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The Smart Card Platform. Gaby Lenhart Project leader ETSI Technical Committee Smart Card Platform (TC SCP). ETSI Technical Committee Smart Card Platform. 16 Years of dedication and real-life experience

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the smart card platform

The Smart Card Platform

Gaby Lenhart

Project leader

ETSI Technical Committee Smart Card Platform (TC SCP)

etsi technical committee smart card platform
ETSI Technical Committee Smart Card Platform
  • 16 Years of dedication and real-life experience
    • founded in March 2000 as the successor of SMG9, the SIM-people, who specified the most successful smart card application with currently more than 1 billion subscribers and +4 billion SIMs deployed
  • mission
    • to create a series of specifications for a smart card platform, based on real-life (outside) requirements, on which other committees can base their system specific work to achieve basic compatibility
tc scp terms of reference
TC SCP Terms of Reference
  • to develop the physical and the logical IC card platform
  • to develop advanced security methods for applications such as financial transactions (“mobile commerce”)
  • to develop a card-side toolkit to allow the creation of terminal independent value added services
  • to develop supporting specifications and technical reports
tc scp working structure
TC SCP Working Structure

SCP Plenary

Chairman Klaus Vedder, G&D

Vice-Chair Nigel Barnes, Motorola

SCP Requirements Group

SCP Technical Group

Chairman Tim Evans, Vodafone UK

Chairman Paul Jolivet, LG Electronics

Vice-Chair Ilario Macchi, TIM

Vice-Chair Sebastian Hans, Sun Microsystems

Vice-Chair Xavier Piednoir, Orange

tc scp who does what
TC SCP - Who Does What
  • Plenary
    • strategy and other general topics
    • approval of requirements for technical solutions
    • approval of new work items and specifications/reports
    • approval of Change Requests (CRs) to specifications/reports
    • liaisons with other committees and organizations
  • Requirement Working Group
    • analysis of requirements coming from outside and inside SCP
    • elaboration of requirements for the technical work
    • development of requirement specifications
  • Technical Working Group
    • enhancements to the core platform specifications
    • development of the next generation UICC
    • use of PKI, security between applications on the card
    • secure messaging, administrative commands
    • Card Application Toolkit (CAT)
    • Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)
    • development of card interfaces
the uicc system
The UICC System

USIM

SIM

TETRA

TS 102 221

The

multi-application platform*

*Scope similar to EMV2000 as used by financial sector

Additional commands, features, security, PKI

.......

CDMA2000

eHealth

from mono to multi application
The SIM - a "mono-application" card

SIM according to GSM 11.11

applications based on SIM Application Toolkit

WIM as exception(own command set and triggered by WAP browser)

The UICC -

the multi-application platform

separation of layers and applications

logical channels to run applications in parallel

Others

EMV

USIM

SIM

Electronic

Purse

SIM-WIM

Banking

Location

Browser

(U)SAT

SIM Application Toolkit (SAT)

Phonebook

SIM

UICC

GSM

Purse

From “Mono-" to Multi-Application

eHealth

new features of the usim uicc

Multi-application card

Supports multiple

applications which can

run simultaneously

using logical channels

Powerful phonebook

Store entries with

e-mail, second name, groups Intelligent linking to the GSM application allows data sharing in a GSM phone

USIM/UICC

Mutual authentication

Authentication and Key Agreement (AKA) involves authentication of the 3G network to the USIM as well

New PIN

protection concept

Hierarchical PIN management

Universal PIN, Application PIN,

Local PIN

New Features of the USIM/UICC
published 1 the platform
Published (1) - The Platform
  • TS 102 221 Physical and logical characteristics of the card / terminal interface
    • the core specification which provides a multi-application platform with logical channels for smart cardsbased on this platform a smart card application can be defined for any system
    • specifies the lower layers of a smart card including the electrical and mechanical interface, the logical structure, the basic commands and the intrinsic security system

Related test specification published as TS 102 230

published 2 core documents
Published (2) - Core Documents
  • Administrative commands (TS 102 222)
    • allows standardized personalization and standardized remote administration, e.g. over-the-air (OTA)
  • Card Application Toolkit (TS 102 223 / 227)
    • based on the successful GSM specification "SIM Application Toolkit" which was stripped of all the GSM specific features
    • allows the card issuer to create value added services independent from the terminal
    • application writers benefit by using CAT for different systems

Transport protocol for CAT applications between a UICC application and a remote entity to ensure acknowledgement, segmentation/fragmentation, retransmission of messages

  • ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers (TS 101 220)
    • the ETSI offering of managing Application Identifiers (AIDs) for UICC based applications
published 3 derivatives
Published (3) - Derivatives

Generalization of well-known GSM specifications

(GSM 03.48 Secure messaging; GSM 03.19 Java CardTM API)

  • Secure messaging
    • defines end-to-end (smart card to application server) secure messaging over a variety of bearers (e.g. enciphered and integrity protected messages between the smart card and a banking server)
      • TS 102 224 Security mechanisms for UICC based Applications
      • TS 102 225 Secured packet structure for UICC based applications
      • TS 102 226 Remote APDU Structure for UICC based Applications
  • Application Programming Interface (API)
    • allows applications to be developed independently of the underlying card operating system
      • TS 102 240 Application Programming Interface and Loader, Requirements
      • TS 102 241 Java CardTM Application Programming Interface for the UICC; Stage 2(Java CardTM 2.2)
published 4 emc
Published (4) - EMC

Technical Reports on interference topics

  • Measurement of Electromagnetic Emission of SIM Cards (TR 102 151)
    • definition of a standard hardware equipment for electromagnetic measurements of smart cards and a common electromagnetic measurement procedure
  • Terminal - card interface; Considerations on robustness improvements (TR 102 242)
    • describes failure mechanisms that could potentially generate major operating issues between the terminal and the card, the countermeasures that should be applied within the current specifications and the enhancements that may further increase the interface robustness
published 5 the toolkit transport protocol
Published (5) - The Toolkit Transport Protocol
  • CAT_TP provides the following functionality as underlying layer for application protocols (TS 102 124 and TS 102 127)
    • reliability of the data communication (not necessarily security, security can be handled by an independent GSM 03.48 layer)
    • segmentation and concatenation of data
    • retransmission of messages
    • addressing for different physical bearers (GPRS uses IP, SMS uses telephone numbers, Bluetooth has its own addressing scheme...)
    • access to BIP channels (up to 8 channels may be open the same time)
    • possible multiplexing of BIP channels
    • standardised opening a BIP channel from the server side
cat tp and bip

application protocol

03.48 security layer

CAT_TP

Server

CAT_TP and BIP

BIP*

  • * Mechanism originally specified by 3GPP T3 by which the ME provides the UICC with access to the data bearers supported by the ME and the network
co operation
Co-operation
  • SCP is co-operating on both technical and service aspects with a number of other committees both within and outside the telecommunications sector. These include

3GPP (UTRAN/GERAN), 3GPP2 (CDMA2000), ARIB and some ETSI Technical Bodies

    • provision of requirements, referencing SCP specifications

GSMAssociaton (GSMA SCaG and GSMNA)

    • provision and alignment of requirements

GlobalPlatform

    • close co-operation in the advancement of, in particular, OTA specifications
    • all specifications updated to and aligned with GlobalPlatform 2.1

Liberty Alliance

    • close co-operation on identity issues

Open Mobile Alliance (OMA)

    • connectivity to the Smart Card Web Server, developed in OMA
    • close co-operation regarding Digital Rights Management (DRM)

… and many others

current topics 1
Current Topics (1)
  • High speed interface
    • evolution of the smart card communication channel with respect to transfer rate, size and protocol considering issues such as:
      • performance and power consumption
      • value to applications and scalability
      • to allow for large memory on the USIM
      • ease of implementation (in both terminal and UICC)
    • candidates
      • MMC (Multi Media Card protocol)
      • USB (Universal Serial Bus)

To be finalized soon

  • UICC external peripherals data-exchange (near field communication
    • providing an interface for the UICC to access contactless technology in the terminal, which would allow e.g. for:
      • communicating patient data
      • accessing public transport
      • micro-payments using an electronic purse on the UICC
current topics 2
Current Topics (2)
  • Support for Large Files on the UICC
    • Multimedia and PKI applications among others need to exceed the current maximum file size of 65,535 bytes. The aim is to increase the maximum file size beyond this limit providing backward compatibility (for existing implementations)
  • Environmental conditions
    • temperature range and humidity
    • vibration and acceleration shocks

To be finalized soon

  • Sensitive data creation and initialization
  • The USSM (UICC Security Service Module)
    • container for security related topics such as keys, certificates, PINs and management of algorithms utilized by UICC based applications
how to get more information
How to Get More Information

ETSI

http://www.ETSI.org

 all (>12 000!) published specifications are available free of charge !!

 but, can only be downloaded one at a time …

but, not so many smart card specifications, so no problem !

ETSI SCP website

http://portal.etsi.org/scp/summary.asp

Next SCP Requirement WG / Plenary meeting

Toulouse, 03-05 / 05-07 July 2006

current technical specifications reports 1

Annex

Current Technical Specifications/Reports (1)
  • TS 101 220ETSI numbering system for telecommunication application providers
  • TS 102 124Transport protocol for CAT applications; Service description; Stage 1
  • TS 102 127Transport protocol for CAT applications; Stage
  • TR 102 151Measurement of Electromagnetic Emission of SIM Cards
  • TR 102 216Vocabulary for Smart Card Platform Specifications
  • TS 102 221UICC-Terminal interface; Physical and logical characteristics
  • TS 102 222Administrative commands for telecommunications applications
  • TS 102 223Card Application Toolkit (CAT)
current technical specifications reports 2

Annex

Current Technical Specifications/Reports (2)
  • TS 102 224Security mechanisms for UICC based Applications - Functional requirements
  • TS 102 225Secured packet structure for UICC based applications
  • TS 102 226Remote APDU Structure for UICC based Applications
  • TS 102 230UICC-Terminal interface; Physical, electrical and logical test specification
  • TS 102 240 UICC Application Programming Interface and Loader Requirements; Service description
  • TS 102 241Java CardTM Application Programming Interface for the UICC
  • TR 102 242Terminal - card interface; Considerations on robustness improvements
current technical specifications reports 3

Annex

Current Technical Specifications/Reports (3)
  • TS 102 266USSM: UICC Security Service Module
  • TS 102 310EAP Support in UICC
  • TS 102 350Identity files and procedures on a UICC: Stage 1
  • TS 102 384Card Application Toolkit (CAT) conformance specification
  • TS 102 412 Smart Card Platform Requirements