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“A manifesto is a communication made to the whole world, whose only pretension is to the discovery of an instant cure for political, astronomical, artistic, parliamentary, agronomical and literary syphilis. It may be pleasant, and good-natured, it's always right, it's strong, vigorous and logical. Apropos of logic, I consider myself very likeable”. -Tristan Tzara (source : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_manifesto#Dada_Manifesto_1916) “The magic of a word - DADA - which for journalists has opened the door to an unforeseen world, has for us not the slightest importance. To launch a manifesto you have to want: A.B. & C., and fulminate against 1, 2, & 3, work yourself up and sharpen you wings to conquer and circulate lower and upper case As, Bs & Cs, sign, shout, swear, organize prose into a form that is absolutely and irrefutably obvious, prove its ne plus ultra and maintain that novelty resembles life in the same way as the latest apparition of a harlot proves the essence of God. His existence had already been proved by the accordion, the landscape and soft words. * To impose one's A.B.C. is only natural - and therefore regrettable. -Dada Manifesto Tristan Tzara23rd march 1918 (source: Crickenberger, H.M. The Lemming. August 15h, 2010. <www.thelemming.com>. Web).
What is a manifesto? ( source: www.envrak.fr/documents/articles/71/dada4aff.jpg)
The Manifesto: • According to Merriam-Webster: “Etymology: Italian, denunciation, manifest, from manifestare to manifest, from Latin, from manifestus. Date: 1620: a written Statement declaring publicly the intentions, motives, or views of its issuser.” • “A manifesto is a public declaration of principles and intentions, often political in nature. Manifestos relating to religious belief are generally referred to as a creed. Manifestos may also be life stance-related.” (source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manifesto)
The Art Manifesto • “Art manifestos are mostly extreme in their rhetoric and intended for shock value to achieve a revolutionary effect”. • “They often address wider issues, such as the political system”. • “Typical themes are the need for revolution, freedom (of expression) and the implied or overtly stated superiority of the writers over the status quo”. • “The manifesto gives a means of expressing, publicizing and recording ideas for the artist or art group…” • The period from 1909 (the first art manifesto of the 20th century) up to World War II, produced “the best known [art] manifestoes.” • They often consist of a number of statements, sometimes numbered or in bullet points. • Previously used as a “political document of state…the declaration of war in 1914 was…in a document titled “a manifesto.” • Often recited or presented live. combining theater with a political statement. (source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_manifesto)
The Dada Manifesto • The first Dada manifesto was recited by Hugo Ball, on July 14, 1916. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_manifesto#Dada_Manifesto_1916). (We will read this in a moment). • His manifesto was a “political statement about his views on the terrible state of society… acknowledging his dislike for philosophies in the past claiming to possess the ultimate Truth”. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugo_Ball) • The recital of his manifesto, and other Dada events took place at the Cabaret Voltaire, a performance space and club co-founded by Ball in Zürich. • Many Dada manifestos were written by Dada artists in different parts of Europe during the peak of Dada activity. • The Dada manifesto, helped spread Dada ideas, and were often sharp critiques of the civilization and culture which gave rise to World War I. “Hugo Ball in ‘cubist costume’ reciting his poem “Elefantenkarawane” at the Cabaret Voltaire, 23 June 1916.” (source: asitoughttobe.files.wordpress.com)
Dada’s impact • Dada shocked audiences and critics alike. • Audiences would at times resort to throwing fruit. A theater riot broke out at a Dada play in Paris. • Dada would directly influence and merge into Surrealism and continue to inform artistic expression up to the present.
How to Write a Manifesto: Guidelines and Portfolio Requirements • Each Student will create their own personal manifesto. • The Manifesto should address the following: -Who are you? (this can either be as an individual artist, or in terms of a fictional art group of your creation). -What is your view of the world and of art? -Is there something you feel passionate about? Perhaps a social issue that you are trying to address or raise awareness about? -What is your vision of the future? -What is the role of the artist? • Requirements -This is the last component of your Portfolio. -Your final draft should be typed and double-spaced, 12 pt. font, 1-2 pgs. in length. -Correct spelling and grammar. -Students will read and present their manifestoes at the gallery walk when we create a Cabaret of our own. Remember these are performances, be creative! (Please see scoring guide). -This is a place to speak your mind loudly! Have fun but please keep manifestoes and performances school-appropriate!