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History 107

History 107

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History 107

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  1. History 107 Conquest and expansion - the early period

  2. Rome’s conquest of Italy • Early rivals: • Early goals - conquest or survival? • Principles:

  3. Rome’s Conquest of Italy • First attacks on Rome after Republic was founded • 496: Battle of Lake Regillus

  4. Early struggles • 493 – foedus Cassianum: Rome’s power recognized as equal to rest of Latin league • 485 - defensive alliance with Hernici • 458 - victory over the Volsci • 431 – Rome defeats Aequi • 396 – Rome defeats Veii

  5. Rome and the Gauls • 390 - the Allia • 390 – Gallic sack of Rome, after Roman defeat at Allia • A rallying cry afterwards

  6. Response to the Gallic invasion • 389 – 377

  7. On to the Samnites • 381 – first municipium – • ca. 350 – expansion into central Italy • 343-341 – First Samnite War • 340-338 – Latin War

  8. Socii • Latin for “allies” • Rome uses their manpower for military • Roman diplomacy

  9. Roman Colonies • Latin Allies • “Latin rights” now extended to favored allies • Latin Colonies • Municipia

  10. Roads and Conquest • Roman roads • Via Appia - 312BCE

  11. Conquest of Central Italy • Second Samnite War (327-304/3) • Third Samnite War (298-290)