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Unit A Business Law. Essential Standard 1.00 Understand concepts of the legal system, trial procedures, and ethics. . Objective 1.00 Understand ethics, origins, and structure of the legal system. Ethics rules used to determine the difference between right and wrong

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unit a business law

Unit A Business Law

Essential Standard 1.00

Understand concepts of the legal system,

trial procedures, and ethics.

slide2

Objective 1.00

Understand ethics, origins, and

structure of the legal system

slide3

Ethics

rules used to determine the difference between right and wrong

Origins of Ethics

GreatestGood

examines whether the action will cause the greatest good for the greatest number of people

The Golden Rule

“Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”

ethical reasoning
Ethical Reasoning

Consequential Ethical Reasoning

alternative ways to change the current situation

evaluates each alternative

generates the greatest good

Rule Based Ethical Reasoning

fundamental ethical rule

either a recognized authority or human reasoning

acts themselves are judged as right or wrong

Ethics as Reflected in U. S. Laws and the U. S. Constitution

laws are judged to be right or good when they affect the majority of the people in a positive manner.

sources of law
Sources of Law

The Constitution

principles by which its government operates

adopted or amended

constitutional law is madewhen the court interprets it

U. S. Constitution

main instrument for allocating powers between the people and their governments. Bill of Rights.

State Constitution-Sovereignty

Power between the federal and state governments

Tenth Amendment acknowledges sovereignty for all states to govern their citizens with their respective borders.

sources of law continued
Sources of Law (Continued)

English Common Law

result of custom-based laws being unified by courts in England.

Statutory Law

act of a legislature that declares, prescribes, or commands something

specific law, expressed in writing.

local statutes or laws are usually called "ordinances.“

Case Law

based on an appealed cases

appellate court issues a ruling based on their decision

new rules in deciding the appealed case

sets precedence for similar future cases.

Administrative Law

body of rules created by government agencies.

(Ex. Federal Communications Commission)

the united states legal system
The United States Legal System

A System of Checks and Balances

This system was set up to ensure that no single branch exceeded it’s authority when making laws, statutes or decisions that may be in violation of the U. S. Constitution.

Legislative Branch

consists of the U. S. Senate and the U. S. House of Representatives.

Executive Branch

consists of the President and the Vice President, of the United States.

Judicial Branch

consists of the U. S. Supreme Court

decides on the constitutionality of any statute passed by the legislative branch.

may decide if an action or decision by the Executive branch exceeds the powers granted under the Constitution.

If so, this action or decision is void.

law enforcement federal and state
Law EnforcementFederal and State

Federal Law Enforcement Agencies

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

mission is to uphold the law through the investigation of violations of federal criminal statutes.

divided into five functional areas:

Criminal Law Enforcement

Foreign Counterintelligence

Investigative and Operational Support

Law Enforcement Services

Direction, Control, and Administration

United States Marshal Service

apprehend federal fugitives

protect the federal judiciary

operate the Witness Security Program

transport federal prisoners

seize property acquired by criminals through illegal activities.

federal agencies continued
Federal Agencies (Continued)

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)

mission is to enforce the controlled substances laws and regulations of the United States and bring to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States, or any other competent jurisdiction, those organizations and principal members of organizations, involved in the growing, manufacture, or distribution of controlled substances appearing in or destined for illicit traffic in the United States.

Department of Homeland Security

mission is to:

prevent terrorist attacks within the United States

reduce the vulnerability of the United States to terrorism

minimize the damage, and assist in the recovery, from terrorist attacks that do occur within the United States.

state and local agencies
State and Local Agencies

North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation (SBI)

division of the N.C. Department of Justice

assists local law enforcement with criminal investigations

North Carolina State Highway Patrol

reduce collisions and make the highways as safe as possible

active patrol and enforcement of N. C. State statutes and laws for motor vehicle operation

state and local agencies continued
State and Local Agencies (Continued)

N.C. Sheriff Departments (by county or jurisdiction)

responsible for the courts of the State

acting as their bailiff and marshal

administers and executes criminal and civil justice and acts as the ex officio detention officer for the jail.

Police Departments (local)

within the corporate limits of their city or jurisdiction and one mile outside these limits

same powers that are vested to all officers by statute and common law, to enforce the laws and statutes of the State of N. C.