Fascism in Germany By: Katie Nolan, Felicia Damron, Abby Faulkenberry, Cass Resnik, and Cole Guertin
AdolfHitler • Early-life marked by disappointment • Fought in World War I • Awarded the Iron Cross 2 times • Created the Nazi Party • Wrote Mein Kampf, a book about his beliefs and goals for Germany
Adolf Hitler Continued • Believed that “Aryans” were a master race • Aryans had blonde hair and blue eyes • Jews, Slavs, and Gypsies were inferior • Germany was “over-crowded”, needed lebensraum (living space) • Became Chancellor in 1933 • Became Fuhrer in 1934
Nazism • Nazi party became the largest political party in 1932 • The Nazi’s were officers who served under the dictatorship of Hitler. • Hatred of Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, and disabled people • Declared war on the Jews, and blamed them for the economic depression. • Deprived Jews of most of their rights
German Aggression leading to WWII • Economy was destroyed from all of the war debt after WW1, because of the Treaty of Versailles • People were all seen as lower than others after other countries made them take the guilt of the war • They were not allowed to have an army and it made them feel less powerful than other countries
Role in WW2 • After signing the nonaggression pact with Hitler • Germany launched surprise attack against Poland on Sept. 1st, 1939 • France and Great Britain declared war on Germany on Sept.3rd, 1939 • Poster means Winning, or losing
“Blitzkrieg” • Germany used a new military strategy, The Blitzkrieg or “Lightning War” • Used fast airplanes, tanks, and giant destructive infantry forces • Took soldiers by surprise and quickly overwhelmed them • Plan used to take Poland
Taking of France • In his plan to take France, Hitler kept the Allies attention on The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg • While the allies attention was there, he sent large groups of tanks and troops to go through the woodland of Northern France
The Holocaust • The Holocaust was a mass murder of Jewish people. • It was lead by Adolf Hitler. • Started in 1933 and ended in 1945. • Nazi’s were commanded by Hitler to remove Jews from their homes, and to destroy any Jewish schools and buildings owned by Jews. • Approximately 6 million Jews were killed, either in their homes, on the streets, or in Concentration Camps
Other Facts About the Holocaust • The word holocaust comes from the Greek word “holokauston”, which means a completely burnt sacrifice to God. • Anyone with at least 3 Jewish grandparents was to be killed with no exceptions. • Holocaust denial is now a crime in Germany
Impact of World War 2 on Germany • Millions of Germans killed • Cities destroyed • Expulsion of 11.7 million ethnic Germans • Destroyed Germany’s reputation • Made the German economy go back down • Divided into 4 zones (American, British, French and Soviet)
Quiz Question #1 What award was Adolf Hitler awarded with? • The Medal of Honor • The Iron Cross • The Nobel Peace Prize • Best Singer in the Military
Quiz Question #2 What race did Hitler believe to be the master race? • Jewish • Blacks • Aryans • Chinese
Quiz Question #3 Who did the Nazi officers serve under? • Britney Spears • Albert Einstein • Kaiser Wilhelm • Adolf Hitler
Quiz Question #4 What treaty gave Germany the war debt? • Treaty of Versailles • Treaty of KatzchensindNiedlich • Treaty of Tortisailles • Treaty of Petit-Dejeuner
Quiz Question #5 About how many Jews were killed in the Holocaust? a) 5 Million b) 4 c) 100 Thousand d) 6 Million
Quiz Question #6 Name three things that led to WWII in Germany.
Quiz Question #7 Name three effects that WWII had on Germany.
Quiz Question #8 What does the Greek word holokausten mean?
Answers to Quiz • B • C • D • A • D
Answers to Quiz continued 6) Economy was destroyed from all of the war debt after WW1, because of the Treaty of Versailles People were all seen as lower than others after other countries made them take the guilt of the war They were not allowed to have an army and it made them feel less powerful than other countries
Answers to Quiz continued 7) Millions of Germans killed Cities destroyed Expulsion of 11.7 million ethnic Germans Destroyed Germany’s reputation Made the German economy go back down Divided into 4 zones (American, British, French and Soviet)
Answers to Quiz continued 8) It means a complete burnt sacrifice to God.