Review of Figurative & Descriptive Language. Figurative vs. Literal. To understand . figurative language. one has to understand the difference between . and literal. figurative. More on Literal. To be literal is to mean what you say. For example:. My meaning is exactly what I say.
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one has to understand the difference between
To be literal is to mean what you say.
My meaning is exactly what I say.
If I tell you to sit down,
I mean it literally: “sit down,” as in: “sit in your seat now, please.”
To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else.
I’m not suggesting we get into the freezer.
If, I tell you: “let’s go chill!”
“let’s go chill” …
It has nothing
to do with temperature.
…means let’s relax together and do something fun.
Also known as descriptive language, or poetic language, figurative language helps the writer paint a picture in the reader’s mind.
Literal language says exactly what it means. Idioms, on the other hand, have meanings that rely on imagery and symbolism.
For example, “let the cat out of the bag” figuratively means someone has accidentally revealed a secret or surprise. If you interpret the idiom literally, you would assume that someone has let a real cat out of a bag.
Drawing “literal idioms” can be a fun way to explore how confusing the world of idioms can be to someone who is not familiar with the native language. Grab your art supplies and create a masterpiece that shows the literal meaning of one of your favorite idioms.
Feel free to pick an idiom from the list below for more inspiration.
Chip off the old block
A piece of cake
Add fuel to the fire
Put all your eggs in one basket
Open up a can of worms
Face the music
Barking up the wrong tree
Cry over spilled milk
Throw in the towel
You are what you eat
Example: The muscles on his brawny arms are asstrong as iron bands.
Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the dessert.
Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.
Example: “The wind yells while blowing."
The wind cannot yell. Only a living thing can yell.
Example: She’s said so on several million occasions.
The opposite of hyperbole is understatement. With hyperbole, someone exaggerates to the extreme. With understatement, someone plays down what he or she is describing.
For example, imagine that Tyler turns red, throws his books into his locker, and slams the door so hard that the whole line of lockers rattles. An observer comments, “Tyler is upset.” That person is using understatement.
Think about situations in which you have heard an understatement used. When do people use this device? Why?
Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!
There are additional forms of figurative language which we will also be exploring next class
STYLE is the way the author uses words, phrases, and sentences.
These 4 components will reveal his/her style.
So, when analyzing an author’s style, we need to consider:
By using these features in writing, different meanings of the content (what the story/text is about) are shown to the audience.
The possible tones are as boundless as the number of possible emotions a human being can have. Has anyone ever said to you, "Don't use that tone of voice with me?" Your tone can change the meaning of what you say. Tone can turn a statement like, " You're a big help!" into a genuine compliment or a cruel sarcastic remark. It depends on the context of the story.
Some adjectives to describe TONE:
Formal, informal, serious, humorous, amused, angry, playful, neutral, satirical, gloomy, conciliatory, sad, resigned, cheerful, ironic, clear, detailed, imploring, suspicious, witty…
Some adjectives to describe MOOD:
Fictional, imaginary, fanciful, idealistic, romantic, realistic, optimistic, pessimistic, gloomy, mournful, sorrowful…
Read the Langston Hughes poem and respond with the following:• 1 paragraph explaining the TONE with evidence; 1 paragraph explaining the MOOD with evidence
Madam and the Rent Man by Langston Hughes
The rent man
He said, Howdy-do?
I said, What
Can I do for you?
He said, You know
Your rent is due.
I said, Listen
Before I’d pay
I’d go to Hades
And rot away!
The sink is broke,
The water don’t run,
And you ain’t done a thing
You promised to’ve done.
Back window’s cracked,
Kitchen floor squeaks,
There’s rats in the cellar,
And the attic leaks.
He said, Madam,
It’s not up to me.
I’m just the agent,
Don’t you see?
I said, Naturally,
You pass the buck.
If it’s money you want
You’re out of luck.
He said, Madam,
I ain’t pleased!
I said, Neither am I.
So we agrees!