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The Formation of Galactic Disks. By H. J. Mo, Shude Mao and Simon D. M. White (1998). Presented by Mike Berry. Overview. Progenitor Formation Assumptions Models of Disk Formation Disk Properties Effect of a Central Bulge Correlation to Observations. Quick Review of Galaxy Formation.

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the formation of galactic disks

The Formation of Galactic Disks

By H. J. Mo, Shude Mao and Simon D. M. White (1998)

Presented by Mike Berry

overview
Overview
  • Progenitor Formation
  • Assumptions
  • Models of Disk Formation
  • Disk Properties
  • Effect of a Central Bulge
  • Correlation to Observations
quick review of galaxy formation
Quick Review of Galaxy Formation
  • Perturbations in dark matter grow into dark halos
  • Gas cools and condenses into and in those halos
  • Tidal torques produce galactic spin
  • Star formation/feedback
assumptions on disk formation
Assumptions on Disk Formation
  • md - fixed fraction of the halo’s mass
  • jd - fixed fraction of its halo’s angular momentum
  • Centrifugally supported structure
  • Dynamically stable systems - real disks
  • Hierarchical cosmogony
  • No bulge component (discuss later)
model cosmogonies
Model Cosmogonies
  • SCDM (Ωm = 1.0 ΩΛ = 0)
    • Non-self-gravitating disks in isothermal spheres
  • ΛCDM (Ωm = 0.3 ΩΛ = 0.7)
    • Self-gravitating disks in halos with realistic profiles
  • Both cases: Ωb > mdΩm
rotation curves
Rotation Curves
  • Concentration of halo
  • Fraction of halo mass
  • Angular momentum
    • Large Lz case
    • Small Lz case
  • All rotation curves flatten out
disk scalelengths and formation times
Disk Scalelengths and Formation Times
  • Rd - proportional to luminosity
  • All disks form at the same time
  • Most observed disks form recently
    • Too big to form at high-z in Ωm dominated epoch
    • High-z disks – relatively small and compact
  • Substantial loss of angular momentum to dark matter jd<<md – small disks at all z
  • Models predict enough halos to support observed number of disks
effect of a central bulge
Effect of a Central Bulge
  • Bulge assumptions
    • Pointlike
    • Fixed fraction of halo
    • Negligible angular momentum OR (jd=md+mb)
  • Bulge effects
    • mb – little effect on Rd and vc(jb=0)
    • For md=2jd, mb=0, Rd => 2Rd and vc drops significantly
observations
Observations
  • Compare to Damped Lyα absorption Systems
  • Predict high-z disks to be smaller comparatively
  • ΛCDM model can easily explain observations
  • 1/3 observed systems have vc>200km/s
  • 2/3 observed systems have vc>100km/s
  • Constrain md, jd
    • md < 0.05
    • jd~md
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Milky Way type disks formed recently
  • Disks at high z-values are smaller and more compact comparatively
  • Loss of angular momentum problem (may be due to strong feedback)
  • In hierarchical model, there must be strong feedback to suppress early star formation
  • Disk/halo mass fraction – much less than observed baryon mass fraction (process must be inefficient)