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The Vietnam War. Learning Targets. Explain how the U.S. got involved in the Vietnam War. Compare and contrast the U.S. and NVA/Vietcong strategies. Predict the effectiveness of each plan. A Soldier ’ s Experience. A Soldier ’ s Experience. THE VIETNAM WAR. 1954: Geneva Accords--1954.

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learning targets
Learning Targets
  • Explain how the U.S. got involved in the Vietnam War.
  • Compare and contrast the U.S. and NVA/Vietcong strategies.
  • Predict the effectiveness of each plan.
a soldier s experience
A Soldier’s Experience

A Soldier’s


1954 geneva accords 1954
1954: Geneva Accords--1954
  • Vietnam divided when French left
  • North Vietnam - Ho Chi Minh & communist
  • South Vietnam - Ngo Dinh Diem & anti-communist

Ho Chi Minh

Divided at 17th parallel

Ngo Dinh Diem

growing problems
Growing Problems

1. Diem’s leadership

  • Refused election
  • Persecuted Buddhists
  • Overthrown and followed by unstable gov’ts
growing problems1
Growing Problems

2. Growth of the Vietcong (VC)

  • communist guerillas in S.Vietnam
  • strategic hamlet plan (move villagers) failed
  • 80% of countryside supported
  • Vietcong
whiteboard moment
Whiteboard Moment!
  • If you lived in South Vietnam, would you have joined the Vietcong? Why or why not?
u s aids south
U.S. Aids South
  • Eisenhower sent aid b/c of domino theory
  • 1961: JFK follows with “military advisors”

By 1963, 16,000

American troops are

training in South


tonkin gulf resolution
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • August 2, 1964:

U.S. destroyer

Maddox “attacked”

in Gulf of Tonkin

tonkin gulf resolution1
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  • Congress gave Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) war powers

Senate Vote: 88 to 2

“to take all necessary

steps, including the use

of armed force…”

whiteboard moment1
Whiteboard Moment
  • In your opinion, should the U.S. have involved themselves in the conflict? Explain.
nva viet cong tactics
NVA/Viet Cong Tactics
  • Guerilla warfare (booby traps, tunnel system)
  • Ho Chi Minh Trail (transport supplies)
american escalation
American Escalation
  • General William Westmoreland, U.S. Commander
  • 1968: 538, 000 U.S. troops
operation rolling thunder
Operation Rolling Thunder
  • Bombing raids of North Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh Trail

643,000 tons of bombs

5 times Hiroshima

3 years

Air Force Chief of Staff

Lemey about bombing

them“back to the stone


ground war
Ground War
  • Search and Destroy Missions: seek VC and destroyed villages
  • Jungle warfare, so defoliants used (Agent Orange/Napalm)
whiteboard time
Whiteboard Time !!
  • Describe the U.S. fighting tactics in one word. Defend your choice.
khe sanh
Khe Sanh
  • Wanted info on Ho Chi Minh Trail
  • 40,000 NVA vs. 5,600 U.S. for over 2 mths.
  • U.S. win,

shows NVA


tet offensive
Tet Offensive
  • Massive attack by North on Vietnamese New Year
  • Military victory for South/U.S.
  • Morale victory for North

100 towns and cities

Attacked; 12 air bases


42,000Vietcong casualties

final reflection
Final Reflection
  • Read “Vietnam War.”
  • Using information from your reading and notes, write as much as you can remember abut the Vietnam War.
  • DO NOT look at your notes or the reading.