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Use of Arteriotomy Closure Devices and the Risk of Vascular Complications: An Analysis of 227,879 Patients in the NCDR. Sameer K. Mehta MD, Andrew D. Frutkin MD, Sunil V. Rao MD, Tracy Y. Wang MD, MS, David Dai MS, David J. Cohen MD, MSc, Steven P. Marso MD, on behalf of the NCDR

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slide1

Use of Arteriotomy Closure Devices and the Risk of Vascular Complications: An Analysis of 227,879 Patients in the NCDR

Sameer K. Mehta MD, Andrew D. Frutkin MD, Sunil V. Rao MD, Tracy Y. Wang MD, MS, David Dai MS, David J. Cohen MD, MSc, Steven P. Marso MD, on behalf of the NCDR

The Mid America Heart Institute and Duke Clinical Research Institute.

American Heart Association Scientific Sessions – November 4, 2007

presenter disclosure information
Presenter Disclosure Information

Sameer K. Mehta MD et al.

Use of Arteriotomy Closure Devices and the Risk of Vascular Complications: An Analysis of 227,879 Patients in the NCDR.

No authors report any disclosures or conflicts of interest.

background
Background
  • Arteriotomy Closure Devices (ACD’s) are an alternative method of hemostasis after PCI.
  • ACD’s reduce time to hemostasis, decrease time to ambulation, and shorten hospital stay.
  • Conclusions regarding ACDs and vascular complications are limited
    • Non-uniformity of study end-points
    • Disparate conclusions.
  • Thus, the relationship between ACD use and vascular complications remains controversial.

Cheavlier et al. CCI 2003

Dauerman et al. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2007

Koreny, M. et al. JAMA 2004

slide4
Aim

To determine whether ACDs are associated with an increased incidence of vascular complications in a contemporary PCI setting

methods
Methods
  • Version 3.04 of NCDR Cath-PCI Registry
  • Contains data from PCI procedures performed from Jan. 1, 2004 to March 31, 2006 at over 600 U.S. Hospitals
  • Exclusion Criteria:
    • 16,569 patients who received lytics.
    • 22,246 patients who were coded as “no attempt of hemostasis.”
    • 701 patients whose hemostasis method was coded as “other.”
    • 39,164 patients who were treated with mechanical compression devices.
    • 24,782 patients treated with vascular patches.
study population
Study Population
  • Final population consists of 227,879 patients who underwent PCI via femoral access
    • 109,281 patients treated with ACD
    • 118,598 patients treated by manual compression
  • ACD group consisted of all types of ACDs
    • suture alone, extravascular collagen alone, suture-collagen combinations, and staple/clip technologies
acc ncdr end point definitions
ACC-NCDR End Point Definitions
  • Entry Site Bleeding
    • during hospitalization
    • required a transfusion and/or prolonged the hospital stay and/or caused a Hgb drop > 3.0 g/dl
    • external or a hematoma >10cm
  • RP Bleed
    • during hospitalization
    • required transfusion and/or prolonged hosp stay, and/or Hgb drop > 3.o g/dl.
  • Pseudoaneurysm
    • by US or arteriography.
  • AV Fistula
    • by US or arteriography
  • Access Site Occlusion
    • total obstruction of the artery, usually at the site of access, requiring surgical repair.
methods1
Methods
  • Primary end-point was a composite of any vascular complication.
  • We compared unadjusted and adjusted rates of vascular complications in 2 groups:
    • ACD
    • manual compression.
methods analysis
Methods - Analysis
  • Adjusted analyses were performed using generalized estimating equation models.
    • Models adjusted for age, gender, diabetes, hypertension, creatinine clearance, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, medications (including warfarin, heparin, thrombin inhibitors, and platelet aggregation inhibitors), and the presence of an acute PCI.
are acd s protective
Are ACD’s protective?
  • If ACDs are protective against vascular complications, then we should observe a reduction in complications with increased use.
  • Thus, we stratified population by the % ACD use per site.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • In our large observational analysis, ACD use was associated with an overall reduction in vascular complications.
  • However, increased ACD use did not convey a protective benefit.
  • The discrepancy between these two findings may be the result of unmeasured confounders.
limitations
Limitations
  • Low incidence of complications
  • Lack of randomization
    • Selection bias as to who received ACD vs. manual compression
    • Unable to adjust for unmeasured covariates
  • Unable to measure other potential benefits of ACDs
    • time to ambulation
    • patient comfort
future directions
Future Directions
  • Other analyses planned to attempt to address residual confounding:
    • Propensity analyses