learning s of jeev i ka bihar rural livelihoods project n.
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Learning's of JEEV i KA (Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project). Kamlesh Prasad Expert – Institution Building and Social Development National Mission Management Unit National Rural Livelihoods Mission New Delhi. Socio Economic Profile A comparison with national status. Poorest > 60%.

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learning s of jeev i ka bihar rural livelihoods project

Learning's of JEEViKA(Bihar Rural Livelihoods Project)

Kamlesh Prasad

Expert – Institution Building and Social Development

National Mission Management Unit

National Rural Livelihoods Mission

New Delhi

poverty profile

Poorest > 60%

Poorer 50 to 59 %

Poor 40 to 49%

Poverty Profile

Source: BPL Survey : Department of Rural Development, GOB

vulnerability mapping flood drought

Flood Prone

Flood & Drought Prone

Drought Prone

Vulnerability MappingFlood & Drought

Source: Disaster Management Department, GOB

implementing agency

Decision of “Self Implementation or Partnership Implementation Model” (we opted for the first one followed by strategic partnership with NGOs in the later phase)

  • Getting approval from the Government and setting up of “ Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society”
  • Opting for Society structure for autonomy and flexibility
  • Representation in governance by those who would be major stakeholders for project implementation
  • Mandate of Society is kept exclusive for focused implementation of the project.
Implementing Agency
preparatory phase

Society registered as “Bihar Rural Livelihoods Promotion Society”.

  • Initially, only two person were the part of Society.
  • Nodal department for implementing the Project is the Finance Department, Govt. of Bihar
  • Setting up of Project Preparation Facility for pilots.
Preparatory phase

HR agency have been contacted for conducting recruitment process – both for state and Blocks

    • State level position – Head hunting, advertisement, shortlisting and followed by GD and interview.
    • “Core Team” selected purposefully (invited experienced professionals willing to contribute for the state)
    • Interim HR at place

For Block level

  • Selection process explores
    • Knowledge,
    • Skill,
    • Attitude and
    • Values
  • Selection process involves
    • Subject test (written or visual test) for knowledge and skill assessment
    • Using psychometric test for assessing comfort level of candidates with BRLPS work
    • Group discussion to assess the behavior in group and ability to work in group
    • Field immersion to assess compatibility with project environment
capacity building

Developed training modules and material based on existing module available with various agencies

  • Structured and intensive Induction and Training Programme
    • 3 to 6 months probation policy
    • 2 + 15 + 9 + 30 to 60 days model
  • Experiencing functioning at all level
  • Combination of training and exposure
  • Performance Appraisal linked with Annual Performance Pay



Res. Tng

Hands-on Practice

Capacity Building
capacity building1

Identification of “Resource Agency” and regular consultation with them (for us SERP)

  • Stakeholders “immersion”
    • Exposure of Senior GoB officials to similar project
    • Exposure of DMs to similar project
    • Exposure of bankers to similar project
  • Substantial Capacity Building Investment for Core Team(exposure to various project models, training programme, workshops etc.)
  • Community to Community Learning Process
Capacity Building
one block

Block Headed by BPM

1 Block = 105 Villages

One cluster = 35 villages

1 Village = 320 HH

Average Potential of atleast 10 - 15 SHGs per village

Potential of having one primary federation in each village

One Block
commissioning of studies

Social and Poverty Assessment

  • Livelihood, and Value Chain Analysis
  • Institutional Assessment,  mapping of service providers
  • Status of Micro finance in state - SHG- Bank Linkage
  • Environmental Assessment
  • Social Inclusion
  • Organizational Development and HR planning
  • Baseline
  • MIS Development
Commissioning of studies
structure at bpiu

Lets start from POP community

  • What ever we do we will do the best
  • Objective was to create the model resource Village
  • Each SPMs took one block as a mentor
Structure at BPIU
  • All AC’s and CC’s are stationed within the cluster/ village and operated from there
community to community learning

CRP Model

  • Each cluster one team of External CRP 30 days.
  • Tagged 2 internal CRPs and one project staff (CC) with each team.
  • Strategy adopted to develop community based resource
  • Helped to promote community ownership over the project
  • Created strong base for “Self Managed Institutions”
  • Now, more than 2500 “Community Resource Persons” are extending services.
  • Guided by CRP policy.
  • CRPs are providing their services to other states as well.
Community to Community Learning
development of project document

Based on the Pilot learning, studies and consultation:

  • State team with consultation with all stake holders developed PIP.
  • Development of COM
  • Development of Annual Action Plan
  • Web enabled MIS.
  • Designed Books of Records for SHGs and Primary Federation.
  • Development of Training Modules and Materials.
  • Financial and Administrative Manual
  • Procurement Manual
  • Manuals related to safeguards
  • Branding - Name of project and logo finalisation.
Development of Project Document

Rolling out of HRD manual (right from beginning systematic approach to foster interrelationship among project team and gain their confidence)

  • An exclusive HR manual in place which keeps evolving as per requirement
  • Authority devolution for programme implementation and keeps the same updating as required
  • Remuneration structure stands best/competitive among similar projects in India.
  • Provision of good range of facilities related to insurance, mobility support, self learning facilities, motorbike loan, laptop purchase support etc.
rollout of main project

After one year of pilot we launched main Project in 2nd Oct 2007 with Bihar Innovation Forum.

  • 5 district 5 blocks in pilot (2006) to 6 district 18 blocks in 2007 and in 2009, 8 district 44 blocks.
  • Slowly we introduced District Unit (DPCU) in 2008, till then BPIUs were handhold and mentored by State Teams.
Rollout of main project


  • EC- 2 from each VO, 5 OB
  • Support VO
  • Secure linkages with Govt line dept, Fin Inst, markets etc
  • Audit of groups
  • Micro Finance Functions


  • EC- 2 from each SHG, 5 OB
  • Strengthening of SHGs
  • Appraisal and disbursement of CIF
  • Social Action
  • Inclusion of POP
  • Appraisal and management of CM and CRPs





  • Weekly Thrift and Credit activity
  • Monitoring group activity
  • Group level poverty reduction plan
  • Development of family investment plan (Micro Plan)



project spread


  • 500000 Families.
  • 4000 villages in 44 Blocks of 8 districts, namely Gaya, Nalanda, Muzaffarpur, Madhubani, Purnia, Khagaria, Supaul and Madhepura
  • Will give priority to Poor and Women
Project Spread
project implementation structure

Dedicated Society

General Body and Executive Committee

State Project Management Unit

PD cum CEO supported by thematic experts support staffs

District Project Coordination Unit

District Project Manager supported with specialist

Block Project Implementation Units

a Team consisting of Block Project Manager, Area Coordinators, and Community Coordinators

Project Implementation Structure

Cadre of Community Resource Persons,

Book Keepers and Community Mobilisers

features of the project

Following are some major features contributed in project success

  • “Saturation” approach
  • Targeting under “Self Inclusion Model”
  • Focus 1st on POP in a village
  • Initially every one in project focus to have a model strong Resource Community Institutions.
  • Development and strengthening of “Community Cadre”
  • Maintaining equilibrium of “Community Demand” and “Project Supply”. (FS, HRF, Insurance)
  • Continuous guidance and support from the Executive Committee (SPMs participation) and no political interference.
  • Committed full time CEO continuous working with project since beginning.
Features of the Project
features of the project1

Following are some major features contributed in project success

  • Dedicated full time core team at SPMU, DPCU and BPIU and its continuity
  • Substantial investment in staff capacity building and performance monitoring
  • Convergence with Government, business relationship with bankers and partnership with reputed service provider agencies.
  • MOU with Banks
  • Exclusive System Development (Programme operation, HR, Admin Finance and Procurement) and its continuous need based updation
  • Strong MIS in function.
  • Flow of CIF to SHGs/Federation based on graduation indicators and Micro plan.
Features of the Project
manpower status
Manpower status

Kosi Project Manpower is included

project achievement till oct 2010

Sustainable Community Institutions

  • No of village entered – 1974
  • No of village saturated – 1042
  • No of HH part of SHGs - 3.17 lakhs
  • No of SHGs formation – 27205
  • No of VO formation – 1277
  • No of BLF – 5
  • No of WFPC - 5
  • No of Community Professional – 4679

(CM, BK, Bank Mitra, VRP, WOWs etc.)

Project Achievement (Till Oct 2010)
project achievement till oct 20101

Financial Inclusion

  • No of SHGs with Bank A/C – 20669
  • No of VO with Bank A/C - 870
  • Amount of saving – Rs. 19.87cr.
  • Amount of Interloaning – Rs. 64.23 cr.
  • No of SHGs received CIF – 16070
  • Amount of CIF to SHGs – Rs. 69.04 cr.
  • No of SHGs linked with bank – 9252
  • Amount loaned by bank – Rs. 27.86 cr.
Project Achievement (Till Oct 2010)
project achievement till oct 20102

Livelihoods – PPPP model

  • SRI with 26000 farmers in 3560 ha with average productivity of 7 t/ha
  • SWI with 100650 farmers in 6894 ha with average productivity of 4.5 t/ha
  • PVSP (paddy, wheat and moong) with 5200 farmers in 330 ha
  • 6864 SHG members linked with DCS with average per day milk procurement of 22596 litre
  • Training and placement to 714 youths in service sector, textile and security agencies.
  • Honey sector
  • Fishery
  • Makhana
  • Non farm Sector – Mithila Arts, Sujani, sikki, weaving, incense sticks, Seed producers company
Project Achievement (Till Oct 2010)
project achievement till oct 20103

Social Development

  • No of SHG members made Signature literate – 1.66 lakhs
  • No of SHG members benefitted by HRF – 5014
  • No of SHG members benefitted from FSF –40035
  • No of SHG members covered with insurance (ABY)– 1500
  • No of PDS run by SHG members - 3
  • No of SHG HH benefitted through government convergence – 10513

(NREGA, IAY, KanyaVivah etc.)

Project Achievement (Till Oct 2010)
project components
Community Institution Development

Community Investment Fund

Estimated Budget : US $ 18.01 million or Rs. 75.63 Crore (25%)

Formation & Strengthening of

  • SHG’s,
  • Producers Groups,
  • Federations.

Estimated Budget : US $ 41.74 million or Rs. 175.30 Crore (57%)

  • Initial Capitalization fund
  • Livelihood Fund
  • Social Development Fund
  • Service Sector Fund
Project Components
project components1
Technical Assistance

Project Management

Estimated Budget : US $ 5.75 million or Rs. 24.15 Crore (8%)

  • Micro Finance Investment and Technical Assistance (MITA)
  • Rural Business Development Facility
  • NGO Capacity Building Fund
  • Bihar Innovation Forum.

Estimated Budget : US $ 7.50 million or Rs. 31.50 Crore (10%)

  • HR Management
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Communication
Project Components