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MIAMI. Land Use and Management. Kourosh Agahdel Derek Taube Jordan Wilbanks. The Burgeoning Metropolis. Timeline:. 1910: population 5,500 Miami’s economy was based on tourism 1950: population 172,000 1959: Cuban Revolution led to large number of immigrants into Miami

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  1. MIAMI Land Use and Management Kourosh Agahdel Derek Taube Jordan Wilbanks

  2. The Burgeoning Metropolis Timeline: • 1910: population 5,500 • Miami’s economy was based on tourism • 1950: population 172,000 • 1959: Cuban Revolution led to large number of immigrants into Miami • 1990: Cuban refugee population over 600,000 in Miami-Dade county 1 • Currently Miami-Dade is home to 2.4 million people, and Broward County, almost 1.8 2 Construction of the Fontainebleau Hotel (1954)

  3. Managing the Land • The early 1970s saw a reform of land management policy in the Florida State government • 1972: The Water Resources Act, The State Comprehensive Planning Act, The Environmental Land and Water Management Act (ELMS) • 1975: Local Government Comprehensive Planning Act • Expansion of Growth Management with ELMS II • 1985: Local Government Comprehensive Planning and Land Development Regulation Act (or Growth Management Act)3 Until the early ‘70s, “land use regulation [had been]condemned as illegal, unconstitutional, arbitrary, capricious, unreasonable, and un-American” - Dr. Ernest R. Bartley4

  4. Growth Management Act (1985) • Driven byCONSISTENCY, CONCURRENCY, and COMPACTNESS • Covers 24 subjects, including children/families, public safety, coastal and marine resources, and cultural and historical resources5

  5. Concurrency Defined: Matching development infrastructure with the rate of growth • Implemented by local government • Miami-Dade County Service Concurrency Management Program developed in  1989 Seven Concurrency Services: Department of Planning and Zoning, Department of Environmental Resource Management (DERM), Fire Department, Miami-Dade Transit Agency, Park and Recreation Department, Public Works Department, and Solid Waste Management Seven Levels of Standards: • Local Recreation Open Space (parks) • Potable Water • Sanitary Sewer • Solid Waste • Traffic Circulation (roadways) • Drainage • Mass Transit 6

  6. Comprehensive Development Master Plan Miami-Dade County’s plan for land development and conservation over the next 10-20 years (Created in 2000) • Establishes urban development boundary (Everglades) • Undergoes review every 7 years • Sets parameters for the Department of Planning and Zoning • Encourages development at a rate concurrent with economic and population growth7

  7. Comprehensive Development Master Plan Miami-Dade’s development and conservation policy is organized into 11 elements:     I. Land Use Element    II. Transportation Element    III. Housing Element    IV. Conservation, Aquifer Recharge and Drainage Element    V. Water, Sewer and Solid Waste Element    VI. Recreation and Open Space Element    VII. Coastal Management Element    VIII. Intergovernmental Coordination Element    IX. Capital Improvements Element    X. Educational Element    XI. Economic Element 8

  8. Department of Community Affairs FLORIDA • Mission Statement: “We will meet the needs of Floridians by investing in communities and working with them to plan and manage growth.” The DCA is the state’s land planning and community development agency 4 • Programs include: • Affordable Housing – technical assistance for the development of community plans • Growth Management Workshop – discussed how Florida’s future growth will be shaped by the state’s land use planning laws • Transportation Planning - work with Dept. of Transportation and Metropolitan Planning Organization, for improved land use and transportation coordination 9

  9. Works Cited: • George, Dr. Paul S. 1996. “Miami: One Hundred Years of History.” South Florida History Magazine. v. 23 no. 2. http://www.historical-museum.org/history/sfhm242.htm • The U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/CO-EST2006-01.html • Powell, David L.  “History of Growth Management in Florida” .   http://www.dca.state.fl.us/growth/meetings/presentations/powell.pdf. • Bartley, Dr. Ernest R. 1973. Status and Effectiveness of Land Development Regulation in Florida Today. Summary Report of the Environmental Land Management Study Committee’s Conference on Land Use: p. 9. • “A Time for Leadership: Growth management and Florida 2060.” 2006. Dir: Dr. Catherine L. Ross. p. 4. http://1000friendsofflorida.org/PUBS/2060/A-Time-for-Leadership-Report-Final.pdf • Miami-Dade County Service Concurrency Management Program.   http://www.miamidade.gov/planzone/Library/concurrencyQA.pdf. • Miami-Dade Planning and Zoning: Comprehensive Development Master Plan. http://www.miamidade.gov/planzone/planning_metro_CDMP.asp • Adopted Components  Comprehensive Development Master Plan. October 2006edition   http://www.miamidade.gov/planzone/cdmp/plan/Table%20Of%20Contents.pdf. • Department of Community Affairs.  http://www.dca.state.fl.us/AboutUs.cfm.

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