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An i-Tree Benefit Analysis for the Cities of Bellevue, Covington, Florence, Fort Thomas, and Newport Kentucky Presented by: The Northern Kentucky Urban and Community Forestry Council
Urban Forest Effects and Values Urban forests provide numerous benefits to society, and now these important benefits can be accurately quantified. U.S. Forest Service’s Urban Forests Effects Model (UFORE)
Designed to provide information to aid cities, counties, and urban forest managers with: Management Planning Design Budget Decisions
What Does UFORE Assess? • Forest structure and health • - aid in urban forest management • Carbon storage and sequestration • - aid in carbon accounting & potential carbon credits • Building energy use effects • - accounting for direct savings to property owners • Air pollution removal • - aid in developing plans to improve air quality • Potential pest impacts • - understand the risk of invasive pests
Northern Kentucky Urban Forest UFORE Analysis Summary
Species Distribution (top 3 species)
Tree Size Distribution Bellevue
Tree Size Distribution Covington
Tree Size Distribution Florence
Tree Size Distribution Fort Thomas
Tree Size Distribution Newport
Trees perform the following beneficial functions that can be translated into economic values • Removal of air pollutants • ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide(SO2), • nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulate matter less than 10 • microns (PM10) • Decrease energy costs • shading and cooling effects of trees • Carbon storage and sequestration • Stormwater mitigation • Increase property value Urban Forest Benefits
Value of Air Pollution Removal • ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide(SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulate matter less than 10 microns (PM10)
Carbon Storage & Sequestration Carbon Storage – Carbon currently held within tree tissues (roots, stems, and branches) from year to year Carbon Sequestration – Estimate of carbon that is removed annually from the atmosphere by trees and soil to be later stored in tissue.
Value of Carbon Storage and Sequestration
Insect Threats Asian Longhorned Beetle • Current infestations confined to New York and Chicago • Hardwood trees are susceptible Emerald Ash Borer • Current infestations include, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and West Virginia • Ash trees are susceptible European Gypsy Moth • Current infestations include parts of West Virginia, Ohio and other eastern states • Feed on 500 different plant species
UFORE Growth Projections and Benefits What would the benefits be if the Northern Kentucky tree canopy cover was increased? 5% 10% 15%
UFORE Population Projector • Predicts benefits for: • Carbon Storage • Avoided Carbon Emissions • Air Pollution Removal
Trees Are Great! • Environmental & Economic Benefits • Quality of Life • Recreation • Wildlife Habitat • Renewable Resource
For More Information… • USFS i-Tree www.itreetools.org • Kentucky Division of Forestry www.forestry.ky.gov • Northern Kentucky Urban & Community Forestry Council www. nkyurbanforestry.org