fin
  • November 14, 21, 28
    • Séminaires!!!!!
s minaires
Seminar: 8+2 min + 3 min Qtransparencies -or-PowerPoint

Will take place in the last 3 weeks of the semester

14, 21, 28 novembre

Le département sera invité

Vous devez préparer le texte de 4 pages format PRL pour le séminaire, et je les metterai sur le site W3

Séminaires
les s minaires 8 2 3 minutes
14 novembre

Cienak : Strong nuclearforce

O’Byrne : Superfluidity

M Lalonde : Sonoluminescence

Miranda : Quantum Cryptography

D’Eca : String Theory

Corrigan : The anthropic principle

Les séminaires8+2+3 minutes
les s minaires 8 2 3 minutes1
21 novembre

Kelly : Space travel

Wong : Quantum dots

Parent : Dark matter

Gascon : Video speed electronic paper

Dumouchel : Thermonuclear synthesis

Pinet : Parallel computing & HPC

Lefebvre : L’effet Casimir

Les séminaires8+2+3 minutes
les s minaires 8 2 3 minutes2
Les séminaires8+2+3 minutes
  • 28 novembre
    • Vachon : Astronomie expérimentale
    • Stone : Fractals
    • J Lalonde : SNO
    • Bertrand : C60
    • Meunier : Matérialisme scientifique
    • Zhang : Wolfram’s Computational Equivalence
    • Kamran : GUTs
plan maple 9
Getting started (Chapters 1-4)

Polynomials (Chapters 5-7, 13, 14)

Functions (Chapter 8)

Calculus (Chapters 9-11, 17)

List, set, array (Chapter 12)

Linear Algebra (Chapters 18, 19)

Solving equations (Chapter 16)

Graphics (Chapter 15)

PLAN: Maple 9
slide13

Assignment/Devoir Non-Maple #3( 17 oct, on paper)

  • Write a NSERC scholarship application
  • You either register with them and do this on-line, or you print the pdf form 200 and fill it (it must be readable).
  • Must be completed (all sections), even if you write little
  • Do not forget the free pages
  • Must be somewhat convincing
  • http://www.nserc.ca/forms/formtable_e.htmhttp://www.nserc.ca/forms/instructions/200/e.asp
slide14

PGS Master’s and Doctoral Check List:

Form 200

Outline of proposed research (1 page)

Awards, Contributions andStatement (2 pages)

Support letters for location oftenure (if applicable)

All official academictranscripts (undergraduateand graduate)

Appendix 1, Report on theApplicant, in a sealedenvelope (two required)

Appendix 2,Departmental/UniversityEvaluation

Signed cover page

slide15

Physics as a profession

  • 1. Science et vérité
  • 2. La recherche et sa société
  • 3. M. Sc. & Ph. D.
  • 4. Information
  • 5. Publishing
  • 6. Éthique
  • 7. Journalism, etc.
  • 8. Presentation
      • Figs, tables, fits…
  • 9. Séminaires
      • Slides, plan, …
  • 10. $
      • Grants, costs…
  • 11. Canada
      • Overview of the granting agencies…
5 publishing
5. Publishing
  • Current contents
      • Tables of matter
  • Science Citation Index
      • Who cites who
  • Main physics review journals
      • RMP, Physics Reports, RepProgPhy, AnnRev, AmJPhys
  • Main physics letter journals
      • PRL, Europhysics, Nature, Science
  • Main physics research journals
      • PhysRev, Eur.J.Phys., Physica, JChemPhys
choosing a journal
Choosing a journal
  • Readership: who should read your stuff?
  • Reputation: PhysRevLett vs AfghanJP
  • Availability: is it in most (e-)librairies?
  • Impact: journals are ranked by impact parameters based on citations
  • New vs old journals
  • Cost (should not be a factor, but…)
  • Electronic search engines
typical steps
Typical steps
  • 1. Article is submitted to ONE journal
  • 2. Sent to 1-3 anonymous referees
      • …who are given about 2-4 weeks to review it
  • 3. Comments are sent to the authors
      • Accept as is
      • Accept with minor changes
      • Major changes: must be returned to referees
      • Reject/wrong journal
  • 4. Authors comply or appeal
scientific articles
Scientific articles

0. Abstract, etc.

  • Typically, <10 line abstract.
  • Abstracts are important for computerized litterature searches.
  • Often requires special codes that specify the subfield and allows for better classification in database (e.g., PACS)
  • Date received and date accepted for priority and patent issues.
  • Addresses (during the work and current) and names of all authors, plus the coordinates of the corresponding author.
slide20
1. Introduction
  • History of the problem
  • Cites other people’s work
  • Describes the main issues to be investigated
  • Often cites 20+ references!
  • Presents the plan of the article
  • Does NOT claim:
    • « first » or « new paradigm » or « revolution »
    • Previous work is only from the author
  • May be 1-3 page long
  • ~0 eqs
  • Important to attract the attention
  • Hardest part to write for new researchers because you need to see the “big picture”
slide21
2. Methods
      • Chemicals, samples, etc.
      • Instruments
      • Data analysis
      • Note: information includes name of Cies
      • Software
      • Algorithm
      • Computers used (e.g., for simulations)
      • Warnings
      • Source of original data (e.g., databases)
      • May offer help to other researchers in the field
      • Can refer to previous articles iff widely available
      • THE READER SHOULD BE ABLE TO REPRODUCE EVERYTHING YOU DID
slide22
3. Results
      • Subsections; systematic
      • Error bars, units
      • Clear informations about each data set
      • Fits: indicate software and/or methodology
      • Axes must be scaled and labeled properly
      • Colour is ~not yet widely used/available
      • Refer to other authors/previous results whenever possible
      • Avoid things like:
        • “obviously”, “it is well-known that”, etc.
        • “it is easily shown that”, etc.
      • The reader should not have to read the whole text to understand what a plot is about. The info in the figure and its legend should be enough.
slide23
4. Discussion & Conclusion
      • Often together
      • Summarizes the results
      • Interprets the results
      • Explains discrepancies
        • With previous results (especially from other groups)
        • With theoretical (experimental) predictions (results)
      • Mentions approximations and limitations
      • Mentions possible sources of error
      • Draws the main conclusions and highlights the findings that should impact the field
      • Suggests possible ways to test the results
      • Suggests possible (logical) next steps
      • Suggests applications of results
slide24
5. Acknowledgements
      • Funding agencies
        • or companies: this may raise ethical questions
        • Including scholarships
      • Technical people who are not co-authors
      • Colleagues who reviewed the manuscript prior to submission
      • People who made important scientific suggestions
      • People who helped you through discussions
      • Help with specific techniques
      • Cpu time, instrument time
      • Host institution (if not employer)
      • Etc.
slide25
6. References
      • In physics, does not normally include the title
      • Usually includes first and last page
      • List all authors, unless there is >6-10 or so
        • Common in particle physics, genetics, etc
      • Some journals allow notes, remarks
      • May include web sites
      • May include reference to preprints, personnal communications, in press, etc.
      • Must cite all relevant articles, even if published by your main competitor
      • Must not cite only your own work
      • Rarely cites non-scientific literature
      • May refer to author’s web site for further info
slide26
7. Figure captions
      • Normally, should be rather short
        • In some journals, the method section is in the captions!
      • Contain all the pertinent information (self-contained)
      • Can refer to eq numbers and other figures
      • Make sure that the axes are properly labeled and that the caption explains the labeling if it is not trivial
      • Inset figures are acceptable and should be described as well
      • Definition of the symbols should be in the figure not described in words in the caption
slide27
8. Figures and Tables
      • These vary widely, many journals having their own constraints/instructions
      • Main problems are:
        • Labels/letters/numbers are too small
        • Gray shades are badly reproduced
        • Symbols/lines are badly identified
      • A full box around the graph is usually better
      • Colour is not used very frequently becau$e…
      • Make sure that the log axes are well-identified
      • Fits should be described carefully
      • High quality printers must be used
slide28

Notes: a) the axes labels and units; b) the fit eq; c) the curves

are labeled in the plot; d) even T is given; e) loglog plot

7 journalism etc
7. Journalism, etc.
  • Non-traditional jobs for physicists:
    • Journalism
    • Museum
    • Finance
    • Bioinformatics
    • IT
    • Law & patents
    • Consulting
  • Medical physicist
  • Scientific writer or translator
  • R&D management
  • Show business
  • Education software
  • Traffic studies
  • ETC…………
slide36

Physics as a profession

  • 1. Science et vérité
  • 2. La recherche et sa société
  • 3. M. Sc. & Ph. D.
  • 4. Information
  • 5. Publishing
  • 6. Éthique
  • 7. Journalism, etc.
  • 8. Presentation
      • Figs, tables, fits…
  • 9. Séminaires
      • Slides, plan, …
  • 10. $
      • Grants, costs…
  • 11. Canada
      • granting agencies…
  • 12. Physicist ?
10 11 r d canada
NSERC

Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada - CRSNG

~$700M+/yr

grants

scholarships

“small eqp” for now

~20 disciplines

Peer reviewed

committee members are not paid

average research grant ~$35K

some project grants are targeted with industry

10-11. R&D$Canada
slide38
CIHR

Canadian Institutefor Health Research

replaced MRC

for medical researchers

grants are larger

SSHRC

for humanities and social sciences

grants are smaller

Has a problem

slide39
OIT

Ontario Innovation Trust

matches CFI money for Ontario applications

~$250M

CFI

Canadian Foundation for Innovation

only eqp, 40% funding

>$2B

E.g., up to $0.5M for new profs!!!!!!

slide40
ORDCF

Ontario Research and Development Fund

covers ~1/3 of operating budgets

often linked to CFI

Canada Research Chairs

E.g., Brabec and Bao in physics

2000 chairs over 5 yrs = prestigious

Note: NSERC also has chairs, UofO too

slide41
NaTech

Quebec

grants, scholarships

scholarships can be used at the UofO

includes group grants

VRQ

Quebec

a bit like ORDCF

slide42
NCE

Networks of Centres of Excellence

federal

covers several topics

long term funding

E.g., @UofO

Stroke

Stem cells

OCE

Ontario Centres of Excellence

a bit like NCEs

there are 4

.e.g, MMO

slide43
Steacie & Killam

“bourses” pour les meilleurs chercheurs universitaires canadiens

Libèrent les chercheurs de leurs responsabilités académiques (administration wet enseignement) pour jusqu’à 2 ans = recherche seulement!

CIAR (Canadian Inst. for Advanced Res)

Selected topics

The best

Sabbatical leaves

UofO: 12.5%/year

For research

PREA

Ontario. $150,000 to the best new profs

typical expenses
Grad student:

~$10-22K/yr

PDF

~$30-40K/yr

Technicians

Eqp

$1K-$150K

larger through groups, CFI, etc

Conferences

~$2K/person

Other expenses

books @ $100/each

photocopies

fax, etc

tapes, computers…

Office consumables

chemicals

repairs

etc.

Typical expenses