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Outlining YourSpeech Chapter 11
Preparation Outline • Helps prepare speech • Not full text of speech See Katy Mazz’s Preparation Outline on p. 233
Main Points • Most important ideas in speech
Subpoint • Develops an aspect of a main point • Sub-subpoint develops an aspect of a subpoint
Coordination • Arranging points into successive levels, with points on a specific level having equal importance
Subordination • Ranking ideas in order from most to least important
Connectives • Words & phrases that: • Link main ideas • Summarize arguments • Help transition from one point to the next (Chapter 9)
Student Video Example Rachel Rota; Transition; 8 sec. Click image to play video; “alt” & “enter” keys for full screen. Windows Media Player required
Tips for Preparation Outline • Use complete sentences • Label introduction, body, conclusion & connectives • Use consistent pattern of symbols & indentation
Tips for Preparation Outline (cont.) • Divide points into at least two subpoints • Check for balance • Keep audience-centered focus
Speaking Outline • Condensed form of preparation outline • Helps speaker remember ideas while speaking See Katy Mazz’s Speech Outline on p. 239
Tips for theSpeaking Outline • Use keywords & phrases • Use an outline format • Write clearly & legibly • Add cues for delivery See InfoTrac College Edition Exercise 11.1: Creating a Speaking Outline at the Invitation to Public Speaking website.
Note Cards Advantages • Smaller & less obvious than full sheets of paper • Sturdier & less likely to shake • Give speaker something to hold on to
Guidelines for Note Cards • Use keywords & phrases • No more than 5 or 6 lines per • Do not write full text • Write clearly & legibly/type
Guidelines for Note Cards(cont.) • Use only one side of card • Number each card • Write cues for delivery • Try not to tap, wave or play with cards