Objectives and expectations
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OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTATIONS. Dr Bernard Vallat Director General. Contents. Context of the conference OIE 5th Strategic Plan OIE role in aquatic animal health Objectives and expectations Desired outcomes of the conference. Global demand for food security.


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Objectives and expectations


Dr Bernard Vallat

Director General


  • Context of the conference

  • OIE 5th Strategic Plan

  • OIE role in aquatic animal health

  • Objectives and expectations

  • Desired outcomes of the conference

Global demand for food security
Global demand for food security

  • Population growth: +1 billion people by 2050

  • Shift from poverty to middle-class

  • Increase in the number of daily meals and the protein intake of individuals

  • Some projections indicate that the demand for animal protein will increase by 50%

    • especially in developing countries

Aquaculture and food security
Aquaculture and food security

  • Aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sector (annual growth @ 8.4% p.a. since 1970)

  • Aquaculture provides high quality animal protein

  • Animal health, food security and public health are linked

  • To satisfy the global demand for protein-based foods, aquatic animal production must be intensified

  • Aquaculture development brings new aquatic animal disease risks and threats to the environment

  • Aquatic animal diseases represent a major limitation to efficient aquaculture production and a constraint on international trade;

Aquaculture particular challenges
Aquaculture: particular challenges

  • Countries need efficient aquatic animal health programmes to increase production of safe products in an environmentally sustainable way and to participate in international trade;

  • Veterinarians and other health professionals play a key role in the establishment and implementation of aquatic animal health programs; but resources and qualified/skilled professionals are often lacking

  • Aquatic Animal Health Services, whether part of the Veterinary Services or not, frequently lack financial resources and infrastructure, including legislation, to implement efficient aquatic animal health programs.

The ‘Global Public Good’ Concept

  • The benefits of control and eradication of infectious diseases, are international and inter­generational in scope.

  • Countries depend on each other – the failure of one endangers all

  • Animal health systems are not a strictly commercial or agricultural good. They are fully eligible for national and global public resources

Supporting animal health systems:

a national and global priority

Good Governance: for all countries

  • Competent Authorities need adequate infrastructure (including modern legislation) and resources to support effective implementation of animal health systems in the national territory, notably to address:

    • Disease surveillance, early detection, transparency

    • Rapid response to disease outbreaks

    • Biosecurity measures

    • Compensation

      Deregulation and lack of sustainable funding for veterinary services and aquatic animal health services can lead to biological disasters

5th OIE Strategic Plan (2011-2015)

  • Animal Health systems are a global public good

  • Global public goods > benefit all countries, people and generations

  • One World-One Health (OWOH)

  • A global strategy for cooperation in managing risks at the animal-human interface

  • Relation between animal health, animal production and the environment

  • Need to gain a clearer understanding of the link between animals and the environment.

5th OIE Strategic Plan: Key concepts

  • Food Security and Food Safety

    • Increasing demand for a global supply of safe food

    • Food security, especially the supply of affordable high quality protein, is a key public health concern

    • Animal health programs contribute to food security and food safety

    • Veterinary Services and aquatic animal health services play a key role in meeting societal expectations.

  • Standard Setting

    • The OIE is the unique global organisation setting science-based standards and guidelines for animal health (including zoonoses), animal welfare and animal production food safety

5th Strategic Plan: Key concepts

  • Animal welfare: a strategic engagement

    • Animal health is a key component of animal welfare

    • OIE, with the mandate of its Members, is recognised globally as the leader in setting international animal welfare standards

  • Veterinary education

    • High quality veterinarians play an essential role in society

    • Need for standardisation of the veterinary diploma, both initial and continuing education

    • The OIE role in developing standards, including for aquatic animal health, progressed through OIE Global Conferences (Paris 2009 and Lyon 2011).

5th Strategic Plan: Key concepts

  • Good Governance of Veterinary Services and Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS)

    • Members need appropriate infrastructure to support implementation of national animal health programmes throughout the territory

    • Governments have the overall authority and responsibility

    • Alliances between public and private sectors (veterinarians, farmers, consumers)

    • OIE standards for efficient Veterinary and AAHS Services

      • Using the OIE PVS Pathway

    • Role of the Veterinary Statutory Body setting standards for the practice of veterinary medicine.

The oie role in standard setting
TheOIE role in standard setting

The ‘3 sisters’

food safety

plant health



animal health and zoonoses


WTO SPS Agreement recognises OIE as a reference organisation for international standards on animal health including zoonoses

Publication of international standards

Aquatic Animal Health Code

amphibians, crustaceans, fish and molluscs

Manual of Diagnostic Tests

for Aquatic Animals

Official reference of the WTO SPS Agreement

Adopted by consensus of OIE Members

available on the

OIE Website

International standards
International standards

  • Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission oversees production of the Aquatic Code and Aquatic Manual;

  • 1st edition of the Aquatic Code and Manual produced in 1995;

  • Recent developments include Code chapters on:

    • welfare of farmed fish

    • prudent use of antimicrobial agents in aquatic animals

    • criteria for safety of aquatic animal commodities

    • control of hazards in feed

    • New listing of two diseases of amphibians

International standards antimicrobial use
International standards: antimicrobial use

  • There is an urgent need to address the issues associated with antimicrobial use in aquatic animals

  • Very few effective compounds have been developed and authorised for use in aquatic animals

  • Use in aquatic animals involves the deliberate introduction of these chemicals into the food chain and the environment

  • Uncontrolled use can lead to the emergence of resistant bacteria, which reduces the therapeutic value of antimicrobials…leading to

  • Public perception of a “drug-based” industry and consumer aversion to aquaculture products.

International standards antimicrobial use1
International standards: antimicrobial use

  • The OIE recognises that this issue has important implications for human health, animal health and the environment

  • We are developing standards and recommendations to Members through an ad hoc Group on Antimicrobial Resistance and Aquatic Animals

  • The Chair of the ad hoc Group will make a presentation at this conference on the steps that need to be taken to manage these risks.

Consultation on standards development
Consultation on standards development

  • Increasing numbers of Members engage in standard development by submitting comments on draft texts

  • Experts are drawn from OIE reference centres and from all regions to participate in OIE ad hoc Groups, which report to Working Groups (Animal Welfare, Wildlife and Animal Production Food Safety) and/or Elected Commissions

  • Creation of National Aquatic Animal Focal Points (AAFP), under the authority of the National Delegate, help to strengthen engagement and implementation of standards

    • to date, 147 Members have nominated AAFP.

OIE global partnerships

The OIE has cooperative agreements with 51 global and regional organisations, most of which mainly focus on terrestrial animals, with some exceptions.


  • Chapter 1.1Aquatic Code

  • ‘Notification of Diseases and Epidemiological Information’

    • Article 1.1.2

    • Members shallmake available to other Members, through the OIE, whatever information is necessary to minimise the spread of important animal diseases and to assist in achieving better worldwide control of these diseases





The oie s scientific excellence
The OIE’s scientific excellence

Reference Laboratories

May 2011

  • 190 Reference laboratories

  • 101 diseases or topics (34 aquatic diseases)

  • 161 experts (team leaders)

The oie s scientific excellence1
The OIE’s scientific excellence

Collaborating Centres

May 2011

  • 37 Collaborating Centres in 21 countries

  • 35 topics (2 aquatic animal issues)

  • 37 experts (team leaders)

Oie support to members
OIE support to Members

  • Objectives of the OIE Twinning Program

  • Better global geographical coverage - focus on developing and transition countries

  • Regional support for early diagnosis and reporting of listed diseases

  • Improved access for more countries to scientific expertise and to participate in OIE standard setting process.


  • Only 1 / 30 current projects addresses aquatic animal disease

OIE support to Members

OIE PVS Pathway:

Collaborating with governments, stakeholders and donors

Veterinary Services

Strategic Plan


of legislation



PVS Follow-Up

Evaluation mission

Evaluation PVS

« diagnosis »

PVS Gap Analysis

« prescription»

Country / Donors

Investment / Projects





Pvs pathway first diagnostic step
PVS Pathway: first (diagnostic) step

External independent evaluation (objectivity)

Experts trained and certified by the OIE

Based on facts & evidence, not impressions

Not an audit

Voluntary, at request of a country

Report confidential unless country decides to release it

To assess:

Compliance with OIE standards

Strengths / Weaknesses/ Gaps / areas for improvement

Peer reviewed

Recognised by international donors

Provides strong arguments for investment by governments/donors

Pvs evaluation missions state of play 06 06 2011
PVS Evaluation missionsState of play – 06/06/2011





PVS Gap Analysis: prescriptive step




Analysis Budget















Management and Regulatory Services











(8 cards)

(5 cards)

(4 cards)

(2 cards)

(21 cards)

Cost Estimation Cards

















Pvs pathway and aquatic animal health services
PVS Pathway and Aquatic Animal Health Services

OIE PVS Pathway is a proven tool to help Members strengthen Veterinary Services

OIE has developed a modified Tool for use in the evaluation of Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS)

The same principles apply

There are some differences (e.g. the role played by veterinarians as opposed to aquatic animal health professionals

The revised Tool is being further refined through pilot evaluations of AAHS

I encourage all Delegates to consider requesting an evaluation.

OIE support to Members

  • OIE asks Members to appoint national focal points in 7 specific areas, under the authority of the National Delegate.

  • The role of focal points is primarily to support the national Delegate in meeting his/her OIE obligations

  • The OIE provides regular seminars for FP in each region.

    • Aquatic animal diseases

    • Wildlife

    • Animal disease notification

    • Veterinary products

    • Animal welfare

    • Animal production food safety

    • Communication

Veterinary education
Veterinary Education

  • Initial and continuing veterinary education is a key tool for global good governance

  • The aquatic sector needs better access to appropriately trained and skilled veterinarians

  • There is an urgent need to improve the education of both veterinarians and aquatic animal health professionals

  • The OIE is developing a list of day 1 competencies, including aquatic animal health, for veterinary graduates; considered as minimum requirements –countries may adopt stricter standards

  • The Veterinary Statutory Body is responsible for recognition and quality control procedures.

Legislation covering the veterinary domain
Legislation covering the Veterinary domain

  • A crucial element of the Veterinary Services’ infrastructure

  • Not updated for many years in many OIE Members

  • Inadequate in structure and content for the challenges facing VS in today’s world

  • the OIE provides assistance to Membersviathe Global Veterinary Legislation Initiative, part of the

  • OIE PVS Pathway for efficient Veterinary Services

Objectives and expectations1
Objectives and expectations

Our objective is to help to improve aquatic animal health worldwide and thereby, help alleviate poverty and hunger

To assist national authorities for aquatic animal health and welfare to address important threats and challenges:

Feeding the growing world population


Climate change and other environmental threats

Societal expectations

Explain how compliance with OIE standards and guidelines can help Member countries and regional organisations to meet these goals

Objectives and expectations2
Objectives and expectations

To raise awareness of the OIE support available to Members through the OIE PVS Pathway and associated initiatives, including:

the OIE PVS Gap Analysis and PVS follow up

Veterinary Legislation Strengthening Programme

Twinning programmes

OIE Veterinary Education Initiative

Objectives and expectations3
Objectives and expectations

To continue advocating on behalf of Veterinary Services and Aquatic Animal Health Services as a Global Public Good and to encourage governments and donors to make needed investments

To provide compelling messages for VS/AAHS to help convince decision-makers of the need for investment;

To raise awareness of the key importance of quality education for veterinarians and aquatic animal health professionals to improve aquatic animal health programs

Objectives and expectations4
Objectives and expectations

To raise awareness of the need for research in some key areas, such as nutrition, sustainably sources of feed and disease prevention for aquaculture species;

To advocate for applied research to support sustainable aquaculture development while avoiding unwanted impacts on the environment.

Desired outcomes 1
Desired outcomes (1)

Full engagement of all participants, including by taking key consensual messages back to national governments;

Increased Member requests for PVS evaluations of Aquatic Animal Health Services;

Closer collaboration between the Veterinary Services and other Authorities responsible for aquatic animal health;

Desired outcomes 2
Desired outcomes (2)

Generally improved compliance with OIE standards and guidelines, notably for diagnosis and reporting of OIE-listed diseases;

Members contribute more actively to the OIE standard setting process

Respect for and commitment to implement SPS standards, including animal health certification under the responsibility of governmental authorities;

Desired outcomes 3
Desired outcomes (3)

All Members nominate Focal Points for Aquatic Animals and support their participation in OIE regional capacity building activities

Members with reference centres provide the needed resources for their activities and consider entering into twinning agreements with developing countries;

Desired outcomes 4
Desired outcomes (4)

Endorsement of the OIE approach to global capacity building and twinning programmes for aquatic animal health programs, with increased support from OIE Partners and Donors for the PVS Pathway and other initiatives;

Increased applications for recognition as OIE Reference Centres on aquatic animal issues and, for existing reference laboratories, continued support for the application of OIE standards by Members;

Desired outcomes 5
Desired outcomes (5)

Renewed emphasis on the importance of initial and continuing education in aquatic animal health as a key component of efficient aquatic animal health programs

Increased support from governments and donors for the conduct of applied research needed for efficient aquatic animal health programmes.

Desired outcomes 6
Desired outcomes (6)

The OIE continue taking steps to make the PVS Pathway more accessible to governments that wish to strengthen Aquatic Animal Health Services, including through the conduct of pilot assessments at the request of countries

The OIE continue to enter into cooperative agreements with regional and international organisations, with the goal of increasing awareness of the need for aquatic animal health programs, improve early diagnosis and reporting of aquatic animal diseases and foster cooperation between veterinary and other relevant authorities at the national, regional and international level

The OIE continue working to build Members’ capacity through providing training seminars and other activities for National Focal Points for Aquatic Animals.

With grateful thanks to
With grateful thanks to

This conference is co-funded by the European Union

Financial support for participation also provided by:

…and to the Government of the Republic

of Panama for hosting the conference

Thank you for your attention

Organisation mondialede la santé animale

World Organisationfor Animal Health

Organización Mundialde Sanidad Animal

12 rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France - www.oie.int – oie@oie.int